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See Also @ Hermetic.com: The Temple of Solomon the King Part I · Part II · Part III · Part IV · Part V · Part VI · Part VII · Part VIII · Part IX

THE TEMPLE OF SOLOMON
THE KING

IV.

THE HERMIT

WITH the seventh stage in the Mystical Progress of Frater P. we arrive at a sudden and definite turning-point.

During the last two years he had grown strong in the Magic of the West. After having studied a host of mystical systems he had entered the Order of the Golden Dawn, and it had been a nursery to him. In it he had learnt to play with the elements and the elemental forces; but now having arrived at years of adolescence, he put away childish things, and stepped out into the world to teach himself what no school could teach him,—the Arcanum that pupil and master are one!

He had become a 6 = 5, and it now rested with him, and him alone, to climb yet another ridge of the Great Mountain and become a 7 = 4, an Exempt Adept in the Second Order, Master over the Ruach and King over the Seven Worlds.

By destroying those who had usurped control of the Order of the Golden Dawn, he not only broke a link with the darkening past, but forged so might an one with the gleaming future, that soon he was destined to weld it to the all encircling chain of the Great Brotherhood. Long was he destined to travel, past Lemnos and Samothrace, and through Colchis and the city of Æea. There, as a second Jason, in the Temple of Hecate, in the grove of Diana, under the cold rays of the Moon, was he to seal that fearful pact, that pledge of fidelity to Medea, Mistress of Enchantments. There was he to tame the two Bulls, whose feet were of brass, whose horns were as crescent moons in the night, and whose nostrils belched forth mingling columns of flame and of smoke. There was he to harness them to that plough which is made of one great adamantine stone; and with it was he determined to plough the two acres of ground which had never before been tilled by the hand of man, and sow the white dragons’ teeth, and slay the armed multitude, that black army of unbalanced forces which obscures the light of the sun. And then, finally, was he destined to slay with the Sword of Flaming Light that ever watchful Serpent which writhes in silent Wisdom about the trunk of that Tree upon which the Christ hangs crucified.

All these great deeds did he do, as we shall see. he tamed the bulls with ease,—the White and the Black. He ploughed the double field,—the East and the West. He sowed the dragons’ teeth,—the Armies of Doubt; and among them did he cast he stone of Zoroaster given to him by Medea, Queen of Enchantments, so that immediately they turned their weapons one against the other, and perished. And then lastly, on the mystic cup of Iacchus he lulled to sleep the Dragon of the illusions of life, and taking down the Golden Fleece accomplished the Great Work. Then once again did he set {44} sail, and sped past Circe, through Scylla and Carybdis; beyond the singing sisters of Sicily, back to the fair plains of Thessaly and the wooded slopes of Olympus. And one day shall it come to pass that he will return to that far distant land where hung that Fleece of Gold, the Fleece he brought to the Children of Men so that they might weave from it a little garment of comfort; and there on that Self-same Tree shall he hand himself, and others shall crucify him; so that in that Winter which draweth nigh, he who is to come may find yet another garment to cover the hideous nakedness of man, the Robe that hath no Seam. And those who shall receive, though they cast lots for it, yet shall they not rend it, for it is woven from the top throughout.

For unto you is paradise opened, the tree of life is planted, the time to come is prepared, plenteousness is made ready, a city is bilded, the rest is allowed, yea, perfect goodness and wisdom. The root of evil is sealed up from you, weakness and the moth is hid from you, and corruption is fled unto hell to be forgotten: sorrows are passed, and in the end is shewed the treasure of immortality.1

Yea! the Treasure of Immortality. In his own words let us now describe this sudden change.


                                IN NOMINE DEI
                                     אמן
                          Insit Naturae Regina Isis.
                                    _____
                          At the End of the Century:
                          At the End of the Year:
                          At the Hour of Midnight:
              Did I complete and bring to perfection the Work of
                                   L.I.L.2

{45}

In Mexico: even as I did receive it from him who is reincarnated in me: and this work is to the best of my knowledge a synthesis of what the Gods have given unto me, as far as is possible without violating my obligations unto the Chiefs of the R. R. et A. C. Now did I deem it well that I should rest awhile before resuming my labours in the Great Work, seeing that he, who sleepeth never, shall fall by the wayside, and also remembering the twofold sign: the Power of Horus: and the Power of Hoor-pa-Kraat.3

Now, the year being yet young, One D. A. came unto me, and spake.

And he spake not any more (as had been his wont) in guise of a skeptic and indifferent man: but indeed with the very voice and power of a Great Guru, or of one definitely sent from such a Brother of the Great White Lodge.

Yea! though he spake unto me words all of disapproval, did I give thanks and grace to God that he had deemed my folly worthy to attract his wisdom.

And, after days, did my Guru not leave me in my state of humiliation, and, as I may say, despair: but spake words of comfort saying: "Is it not written that if thine Eye be single thy whole body shall be full of Light?" Adding: "In thee is no power of mental concentration and control of thought: and without this thou mayst achieve nothing."

Under his direction, therefore, I began to apply myself unto the practice of Raja-yoga, at the same time avoiding all, even the smallest, consideration of things occult, as also he bade me.

Thus, at the beginning, I did meditate twice daily, three mediations morning and evening, upon such simple objects as—a white triangle; a red cross; Isis; the simple Tatwas; a wand; and the like. I remained after some three weeks for 59 ½ minutes at one time, wherein my thought wandered 25 times. Now I began also to consider more complex things: my little Rose Cross;4 the {46} complex Tatwas; the Golden Dan Symbol, and so on. also I began the exercise of the pendulum and other simple regular motions. Wherefore to-day of Venus, the 22nd of February 1901, I being in the City of Guadalajara, in the Hotel Cosmopolita, I do begin to set down all that I accomplish in this work:

And may the Peace of God, which passeth all understanding, keep my heart and mind through Christ Jesus our Lord.


                           Let my mind be open unto
                                 the Higher:
                          Let my heart be the Centre
                                  of Light:
                              Let my body be the
                                    Temple
                                    of the
                                  ROSY CROSS.
                                       Ex Deo Nascimur
                                       In Jesu Morimur
                                       Per Spiritum Sanctum Reviviscimus.

We must now digress in order to five some account of the Eastern theories of the Universe and the mind. Their study will clarify our view of Frater P’s progress.

The reader is advised to study Chapter VII of Captain J. F. C. Fuller’s "Star in the West" in connection with this exposition.

{47}

THE AGNOSTIC POSITION

DIRECT experience is the key to Yoga; direct experience of that Soul (Âtman) or Essence (Purusha) which acting upon Energy (Prâna), and Substance (Âkâsa) differentiates a plant from a stone, an animal from a plant, a man from an animal, a man from a man, and man from God, yet which ultimately is the underlying Equilibrium of all things; for as the Bhaga-vad-Gâta says: "Equilibrium is called Yoga."

Chemically the various groups in the organic and inorganic worlds are similar in structure and composition. One piece of limestone is very much like another, and so also are the actual bodies of any two man, but not so their minds. There-fore, should we wish to discover and understand that Power which differentiates, and yet ultimately balances all appearances, which are derived by the apparently unconscious object and received by the apparently conscious subject, we must look for it in the workings of man’s brain.5 {48}

This is but a theory, but a theory worth working upon until a better be derived from truer facts. Adopting it, the transfigured-realist gazes at it with wonder and then casts Theory overboard, and loads his ship with Law; postulates that every cause has its effect; and,. when his ship begins to sink, refuses to jettison his wretched cargo, or even to man the pumps of Doubt, because the final result is declared by his philosophy to be unknowable.

If any one cause be unknowable, be it first or last, then all causes are unknowable. The will to create is denied, the will to annihilate is denied, and finally the will to act is denied. Propositions perhaps true to the Master, but certainly not so to the disciple. Because Titian was a great artist and Rodin is a great sculptor, that is no reason why we should abolish art schools and set an embargo on clay.

If the will to act is but a mirage of the mind, then equally so is the will to differentiate or select. If this be true, and the chain of Cause and Effect is eternal, how is it then that Cause A produces effect B, and Cause B effect C, and Cause A + B + C effect X. Where originates this power of production? It is said there is no change, the medium remaining alike throughout. Burt we say there is a change—a change of form,6 and not only a change, but a distinct birth and a distinct death of form. What creates this form? Sense perception. what will destroy this form, and reveal to us that which lies behind it? {49} Presumably cessation of sense perception. How can we prove our theory? By cutting away every perception, every thought- form as it is born, until nothing thinkable is left, not even the thought of the unknowable.

