| up a level
from the master-blaster dept.
Aleister Crowley could be accused of having sought to overthrow the old spiritual authority in order to establish himself as the new authority. At the same time, much of his writing suggests that no outside authority is necessary for attainment.
Crowley himself accepted the authority of the Golden Dawn -- but not for long. It could be argued that he learned as much or more from the friends he made within the G.D. (such as Allen Bennett and George Cecil Jones) as he did from the official "chains of command."
This makes me wonder about other examples of those who have achieved some measure of attainment without having accepted an authority as a necessary precondition. Some, like Da Free John, are like Crowley in that they attained independently yet set themselves up as authorities. Others, like Alan Watts or Franklin Merrell-Wolff, neither accepted nor established authority.
In either case, who else is there?
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