The man of science will often say "I do not know, I really do not know where these bricks came form, or how they were made, or who made them; but here they are; let us build a house and live in it." Now this indeed is a very sensible view to take, and the result is we have some very fine houses built by these excellent bricklayers; but strange to say, this is the fatalist’s point of view, and a fatalistic science is indeed a cruel kind of oxymoron. As a matter of fact he is nothing of the kind; for, when he has exhausted his supply of bricks, he starts to look about for others, and when others cannot be found, he takes one of the old ones and picking it to pieces tries to discover of what it is made so that he may make more.

What is small-pox? Really, my friend, I do not know where it came from, or what it is, or how it originated; when a man catches it he either dies or recovers, please go away and don’t ask me ridiculous questions! Now this indeed would not be considered a very sensible view to adopt. And why? Simply because small-pox no longer happens to be believed in as a malignant devil, but is, at least partially, known an understood. Similarly, when we have gained as much knowledge of the First Cause as we have of small-pox, we shall no longer believe in a Benevolent God or otherwise, but shall, at least partially, know and understand Him as He is or is-not. "I can’t learn this!" is the groan of a schoolboy and not the exclamation of a sage. No doctor who is worth his salt will say: "I can’t tackle this disease"; he says: "I will tackle {50} this disease." So also with the Unknowable, God, à priori, First Cause, etc., etc., this metaphysical sickness can be cured. Not certainly in the same manner as small-pox can be; for physicians have a scientific language wherein to express their ideas and thoughts, whilst a mystic too often has not; but by a series of exercises, or a system of symbolic teaching, which will gradually lead the sufferer from the material to the spiritual, and not leave him gazing and wondering at it, as he would at a star in the night.

A fourth dimensional being, outside a few mathematical symbols, would be unable to explain to a third dimensional being a fourth dimensional world, simply because he would be addressing him in a fourth dimensional language. Likewise, in a less degree, would a doctor be unable to explain the theory of inoculation to a savage, but it is quite conceivable that he might be able to teach him how to vaccinate himself or another; which would be after all the chief point gained.

Similarly the Yogi says: I have arrived at a state of Superconsciousness (Samâdhi) and you, my friend, are not only blind, deaf and dumb, and a savage, but the son of a pig into the bargain. You are totally immersed in Darkness (Tamas); a child of ignorance (Avidyâ), and the offspring of illusion (Mâyâ); as mad, insane and idiotic as those unfortunates you lock up in your asylums to convince you, as one of you yourselves has very justly remarked, that you are not all raving mad. For you consider not only one thing, which you insult by calling God, but all things, to be real; and anything which has the slightest odour of reality about it you pronounce an illusion. But, as my brother the Magician has told you, "he {51} who denies anything asserts something," now let me disclose to you this "Something," so hat you may find behind the pairs of opposites what this something is in itself and not in its appearance.

It has been pointed out in a past chapter how that in the West symbol has been added to symbol, and how that in the East symbol has been subtracted from symbol. How in the West the Magician has said: "As all came from God so must all proceed to God," the motion being a forward one, and acceleration of the one already existing. Now let us analyze what is meant by the worlds of the yogi when he says: "As all came from god so must all return to God," the motion being, as it will be at once seen, a backward one, a slowing down of the one which already exists, until finally is reached that goal from which we originally set out by a cessation of thinking, a weakening of the vibrations of illusion until they cease to exist in Equilibrium.7 {52}

THE VEDANTA

BEFORE we enter upon the theory and practice of Yoga, it is essential that the reader should possess some slight knowledge of the Vedânta philosophy; and though the following in no way pretends to be an exhaustive account of the same, yet it is hoped that it will prove a sufficient guide to lead the seeker from the Western realms of Magic and action to the Eastern lands of Yoga and renunciation.

To begin with, the root-thought of all philosophy and religion, both Eastern and Western, is that the universe is only an appearance, and not a reality, or, as Deussen has it:

The entire external universe, with its infinite ramifications in space and time, as also the involved and intricate sum of our inner perceptions, is all merely the form under which the essential reality presents itself to a consciousness such as ours, but is not the form in which it may subsist outside of our consciousness and independent of it; that, in other words, the sum total of external and internal experience always an only tells us how things are constituted for us, and for our intellectual capacities, not how they are in themselves and apart from intelligences such as ours.8

Here is the whole of the World’s philosophy in a hundred words; the undying question which has perplexed the mind of man from the dim twilight of the Vedas to the sweltering noon-tide of present-day Scepticism, what is the "Ding an sich"; what is the αὐτὸ καθ αὑτό; what is the Âtman?

That the thing which we perceive and experience is not {53} the "thing in itself" is very certain, for it is only what "WE see." Yet nevertheless we renounce this as being absurd, or not renouncing it, at least do not live up to our assertion; for, we name that which is a reality to a child, and a deceit or illusion to a man, an apparition or a shadow. Thus, little by little, we beget a new reality upon the old reality, a new falsehood upon the old falsehood, namely, that the thing we see is "an illusion" and is not "a reality," seldom considering that the true difference between the one and the other is but the difference of name. Then after a little do we begin to believe in "the illusion" as firmly and concretely as we once believed in "the reality," seldom considering that all belief is illusionary, and that knowledge is only true as long as it remains unknown.9

Now Knowledge is identification, not with the inner or outer of a thing, but with that which cannot be explained by either, and which is the essence of the thing in itself,10 and which the Upanishads name the Âtman. Identification with this Âtman (Emerson’s "Oversoul") is therefore the end of Religion and Philosophy alike.

"Verily he who has seen, heard, comprehended and known the Âtman, by him is this entire universe known."11 Because there is but one Âtman and not many Âtmans. {54}

The first veil against which we must warn the aspirant is the entanglement of language, of words and of names. The merest tyro will answer, "of course you need not explain to me that, if I call a thing ‘A’ or ‘B,’ it makes no difference to that thing in itself." And yet not only the tyro, but many of the astutest philosophers have fallen into this snare, and not only once but an hundred times; the reason being that they have not remained silent12 about that which can only be "known" and not "believed in," and that which can never be names without begetting a duality (an untruth), and consequently a whole world of illusions. It is the crucifixion of every world-be Saviour, this teaching of a truth under the symbol of a lie, this would-be explanation to the multitude of the unexplainable, this passing off on the canaille the strumpet of language (the Consciously Known) in the place of the Virgin of the World (the Consciously Unknown).13

No philosophy has ever grasped this terrible limitation so firmly as the Vedânta. "All experimental knowledge, the four Vedas and the whole series of empirical science, as they are enumerated in Chândogya, 7. 1. 2-3, are ’nâma eva,’ ’mere name.’"14 As the Rig Veda says, "they call him Indra, Mitra, Varuna, Agni, and he is heavenly nobly-winged Garutmân. To what is one, sages give many a title: they call it Agni, Tama, Mâtirisvan."15 {55}

Thus we find that "duality" in the East is synonymous with "a mere matter of words,"16 and further, that, when anything is (or can be) describe by a word or a name, the knowledge concerning it is Avidyâ, "ignorance."

No sooner are the eyes of a man opened17 than he sees "good and evil," and becomes a prey to the illusions he has set out to conquer. He gets something apart from himself, and whether it be Religion, Science, or Philosophy it matters not; for in the vacuum which he thereby creates, between him and it, burns the fever that he will never subdue until he has annihilated both.18 God, Immortality, Freedom, are appearances and not realities, they are Mâyâ and not Âtman; Space, Time and Causality19 are appearances and not realities, they also are Mâyâ and not Âtman. All that is not Âtman is Mâyâ, and Mâyâ is ignorance, and ignorance is sin.

Now the philosophical fall of the Âtman produces the Macrocosm and the Microcosm, God and not-God—the Universe, or the power which asserts a separateness, an individuality, {56} a self-consciousness—I am! This is explained in Brihadâranyaka, 1. 4. 1. as follows:

"In the beginning the Âtman alone in the form of a man20 was this universe. He gazed around; he saw nothing there but himself. Thereupon he cried out at the beginning: ’It is I.’ Thence originated the name I. Therefore to-day, when anyone is summoned, he answers first ’It is I’; and then only he names the other name which he bears."21

This Consciousness of "I" is the second veil which man meets on his upward journey, and, unless he avoid it and escape from its hidden meshes, which are a thousandfold more dangerous than the entanglements of the veil of words, he will never arrive at that higher consciousness, that superconsciousness (Samâdhi), which will consume him back into the Âtman from which he came.

As the fall of the Âtman arises from the cry "It is I," so does the fall of the Self-consciousness of the universe-man arise through that Self- consciousness crying "I am it," thereby identifying the shadow with the substance; from this fall arises the first veil we had occasion to mention, the veil of duality, of words, of belief.

This duality we find even in the texts of the oldest Upanishads, such as in Brihadâranjaka, 3. 4. 1. "It is thy soul, {57} which is within all." And also again in the same Upanishad (I. 4. 10.), "He who worships another divinity (than the Âtman), and says ’it is one and I am another’ is not wise, but he is like a house-dog of the gods." And house-dogs shall we remain so long as we cling to a belief in a knowing subject and an known object, or in the worship of anything, even of the Âtman itself, as long as it remains apart from ourselves. Such a delemma as this does not take long to induce one of those periods of "spiritual dryness," one of those "dark nights of the soul" so familiar to all mystics and even to mere students of mysticism. And such a night seems to have closed around Yâjñavalkhya when he exclaimed:

After death there is no consciousness. For where there is as it were a duality, there one sees the other, smells, hears, addresses, comprehends, and knows the other; but when everything has become to him his own self, how should he smell, see, hear, address, understand, or know anyone at all? How should he know him, through whom he knows all this, how should he know the knower?22

Thus does the Supreme Âtman become unknowable, on account of the individual Âtman23 remaining unknown; and further, will remain unknowable as long as consciousness of a separate Supremacy exists in the heart of the individual.

Directly the seeker realizes this, a new reality is born, and the clouds of night roll back and melt away before the light of a breaking dawn, brilliant beyond all that have preceded it. Destroy this consciousness, and the Unknowable may become the Known, or at least the Unknown, in the sense of the undiscovered. Thus we find the old Vedantist presupposing an Âtman and a σύμβολον of it, so that he might better transmute {58} the unknown individual soul into the known, and the unknowable Supreme Soul into the unknown, and the, from the knowable through the known to the knower, get back to the Âtman and Equilibrium—Zero.

All knowledge he asserts to be Mâyâ, and only by paradoxes is the Truth revealed.


                         Only he who knows it not knows it,
                         Who knows it, he knows it not;
                         Unknown is it by the wise,
                         But by the ignorant known.24

These dark nights of Scepticism descent upon all systems just as they descend upon all individuals, at no stated times, but as a reaction after much hard work; and usually they are forerunners of a new and higher realization of another unknown land to explore. Thus again and again do we find them rising and dissolving like some strange mist over the realms of the Vedânta. To disperse them we must consume them in that same fire which has consumed all we held dear; we must turn our engines of war about and destroy our sick and wounded, so that those who are strong and whole may press on the faster to victory.

As early as the days of the Rig Veda, before the beginning was, there was "neither not-being nor yet being." This thought again and again rumbles through the realms of philosophy, souring the milk of man’s understanding with its bitter scepticism.


                         Not-being was this in the beginning,
                         From it being arose.
                         Self-fashioned indeed out of itself ...
                         The being and the beyond   {59}
                         Expressible and inexpressible,
                         Founded and foundationless,
                         Consciousness and unconsciousness,
                         Reality and unreality.25

All these are vain attempts to obscure the devotee’s mind into believing in that Origin he could in no way understand, by piling up symbols of extravagant vastness. all, as with the Qabalists, was based on Zero, all, same one thing, and this one thing saved the mind of man from the fearful palsy of doubt which had shaken to ruin his brave certainties, his audacious hopes and his invincible resolutions. Man, slowly through all his doubts, began to realize that if indeed all were Mâyâ, a matter of words, he at least existed. "I am," he cried, no longer, "I am it."26

And with the Îsâ Upanishad he whispered:


                         Into dense darkness he enters
                         Who has conceived becoming to be naught,
                         Into yet denser he
                         Who has conceived becoming to be aught.

Abandoning this limbo of Causality, just as the Buddhist did at a later date, he tackled the practical problem "What am I? To hell with God!"

The self is the basis for the validity of proof, and therefore is constituted also before the validity of proof. And because it is thus formed it is impossible to call it in question. For we many call a thing in question which comes up to us from without, but not our own essential being. For if a man calls it in question yet is it his own essential being.

An integral part is here revealed in each of us which is a reality, perhaps the only reality it is given us to know, and {60} one we possess irrespective our our not being able to understand it. We have a soul, a veritable living Âtman, irrespective of all codes, sciences, theories, sects and laws. What then is this Âtman, and how can we understand it, that is to say, see it solely, or identify all with it?

The necessity of doing this is pointed out in Chândogya, 8. 1. 6.

He who departs from this world without having known the soul or those true desires, his part in all worlds is a life of constraint; but he who departs from this world after having known the soul and those true desires, his part in all worlds is a life of freedom.

In the Brihadâranjaka,27 king Janaka asks Yâjñavalkhya, "what serves man for light?" That sage answers:

The sun serves him for light. When however the sun has set?—the moon. And when he also has set?—fire. And when this also is extinguished? --- the voice. And when this also is silenced? Then is he himself his own light.28

This passage occurs again and again in the same form, and in paraphrase, as we read through the Upanishads. In Kâthaka 5. 15 we find:


                    There no sun shines, no moon, nor glimmering star,
                    Nor yonder lightning, the fire of earth is quenched; {61}
                    From him,29 who alone shines, all else borrows its brightness.
                    The whole world bursts into splendour at his shining.

And again in Maitrâyana, 6. 24.

When the darkness is pierced through, then is reached that which is not affected by darkness; and he who has thus pierced through that which is so affected, he has beheld like a glittering circle of sparks Brahman bright as the sun, endowed with all might, beyond the reach of darkness, that shines in yonder sun as in the moon, the fire and the lightning.

Thus the Âtman little by little came to be known and no longer believed in; yet at first it appears that those who realized it kept their methods to themselves, and simply explained to their followers its greatness and splendour by parable and fable, such as we find in Brihadâranyaka, 2. 1. 19.

That is his real form, in which he is exalted above desire, and is free from evil and fear. For just as one who dallies with a beloved wife has no consciousness of outer or inner, so the spirit also dallying with the self, whose essence is knowledge, has no consciousness of inner or outer. That is his real form, wherein desire is quenched, and he is himself his own desire, separate from desire and from distress. Then the father is no longer father, the mother no longer mother, the worlds no longer worlds, the gods no longer gods, the Vedas no longer Vedas. ... This is his supreme goal.

As theory alone cannot for ever satisfy man’s mind in the solution of the life-riddle, so also when once the seeker has become the seer, when once actual living men have attained and become Adepts, their methods of attainment cannot for long remain entirely hidden.30 And either from their teachings directly, or from those of their disciples, we find in India {62} sprouting up from the roots of the older Upanishads two great systems of practical philosophy:


               1. The attainment by Sannyâsa.
               2. The attainment by Yoga.

The first seeks, by artificial means, to suppress desire. The second by scientific experiments to annihilate the consciousness of plurality.

In the natural course of events the Sannyâsa precedes the Yoga, for it consists in casting off from oneself home, possessions, family and all that engenders and stimulates desire; whilst the Yoga consists in withdrawing the organs of sense from the objects of sense, and by concentrating them on the Inner Self, Higher Self, Augoeides, Âtman, or Adonai, shake itself free from the illusions of Mâyâ—the world of plurality, and secure union with this Inner Self or Âtman. {63}

ATTAINMENT BY YOGA.

ACCORDING to the Shiva Sanhita there are two doctrines found in the Vedas: the doctrines of "Karma Kânda" (sacrificial works, etc.) and of "Jana Kânda" (science and knowledge). "Karma Kânda" is twofold—good and evil, and according to how we live "there are many enjoyments in heaven," and "in hell there are many sufferings." Having once realized the truth of "Karma Kânda" the Yogi renounces the works of virtue and vice, and engages in "Jnana Kânda" --- knowledge.

In the Shiva Sanhita we read:31

In the proper season, various creatures are born to enjoy the consequences of their karma.32 As though mistake mother-of-pearl is taken for silver, so through the error of one’s own karma man mistakes Brahma for the universe.

Being too much and deeply engaged in the manifested world, the delusion arises about that which is manifested—the subject. There is no other cause (of this delusion). Verily, verily, I tell you the truth.

If the practiser of Yoga wishes to cross the ocean of the world, he should renounce all the fruits of his works, having preformed all the duties of his âshrama.33

"Jnana Kânda" is the application of science to "Karma Kânda," the works of good and evil, that is to say of Duality. {64} Little by little it eats away the former, as strong acid would eat away a piece of steel, and ultimately when the last atom has been destroyed it ceases to exist as a science, or as a method, and becomes the Aim, i.e., Knowledge. This is most beautifully described in the above-mentioned work as follows:

34. That Intelligence which incites the functions into the paths of virtue and vice "am I." All this universe, moveable and immovable, is from me; all things are seen through me; all are absorbed into me;34 because there exists nothing but spirit, and "I am that spirit." There exists nothing else.

35. As in innumerable cups full of water, many reflections of the sun are seen, but the substance is the same; similarly individuals, like cups, are innumerable, but the vivifying spirit like the sun is one.

49. All this universe, moveable or immoveable, has come out of Intelligence. Renouncing everything else, take shelter of it.

50. As space pervades a jar both in and out, similarly within and beyond this ever-changing universe there exists one universal Spirit.

58. Since from knowledge of that Cause of the universe, ignorance is destroyed, therefore the Spirit is Knowledge; and this Knowledge is everlasting.

59. That Spirit from which this manifold universe existing in time takes its origin is one, and unthinkable.

62. Having renounced all false desires and chains, the Sanny?si and Yogi see certainly in their own spirit the universal Spirit.

63. Having seen the Spirit that brings forth happiness in their own spirit, they forget this universe, and enjoy the ineffable bliss of Samâdhi.35

As in the West there are various systems of Magic, so in the East are there various systems of yoga, each of which purports to lead the aspirant from the realm of Mâyâ to that of Truth in Samâdhi. The most important of these are:


        1. Gana Yoga.    Union by Knowledge.
        2. Raha Yoga.    Union by Will
        3. Bhakta Yoga.  Union by Love.          {65}
        4. Hatha Yoga.   Union by Courage.
        5. Mantra Yoga.  Union though Speech.
        6. Karma Yoga.   Union though Work.36

The two chief of these six methods according to the Bhagavad-Gâta are: Yoga by Sâñkhya (Raja Yoga), and Yoga by Action (Karma Yoga). But the difference between these two is to be found in their form rather than in their substance; for, as Krishna himself says:

Renunciation (Raja Yoga) and Yoga by action (Karma Yoga) both lead to the highest bliss; of the two, Yoga by action is verily better than renunciation by action ... Children, not Sages, speak of the Sâñkhya and the Yoga as different; he who is duly established in one obtaineth the fruits of both. That place which is gained by the Sâñkhyas is reached by the Yogis also. He seeth, who seeth that the Sâñkhya and the Yoga are one.37

Or, in other words, he who understand the equilibrium of action and renunciation (of addition and subtraction) is as he who perceives that in truth the circle is the line, the end the beginning.

To show how extraordinarily closely allied are the methods of Yoga to those of Magic, we will quote the following three verses from the Bhagavid-Gâta, which, with advantage, the reader may compare with the citations already made from the works of Abramelin and Eliphas Levi.

When the mind, bewildered by the Scriptures (Shruti), shall stand immovable, fixed in contemplation (Samâdhi), then shalt thou attain to Yoga.38

Whatsoever thou doest, whatsoever thou eatest, whatsoever thou offerest, {66} whatsoever thou givest, whatsoever thou dost of austerity, O Kaunteya, do thou that as an offering unto Me.

On Me fix thy mind; be devoted to Me; sacrifice to Me; prostrate thyself before Me; harmonized thus in the SELF (Âtman), thou shalt come unto Me, having Me as thy supreme goal.39

These last two verses are taken from "The Yoga of the Kingly Science and the Kingly Secret"; and if put into slightly different language might easily be mistaken for a passage out of "the Book of the Sacred Magic."

Not so, however, the first, which is taken from "The Yoga by the Sâñkhya," and which is reminiscent of the Quietism of Molinos and Madam de Guyon rather than of the operations of a ceremonial magician. And it was just this Quietism that P. as yet had never fully experienced; and he, realizing this, it came about that when once the key of Yoga was proffered him, he preferred to open the door of Renunciation and close that of Action, and to abandon the Western methods by the means of which he had already advanced so far rather than to continue in them. This in itself was the first great Sacrifice which he made upon the path of Renunciation—to abandon all that he had as yet attained to, to cut himself off from the world, and like an Hermit in a desolate land seek salvation by himself, through himself and of Himself. Ultimately, as we shall see, he renounced even this disownment, for which he now sacrificed all, and, by an unification of both, welded the East to the West, the two halves of that perfect whole which had been lying apart since that night wherein the breath of God moved upon the face of the waters and the limbs of a living world struggled from out the Chaos of Ancient Night. {67}

THE YOGAS.

DIRECT experience is the end of Yoga. How can this direct experience be gained? And the answer is: by Concentration or Will. Swami Vivekânanda on this point writes:

Those who really want to be Yogis must give up, once for all, this nibbling at things. Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life; dream of it; think of it; live on that idea. Let the brain, the body, muscles, nerves, every part of your body, be full of that idea, and just leave every other idea alone. This is the way to success, and this is the way great spiritual giants are produced. others are mere talking machines. ... To succeed, you must have tremendous perseverance, tremendous will. "I will drink the ocean," says the persevering soul. "At my will mountains will crumble up." Have that sort of energy, that sort of will, work hard, and you will reach the goal.40

"O Keshara," cries Arjuna, "enjoin in me this terrible action!" This will TO WILL.

To turn the mind inwards, as it were, ad stop it wandering outwardly, and then to concentrate all its powers upon itself, are the methods adopted by the Yogi in opening the closed Eye which sleeps in the hear to every one of us, and to create this will TO WILL. By doing so he ultimately comes face to face with something which is indestructible, on account of it being uncreatable, and which knows no dissatisfaction. {68}

Every child is aware that the mind possesses a power known as the reflective faculty. We hear ourselves talk; and we stand apart and see ourselves work and think. we stand aside from ourselves and anxiously or fearlessly watch and criticize our lives. There are two persons in us,— the thinker (or the worker) and the seer. The unwinding of the hoodwink from the eyes of the seer, for in most men the seer in, like a mummy, wrapped in the countless rags of thought, is what Yoga purposes to do: in other words to accomplish no less a task than the mastering of the forces of the Universe, the surrender of the gross vibrations of the external world to the finer vibrations of the internal, and then to become one with the subtle Vibrator —the Seer Himself.

We have mentioned the six chief systems of yoga, and now before entering upon what for us at present must be the two most important of them,— namely, Hatha Yoga and Raja Yoga, we intend, as briefly as possible, to explain the remaining four, and also the necessary conditions under which all methods of Yoga should be practised.

GNANA YOGA. Union through Knowledge.

Gana Yoga is that Yoga which commences with a study of the impermanent wisdom of this world and ends with the knowledge of the permanent wisdom of the Âtman. Its first stage is Viveka, the discernment of the real from the unreal. Its second Vairâgya, indifference to the knowledge of the world, its sorrows and joys. Its third Mukti, release, and unity with the Âtman.

In the fourth discourse of the Bhagavad Gîta we find Gana Yoga praised as follows: {69}

Better than the sacrifice of any objects is the sacrifice of wisdom, O Paratapa. All actions in their entirety, O Pârtha, culminate in wisdom.

As the burning fire reduces fuel to ashes, O Arjuna, so doth the fire of wisdom reduce all actions to ashes.

Verily there is nothing so pure in this world as wisdom; he that is perfected in Yoga finds it in the Âtman in due season.41

KARMA YOGA. Union through Work.

Very closely allied to Gana Yoga is Karma Yoga, Yoga through work, which may seem only a means towards the former. But this is not so, for not only must the aspirant commune with the Âtman through the knowledge or wisdom he attains, but also through the work which aids him to attain it.

A good example of Karma Yoga is quoted from Chuang-Tzu by Flagg in his work on Yoga. It is as follows:

Prince Hui’s cook was cutting up a bullock. Every blow of his hand, every heave of his shoulders, every tread of his foot, every thrust of his knee, every whshh of rent flesh, every chhk of the chopper, was in perfect harmony, --- rhythmical like the dance of the mulberry grove, simultaneous like the chords of Ching Shou." "Well done," cried the Prince; "yours is skill indeed." "Sir," replied the cook, "I have always devoted myself to Tao (which here means the same as Yoga). "It is better than skill." When I first began to cut up bullocks I saw before me simply whole bullocks. After three years’ practice I saw no more whole animals. And now I work with my mind and not with my eye. when my senses bid me stop, but my mind urges me on, I fall back upon eternal 70 principles. I follow such openings or cavities as there may be, according to the natural constitution of the animal. A good cook changes his chopper once a year, because he cuts. An ordinary cook once a month—because he hacks. But I have had this chopper nineteen years, and although I have cut up many thousand bullocks, its edge is as if fresh from the whetstone.42

MANTRA YOGA. Union through Speech.

This type of Yoga consists in repeating a name or a sentence or verse over and over again until the speaker and the word spoken become one in perfect concentration. Usually speaking it is used as an adjunct to some other practice, under one or more of the other Yoga methods. Thus the devotee to the God Shiva will repeat his name over and over again until at length the great God opens his Eye and the world is destroyed.

Some of the most famous mantras are:

"Aum mani padme Hum."

"Aum Shivaya Vashi."

"Aum Tat Sat Aum."

"Namo Shivaya namaha Aum."

The pranava AUM43 plays an important part throughout the whole of Indian Yoga, and especially is it considered sacred by the Mantra-Yogi, who is continually using it. To pronounce it properly the "A" is from the throat, the "U" in the middle, and the "M" at the lips. This typifies the whole course of breath. {71}

It is the best support, the bow off which the soul as the arrow flies to Brahman, the arrow which is shot from the body as bow in order to pierce the darkness, the upper fuel with which the body as the lower fuel is kindled by the fire of the vision of God, the net with which the fish of Prâna is drawn out, and sacrificed in the fire of the Âtman, the ship on which a man voyages over the ether of the heart, the chariot which bears him to the world of Brahman.44

At the end of the "Shiva Sanhita" there are some twenty verses dealing with the Mantra. And as in so many other Hindu books, a considerable amount of mystery is woven around these sacred utterances. We read:

190. In the four-petalled Muladhara lotus is the seed of speech, brilliant as lightning.

191. In the heart is the seed of love, beautiful as the Bandhuk flower. In the space between the two eyebrows is the seed of Shakti, brilliant as tens of millions of moons. These three seeds should be kept secret.45

These three Mantras can only be learnt from a Guru, and are not given in the above book. By repeating them a various number of times certain results happen. Such as: after eighteen lacs, the body will rise from the ground and remain suspended in the air; after an hundred lacs, "the great yogi is absorbed in the Para-Brahman.46

BHAKTA YOGA. Union by love.

In Bhakta Yoga the aspirant usually devotes himself to some special deity, every action of his life being done in honour and glory of this deity, and, as Vivekânanda tells us, "he has not to suppress any single one of his emotions, he only strives to intensify them and direct them to god." Thus, if he devoted himself to Shiva, he must reflect in his life to his utmost the life of Shiva; if to Shakti the life of Shakti, unto the seer and the seen become one in he mystic union of attainment. {72}

Of Bhakta Yoga the "Nârada Sûtra" says:

58. Love (Bhakti) is easier than other methods.

59. Being self-evident it does not depend on other truths.

60. And from being of the nature of peace and supreme bliss.47

This exquisite little Sûtra commences:

1. will now explain Love.

2. Its nature is extreme devotion to some one.

3. Love is immortal.

4. Obtaining it man becomes perfect, becomes immortal, becomes satisfied.

5. And obtaining it he desires nothing, grieves not, hates not, does not delight, makes no effort.

6. Knowing it he become intoxicated, transfixed, and rejoices in the Self (Âtman).

This is further explained at the end of Swâtmârâm Swâmi’s "Hatha-Yoga."

Bhakti really means the constant perception of the form of the Lord by the Antahkarana. There are nine kinds of Bahktis enumerated. hearing his histories and relating them, remembering him, worshipping his feet, offering flowers to him, bowing to him (in soul), behaving as his servant, becoming his companion and offering up one’s Âtman to him. ... Thus, Bhakti, in its most transcendental aspect, is included in Sampradnyâta Samâdhi.48 {73}

The Gnana Yoga P., as the student, had already long prctised in his study of the Holy Qabalah; so also had he Karma Yoga by his acts of service whilst a Neophyte in the Order of the Golden Dawn; but now at the suggestion of D. A. he betook himself to practice of Hatha and Raja Yoga.

Hatha Yoga and Raja Yoga are so intimately connected, that instead of forming two separate methods, they rather form the first half and second half of one and the same.

Before discussing either the Hatha or Raja Yogas, it will be necessary to explain the conditions under which Yoga should be performed. These conditions being the conventional ones, each individual should by practice discover those more particularly suited to himself.

i. The Guru.

Before commencing any Yoga practice, according to every Hindu book upon this subject, it is first necessary to find a Guru,49 to teacher, to whom the disciple (Chela) must entirely devote himself: as the "Shiva Sanhita" says:

11. Only the knowledge imparted by a Guru is powerful and useful; otherwise it becomes fruitless, weak and very painful.

12. He who attains knowledge by pleasing his Guru with every attention, readily obtains success therein.

13. There is not the least doubt that Guru is father, Guru is mother, and Guru is God even: and as such, he should be served by all, with their thought, word and deed.50

ii. Place. Solitude and Silence.

The place where Yoga is performed should be a beautiful and pleasant place, according to the Shiva Sanhita.51 In the {74} Kshurikâ Upanishad, 2. 21, it states that "a noiseless place" should be chosen; and in S’vetâs’vatara, 2. 10:

Let the place be pure, and free also from boulders and sand,

Free from fire, smoke, and pools of water,

Here where nothing distracts the mind or offends the eye,

In a hollow protected from the wind a man should compose himself.

The dwelling of a Yogi is described as follows:

The practiser of Hathayoga should live alone in a small Matha or monastery situated in a place free from rocks, water and fire; of the extent of a bow’s length, and in a fertile country ruled over by a virtuous king, where he will not be disturbed.

The Mata should have a very small door, and should be without any windows; it should be level and without any holes; it should be neither too high nor too long. It should be very clean, being daily smeared over with cow-dung, and should be free from all insects. Outside it should be a small corridor with a raised seat and a well, and the whole should be surrounded by a wall. ...52

iii. Time.

The hours in which Yoga should be performed vary with the instructions of the Guru, but usually they should be four times a day, at sunrise, mid-day, sunset and mid-night.

iv. Food.

According to the "Hatha-Yoga Pradipika": "Moderate {75} diet is defined to mean taking pleasant and sweet food, leaving one fourth of the stomach free, and offering up the act to Shiva."53

Things that have been once cooked and have since grown cold should be avoided, also foods containing an excess of salt and sourness. Wheat, rice, barley, butter, sugar, honey and beans may be eaten, and pure water and milk drunk. The Yogi should partake of one meal a day, usually a little after noon. "Yoga should not be practised immediately after a meal, nor when one is very hungry; before beginning the practice, some milk and butter should be taken."54

v. Physical considerations.

The aspirant to Yoga should study his body as well as his mind, and should cultivate regular habits. He should strictly adhere to the rules of health and sanitation. He should rise an hour before sunrise, and bathe himself twice daily, in the morning and thee evening, with cold water (if he can do so without harm to his health). His dress should be warm so that he is not distracted by the changes of weather.

vi. Moral considerations.

The yogi should practise kindness to all creatures, he should abandon enmity towards any person, "pride, duplicity, and crookedness" ... and the "companionship of women."55 Further, in Chapter 5 of the "Shiva Sanhaita" the hindrances {76} of Enjoyment, Religion and Knowledge are expounded at some considerable length. Above all the Yogi "should work like a master and not like a slave."56

HATHA YOGA. Union by Courage.

It matters not what attainment the aspirant seeks to gain, or what goal he has in view, the one thing above all others which is necessary is a healthy body, and a body which is under control. It is hopeless to attempt to obtain stability of mind in one whose body is ever leaping from land to water like a frog; with such, any sudden influx of illumination may bring with it not enlightenment but mania; there fore it is that all the great masters have set the task of courage before that of endeavour.57 He who dares to will, will will to know, and knowing will keep silence;58 for even to such as have entered the Supreme Order, there is not way found whereby they may break the stillness and communicate to those who have not ceased to hear.59 The guardian of the Temple is Adonai, he alone holds the key of the Portal, seek it of Him, for there is none other that can open for thee the door.

Now to dare much is to will a little, so it comes about that though Hatha Yoga is the physical Yoga which teaches the aspirant how to control his body, yet is it also Raja Yoga {77} which teach him how to control his mind. Little by little, as the body comes under control, does the mind assert its sway over the body; and little by little, as the mind asserts its sway, does it come gradually, little by little under the rule of the Âtman, until ultimately the Âtman, Augoeides, Higher Self or Adonai fills the Space which was once occupied solely by the body and mind of the aspirant. Therefore though the death of the body as it were is the resurrection of the Higher Self accomplished, and the pinnacles of that Temple, whose foundations are laid deep in the black earth, are lost among the starry Palaces of God.

In the "Hatha-Yoga Pradipika" we read that "there can be no Raja Yoga without Hatha Yoga, and vice versa, that to those who wander in the darkness of the conflicting Sects unable to obtain Raja Yoga, the most merciful Swâtmârâma Yogi offers the light of Hathavidya."60

In the practice of this mystic union which is brought about by the Hatha Yoga and the Raja Yoga exercises the conditions necessary are:

  1. Yama: Non-killing (Ahinsa); truthfulness (Satya); non-stealing (Asteya); continence (Brahmacharya); and non-receiving of any gift (Aparigraha).
  2. Niyama: Cleanliness (S’ancha); contentment (Santosha); mortification (Papasaya); study and self surrender (Swádhyáya); and the recognition of the Supreme (I’s’wara pranidháná).
  3. A’sana: Posture and the correct position of holding the body, and the performance of the Mudras. {78}
  4. "Prânâyâma:" Control of the Prâna, and the vital forces of the body.
  5. "Pratyâhâra:" Making the mind introspective, turning it back upon itself.
  6. "Dhâranâ:" Concentration, or the will to hold the mind to certain points.
  7. "Dhyâna:" Meditation, or the outpouring of the mind on the object held by the will.
  8. "Samâdhi:" Ecstasy, or Superconsciousness.

As regards the first two of the above stages we need not deal with them at any length. Strictly speaking, they come under the heading of Karma and Gnana Yoga, and as it were form the Evangelicism of Yoga—the "Thou shalt" and "Thou shalt not." They vary according to definition and sect.61 However, one point must be explained, and this is, that it must be remembered that most works on Yoga are written either by men like Patanjali, to whom continence, truthfulness, etc., are simple illusions of mind; or by charlatans, who imagine that, by displaying to the reader a mass of middle-class "virtues," their works will be given so exalted a flavour that they themselves will pass as great ascetics who have out-soared the bestial passions of life, whilst in fact they are running harems in Boulogne or making indecent proposals to flower-girls in South Audley Street. These latter ones generally trade under the exalted names of The Mahatmas; who, {79} coming straight from the Shâm Bazzaar, retail their wretched bă k băk to their sheep-headed followers as the eternal word of Brahman—"The shower from the Highest!" And, not infrequently, end in silent meditation within the illusive walls of Wormwood Scrubbs.

The East like the West, has for long lain under the spell of that potent but Middle-class Magician—St. Shamefaced sex; and the whole of its literature swings between the two extremes of Paederasty and Brahmach?rya. Even the great science of Yoga has not remained unpolluted by his breath, so that in many cases to avoid shipwreck upon Scylla the Yogi has lost his life in the eddying whirlpools of Charybdis.

The Yogis claim that the energies of the human body are stored up in the brain, and the highest of these energies they call "Ojas." they also claim that that part of the human energy which is expressed in sexual passion, when checked, easily becomes changed into Ojas; and so it is that they invariably insist in their disciples gathering up the sexual energy and converting it into Ojas. Thus we read:

It is only the chaste man and woman who can make the Ojas rise and become stored in the brain, and this is why chastity has always been considered the highest virtue. ... That is why in all the religious orders in the world that have produced spiritual giants, you will always find this intense chastity insisted upon. ...62 If people practise Raja-Yoga and at the same time lead an impure life, how can they expect to become Yogis?63 {80}

This argument would appear at first sight to be self-contradictory, and therefore fallacious, for, if to obtain Ojas is so important, how then can it be right to destroy a healthy passion which is the chief means of supplying it with the renewed energy necessary to maintain it? The Yogi’s answer is simple enough: Seeing that the extinction of the first would mean the ultimate death of the second the various Mudra exercises wee introduced so that this healthy passion might not only be preserved, but cultivated in the most rapid manner possible, without loss of vitality resulting from the practices adopted. Equilibrium is above all things necessary, and even in these early stages, the mind of the aspirant should be entirely free from the obsession of either ungratified or over-gratified appetites. Neither Lust nor Chastity should solely occupy him; for as Krishna says:

Verily Yoga is not for him who eateth too much, nor who abstaineth to excess, nor who is too much addicted to sleep, nor even to wakefulness, O Arjuna.

Yoga killeth out all pain for him who is regulated in eating and amusement, regulated in performing actions, regulated in sleeping and waking.64

This balancing of what is vulgarly known as Virtue and Vice,65 and which the Yogi Philosophy does not always appreciate, is illustrated still more forcibly in that illuminating work "Konx om Pax," in which Mr. Crowley writes:

As above so beneath! said Hermes the thrice greatest. The laws of the physical world are precisely paralleled by those of the moral and intellectual sphere. To the prostitute I prescribe a course of training by which she shall {81} comprehend the holiness of sex. Chastity forms part of that training, and I should hope to see her one day a happy wife and mother. To the prude equally I prescribe a course of training by which she shall comprehend the holiness of sex. Unchastity forms part of that training, and I should hope to see her one day a happy wife and mother.

To the bigot I commend a course of Thomas Henry Huxley; to the infidel a practical study of ceremonial magic. Then, when the bigot has knowledge of the infidel faith, each may follow without prejudice his natural inclination; for he will no longer plunge into his former excesses.

So also she who was a prostitute from native passion may indulge with safety in the pleasure of love; and she who was by nature cold may enjoy a virginity in no wise marred by her disciplinary course of unchastity. But the one will understand and love the other.66

Once and for all do not forget that nothing in this world is permanently good or evil; and, so long as it appears to be so, then remember that the fault is the seer’s and not in the thing seen, and that the seer is still in an unbalanced state. Never forget Blake’s words:

"Those who restrain desire do so because theirs is weak enough to be restrained; and the restrainer or reason usurps its place and governs the unwilling."67 Do not restrain your desires, but equilibrate them, for: "He who desires but acts not, breeds pestilence."68 Verily: "Arise, and drink your bliss, for everything that lives is holy."69

The six acts of purifying the body by Hatha-Yoga are Dhauti, Basti, Neti, Trataka, Nauli and Kapâlabhâti,70 each of {82} which is described at length by Swâtmârân Swami. But the two most important exercise which all must undergo, should success be desired, are those of A’sana and Prânâyâma. The first consists of physical exercises which will gain for him who practises them control over the muscles of the body, and the second over the breath.

The A’sanas, or Positions.

According to the "Pradipika" and the "Shiva Sanhita," there are 84 A’sanas; but Goraksha says there are as many A’sana as there are varieties of beings, and that Shiva has counted eighty-four lacs of them.71 The four most important are: Siddhâsana, Padmâsana, Ugrâsana and Svastikâsana, which are described in the Shiva Sanhita as follows:72

The Siddhâsana. By "pressing with care by the (left) heel the yoni,73 the other heel the Yogi should place on the lingam; he should fix his gaze upwards on the space between the two eyebrows ... and restrain his senses."

The Padmâsana. By crossing the legs "carefully place the feet on the opposite thighs (the left on the right thing and vice versâ," cross both hands and place them similarly on the thighs; fix the sight on the tip of the nose."

The Ugrâsana. "Stretch out both the legs and keep them apart; firmly take hold of the head by the hands, and place it on the knees."

The Svastikâsana. "Place the soles of the feet completely under the thighs, keep the body straight and at ease."

For the beginner that posture which continues for the {83} greatest length of time comfortable is the correct one to adopt; but the head, neck and chest should always be held erect, the aspirant should in fact adopt what the drill- book calls "the first position of a soldier," and never allow the body in any way to collapse. The "Bhagavad-Gâta" upon this point says:

In a pure place, established in a fixed seat of his own, neither very much raised nor very low ... in a secret place by himself. ... There ... he should practise Yoga for the purification of the self. Holding the body, head and neck erect, immovably steady, looking fixedly at the point of the nose and unwandering gaze.

When these posture have been in some way mastered, the aspirant must combine with them the exercises of Prânâyâma, which will by degrees purify the Nâdi or nerve-centres.

These Nâdis, which are usually set down as numbering 72,000,74 ramify from the heart outwards in the pericardium; the three chief are the Ida, Pingala and Sushumnâ,75 the last of which is called "the most highly beloved of the Yogis."

Besides practising Prânâyâma he should also perform one {84} or more of the Mudras, as laid down in the "Hatha Yoga Pradipika" and the "Shiva Sanhita," so that he may arouse the sleeping Kundalini, the great goddess, as she is called, who sleeps coiled up at the mouth of the Sushumnâ. But before we deal with either of these exercises, it will be necessary to explain the Mystical Constitution of the human organism and the six Chakkras which constitute the six stages of the Hindu Tau of Life.

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE HUMAN ORGANISM

Firstly, we have the Âtman, the Self or Knower, whose being consists in a trinity in unity of, Sat, Absolute Existence; Chit, Wisdom; Ananda, Bliss. Secondly, the Anthakârana or the internal instrument, which has five attributes according to the five elements, thus:

             Spirit  .  Atma.
             Air  .  .  Manas.76  The mind or thought faculty.
1. Spirit. { Fire .  .  Buddhi.  The discriminating faculty.
             Water   .  Chittam.77  The thought-stuff.
             Earth   .  Ahankâra.  Egoity.
2. Air.  The five organs of knowledge.  Gnanendriyam.
3. Fire.  The five organs of Action.  Karmendriyam.
4. Water.  The five subtle airs or Prânas.
5. Earth.  The five Tatwas.

The Atma of Anthakârana has 5 sheaths, called Kos’as.78 {85}

1. Anandamâyâkos’a, Body of Bliss, is innermost.  It is still an illusion.
      Atma, Buddhi and Manas at most participate.
2. Manomâyâkos’a.  The illusionary thought-sheath including Manas, Buddhi,
      Chittam, and Ahankâra in union with one or more of the Gnanendriyams.
3. ViññanaMâyâkos’a.  The consciousness sheath, which consists of Anthakârana
      in union with an organ of action of of sense—Gnan- and Karm-
      endriyam.
4. Prânâmâyâkos’a.  Consists of the five airs.  Here we drop below
      Anthakârana.
5. Annamâyâkos’a.  Body of Nourishment.  The faculty which feeds on the five
      Tatwas.

Besides these there are three bodies or Shariras.

1. Karana Sharira. The Causal body, which almost equals the protoplast.
2. Sukshma Sharira. The Subtle body, which consists of the vital airs, etc.
3. Sthula Shirara.  The Gross body.

THE CHAKKRAS

According to the Yoga,79 there are two nerve-currents in {86} the spinal column called respectively Pingala and Ida, and between these is placed the Sushumnâ, an imaginary tube, at the lower extremity of which is situated the Kundalini (potential divine energy). Once the Kundalini is awakened it forces its way up the Sunshumnâ,80 and, as it does so, its progresses is marked by wonderful visions and the acquisition of hitherto unknown powers.

The Sushumnâ is, as it were, the central pillar of the Tree of Life, and its six stages are known as the Six Chakkras.81 To these six is added a seventh; but this one, the Shasr?ra, lies altogether outside the human organism.

These six Chakkras are:

1. The Mûlâdhara-Chakkra. This Chakkra is situated between the lingam and the anus at the base of the Spinal Column. It is called the Adhar-Padma, or fundamental lotus, and it has four petals. "In the pericarp of the Adhar lotus there is the triangular beautiful yoni, hidden and kept secret in all the Tantras." In this yoni dwells the goddess Kundalini; she surrounds all the Nadis, and has three and a half coils. She catches her tail in her own mouth, and rests in the entrance of the Sushumnâ82 {87}

58. It sleeps there like a serpent, and is luminous by its own light ... it is the Goddess of speech, and is called the vija (seed).

59. Full of energy, and like burning gold, know this Kundalini to be the power (Shakti) of Vishnu; it is the mother of the three qualities—Satwa (good), Rajas (indifference), and Tamas (bad).

60. There, beautiful like the Bandhuk flower, is placed the seed of love; it is brilliant like burnished gold, and is described in Yoga as eternal.

61. The Sushumnâ also embraces it, and the beautiful seed is there; there it rests shining brilliantly like the autumnal moon, with the luminosity of millions of suns, and the coolness of millions of moons. O Goddess! These three (fire, sun and moon) taken together or collectively are called the vija. It is also called the great energy.83

In the Mûlâdhara lotus there also dwells a sun between the four petals, which continuously exudes a poison. This venom (the sun-fluid of mortality) goes to the right nostril, as the moon-fluid of immortality goes to the left, by means of the Pingala which rises from the left side of the Ajna lotus.84

The Mûlâdhara is also the seat of the Apâna.

2. The Svadisthâna Chakkra. This Chakkra is situated at the base of the sexual organ. It has six petals. The colour of this lotus is blood-red, its presiding adept is called Balakhya and its goddess, Rakini.85

He who daily contemplates on this lotus becomes an object of love and adoration to all beautiful goddesses. He fearlessly recites the various Shastras {88} and sciences unknown to him before ... and moves throughout the universe.86

This Chakkra is the seat of the Sam?na, region about the navel and of the Apo Tatwa.

3. The Manipûra Chakkra. This Chakkra is situated near the navel, it is of a golden colour and has ten petals (sometimes twelve), its adept is Rudrakhya and its goddess Lakini. It is the "solar-plexus" or "city of gems," and is so called because it is very brilliant. This Chakkra is the seat of the Agni Tatwa. Also in the abdomen burns the "fire of digestion of food" situated in the middle of the sphere of the sun, having ten Kalas (petals)....87

He who enters this Chakkra

Can made gold, etc., see the adepts (clairvoyantly) discover medicines for diseases, and see hidden treasures.88

4. The Anahata Chakkra. This Chakkra is situated in the heart, it is of a deep blood red colour, and has twelve petals. It is the seat of Prâna and is a very pleasant spot; its adept is Pinaki and its goddess is Kakini. This Chakkra is also the seat of the Vâyu Tatwa.

He who always contemplates on this lotus of the heart is eagerly desired by the daughters of gods ... has clairaudience, clairvoyance, and can walk in the air.... He sees the adepts and the goddesses.... 89

5. The Vishuddha Chakkra. This Chakkra is situated in the throat directly below the larynx, it is of a brilliant gold {89} colour and has sixteen petals. It is the seat of the Udana and the Âkâsa Tatwa; its presiding adept is Chhagalanda and its goddess Sakini.

6. The Ajna Chakkra. This Chakkra is situated between the two eyebrows, in the place of the pineal gland. It is the seat of the Mano Tatwa, and consists of two petals. Within this lotus are sometimes placed the three mystical principles of Vindu, Nadi and Shakti.90 "Its presiding adept is called Sukla-Mahakala (the white great time; also Adhanari—‘Adonai’) its presiding goddess is called Hakini."91

97. Within that petal, there is the eternal seed, brilliant as he autumnal moon. The wise anchorite by knowing this is never destroyed.

98. This is the great light held secret in all the Tantras; by contemplating on this, one obtains the greatest psychic powers, there is no doubt in it.

99. I am the giver of salvation, I am the third linga in the turya (the state of ecstasy, also the name of the thousand petalled lotus.92 By contemplating on This the Yogi becomes certainly like me.93


DIAGRAM 83.
The Yogi (showing the Cakkras).

{Illustration facing page 90 described:

"DIAGRAM 83. The Yogi (showing the Cakkras)."

This is a half tone of a black line vertical rectangle with a white or gray interior. The lower 3/5’s of the rectangle is occupied by a frontal nude man exactly as described in the Padmasana Asana described on page 83. He is bald. The six chakras are depicted as abstract devices at the positions described in the above text.

Muladhara is placed at the intersection of the crossed ankles, with a bit of the left ankle showing above and the symbol extending below the ankles: A dark disk with four petals created by the intersection of to vesicas, one horizontal and the other vertical. The area of intersection is white, the petals outside each have a radial rib which stops at the arc of the intersection of the vesicas. There is an upright equilateral black triangle in the center of the intersection, small circle with central dot inside that.

Svadisthana is placed at the lower pelvis, shown just above the crossed ankles. It is not in a circle or disk, but is composed of three intersecting vesicas forming a curved sided hexagonal shape with "points" to top and bottom. The intersections of adjacent vesicas form white spaces of three arcs. The combined intersection of all vesicas forms an area of distinct color with a dark, vertical and linear hexagram. There is a small white circle with center point in the midst of this.

Manipura is placed at the center of the abdomen. It is contained in a 20- pointed white star, outline only and giving the appearance of a ring. Within this is a black disk. Within the black disk is a figure constructed of five intersecting vesicas, in a similar fashion to the description for the Svadisthana but forming a curved sided decagonal shape with "points" to the top and bottom. Where only two vesicas intersect, the space is dark. Where three vessicas intersect, the space is light. Where four vesicas intersect, the space is dark again. Where all five vesicas intersect, there is a different shade used, and in the midst of this is a vertical ten-pointed star of lines with a white circle and central dot in the midst.

Anahata is placed in the center of the thorax. It is not in a circle, but is composed of six intersecting vesicas forming a curved sided duo-dacagonal shale of twelve "petals" with points to top and bottom. The outer, mono- vesical parts are gray, two vesicas intersect in white, three in gray. All other intersections are in a common space to the center, defined by a circle and a different shade of gray. Free-standing in the center of this is a ring of twelve shapes, with radials going outward to cut the space into an inner ring of twelve five curved-sided and inward pointed irregular pentagons. This inner ring of twelve petals contains a 12 sided star with points at top and bottom, defining the divisions of the irregular pentagons. The center is an approximate white circle with point in center.

Vishuddha is placed at the base of the throat. It is composed of a star ring of sixteen gray leaves with single radial ribs, one leaf to the top. Within this is a ring of sixteen white petals with dots in the lower lobe, petals to top and bottom. The center as for Anahata, but sixteenfold.

Ajna on forehead. This is a more western symbol, two upward curving wings of seven primary feathers and a more complex array of secondaries, curving to the outside and coming to two points just above the top of the head. These join in two white featherlets a semicircular curve at the base, just above the brows. There is a stylized descending gray dove in the midst, just above the lower white featherlets. A white light seems to be seen through the backs of the wings just above the dove. For the meaning of the symbolism of these "closed" wings, see the footnote below, page {147} in the Equinox.

The upper 2/5’s of the space contains a large circular device, representing the Shasrara. This looks a bit like the head of a thistle and has 72 elongated spikes emanating outward in a circle to define the outer edge of the next inward feature, a white ring. The spikes have rounded bottoms with a dot in the center of each, and there are 72 lines drawn radiating outward between them, one between each pair. Five of these spikes touch and pass behind the head. Within the white ring are 13 concentric rings of petals, 11 in the innermost and the number of petals increasing as the rings go outward. The second petal ring from the center has 22, the next outward about 44. After that the number of petals ceases doubling, but increases more slowly. Theoretically there is a total of 1000 such petals in all, but I didn’t count them all. In the center there is a white circle with a crescent moon in gray inside, horns upward—this would be the 1,001st petal.}

The Sushumnâ following the spinal cord on reaching the Brahmarandhra (the hole of Brahman) the junction of the sutures of the skull, by a modification goes to the right side of the Ajna lotus, whence it proceeds to the left nostril, and is called the Varana, Ganges (northward flowing Ganges) or Ida. By a similar modification in the opposite direction the {90} Sushumnâ goes to the left side of the Ajna lotus and proceeding to the right nostril is called the Pingala. Jamuna or Asi. The space between these two, the Ida and Pingala, is called Varanasi (Benares), the holy city of Shiva.

111. He who secretly always contemplates on the Ajna lotus, at once destroys all the Karma of his past life, without any opposition.

121. Remaining in the place, when the Yogi meditates deeply, idols appear to him as mere things imagination, I.e., he perceives the absurdity of idolatry.94

The Sahasrâra, or thousand-and-one-petaled lotus of the brain, is usually described as being situated above the head, but sometimes in the opening of the Brahmarandhra, or at the root of the palate. In its centre there is a Yoni which has its face looking downwards. In the centre of this Yoni is placed the mystical moon, which is continually exuding an elixir or dew95 --- this moon fluid of immortality unceasingly flows through the Ida.

In the untrained, and all such as are not Yogis, "Every particle of this nectar (the Satravi) that flows from the Ambrosial Moon is swallowed up by the Sun (in the Mûlâdhara Chakkra)96 and destroyed, this loss causes the body to become old. If the aspirant can only prevent this flow of nectar by closing the hole in the palate of his mouth (the Prahmarandra), he will be able to utilize it to prevent the waste of his body. By (91) drinking it he will fill his whole body with life, and "even though he is bitten by the serpent Takshaka, the poison does not spread throughout his body."97

Further the "Hatha Yoga Pradipika" informs us that: "When one has closed the hole at the root of the palate ... his seminal fluid is not emitted even through he is embraced by a young and passionate woman."

Now this gives us the Key to the whole of this lunar symbolism, and we find that the Soma-juice of the Moon, dew, nectar, semen and vital force are but various names for one and the same substance, and that if the vindu can be retained in the body it may by certain practices which we will now discuss, be utilized in not only strengthening but in prolonging this life to an indefinite period.98 These practices are called the Mudras, they are to be found fully described in the Tantras, and are made us of as one of the methods of awakening the sleeping Kundalini.99

There are many of these Mudras, the most important being the Yoni-Mudra, Maha Mudra, Maha Bandha, Maha Vedha, Khechari, Uddiyana, Mula and Salandhara Bandha, Viparitakarani, Vajroli and Shakti Chalana.

1. The Yoni Mudra.

With a strong inspiration fix the mind in the Adhar lotus; then engage in contracting the yoni (the space between the lingam and anus). After which contemplate that the God of love resides in the Brahma-Yoni, and imagine that an union takes place between Shiva and Shakti.

A full account of how to practise this Mudra is given in the "Shiva Sanhita";100 but it is both complicated and difficult to carry out, and if attempted should most certainly be performed under the instruction of a Guru.

2. Maha Mudra.

Pressing the anus with the left heel and stretching out the right leg, take hold of the toes with your hand. Then practise the Jalandhara Bandha101 and draw the breath through the Sushumnâ. Then the Kundalini become straight just as a coiled snake when struck.... Then the two other Nadis (the Ida and Pingala) become dead, because the breath goes out of them. Then he should breathe out very slowly and never quickly.102

3. Maha Bandha.

Pressing the anus with the left ankle place the right foot upon the left thigh. Having drawn in the breath, place the chin firmly on the breast, contract the anus and fix the mind on the Sushumnâ Nadi. Having restrained the breath as long as possible, he should then breathe out slowly. He should practise first on the left side and then on the right.103

4. Maha Vedha.

As a beautiful and graceful woman is of no value without a husband, so Maha Mudra and Maha Bandha have no value without Maha Vedha.

The Yogi assuming the Maha Bandha posture, should draw in his breath {93} with a concentrated mind and stop the upward and downward course of the Prânâ by Jalandhara Bandha. Resting his body upon his palms placed upon the ground, he should strike the ground softly with his posteriors. By this the Prânâ, leaving Ida and Pingala, goes through the Sushumnâ. ... The body assumes a death-like aspect. Then he should breathe out.104

5. Khechari Mudra.

The Yogi sitting in the Vajrâsana (Siddhâsana) posture, should firmly fix his gaze upon Ajna, and reversing the tongue backwards, fix it in the hollow under the epiglottis, placing it with great care on the mouth of the well of nectar.105

6. Uddiyana Mudra.

The drawing up of the intestines above and below the navel (so that they rest against the back of the body high up the thorax) is called Uddiyana Bandha, and is the lion that kills the elephant Death.106

7. Mula Mudra.

Pressing the Yoni with the ankle, contract the anus and draw the Apâna upwards. This is Mula Bandha.107

8. Jalandhara Mudra.

Contract the throat and press the chin firmly against the breast (four inches from the heart). This is Jalandhara Bandha. ...108

9. Viparitakarani Mudra.

This consists in making the Sun and Moon assume exactly reverse positions. The Sun which is below the navel and the Moon which is above the palate change places. This Mudra {94} must be learnt from the Guru himself, and though, as we are told in the "Pradipika," a theoretical study of crores of Shastras cannot throw any light upon it, yet nevertheless in the "Shiva Sanhita" the difficulty seems to be solved by standing on one’s head.109

10. Shakti Chalana Mudra.

Let the wise Yogi forcibly and firmly draw up the goddess Kundalini sleeping in the Adhar lotus, by means of the Apana-Vâyu. This is Shakti- Chalan Mudra. ...110

The "Hatha Yoga Pradipika" is very obscure on this Mudra, it says:

As one forces open a door with a key, so the Yogi should force open the door of Moksha (Deliverance) by the Kundalini.

Between the Ganges and the Jamuna there sits the young widow inspiring pity. he should despoil her forcibly, for it leads one to the supreme seat of Vishnu.

You should awake the sleeping serpent (Kundalini) by taking hold of its tail....111

As a special form of Kumbhaka is mentioned, most probably this Mudra is but one of the numerous Prânâyâma practices, which we shall deal with shortly.

11. The Vajroli-Mudra.

In the "Shiva Sanhita"112 there is a long account of this Mudra in which the God says: "It is the most secret of all {95} the secrets that ever were or shall be; therefore let the prudent Yogi keep it with the greatest secrecy possible." It consists chiefly in uniting the linga and yoni, but in restraining the vindu.113

If by chance the Vindu begins to move let him stop it by practice of the Yoni Mudra. ... After a while let him continue again ... and by uttering the sound "hoom," let him forcibly draw up through the contraction of the Apana Vâyu the germ cells. ...

Know Vindu to be moon-like, and the germ cells the emblem of the sun; let the Yogi make their union in his own body with great care.114

I am the Vindu, Shakti is the germ fluid; when they both are combined, then the Yogi reaches the state of success, and his body becomes brilliant and divine.

Ejaculation of Vindu is death, preserving it within is life. ... Verily, verily, men are born and die through Vindu. ... The Vindu causes the pleasure and pain of all creatures living in this world, who are infatuated and subject to death and decay.115

There are two modifications of the Vajroli Mudra; namely, Amarani and Sahajoni. The first teaches how, if at the time of union there takes place a union of the sun and moon, the lunar flux can be re-absorbed by the lingam. And the second how this union may be frustrated by the practice of Yoni Mudra.

These practices of Hatha Yoga if zealously maintained bring forth in the aspirant psychic powers known as the Siddhis,116 the most important of which are (1) Anima (the {96} power of assimilating oneself with an atom). (2) Mahima (the power of expanding oneself into space). (3) Laghima (the power of reducing gravitation). (4) Garima (the power of increasing gravitation). (5) Prapti (the power of instantaneous travelling). (6) Prakamya (the power of instantaneous realization). (7) Isatva (the power of creating). (8) Vastiva (the power of commanding and of being obeyed).117

The Prâna.

We now come to the next great series of exercises, namely those which control the Prâna (breath); and it is with these exercises that we arrive at that point where Hatha Yoga merges into Raja Yoga, and the complete control of the physical forces gives place to that of the mental ones.

Besides being able by the means of Prânâyâma to control the breath, the Yogi maintains that he can also control the Omnipresent Manifesting Power out of which all energies arise, whether appertaining to magnetism, electricity, gravitation, nerve currents or thought vibrations, in fact the total forces of the Universe physical and mental.

Prâna, under one of its many forms118 may be in either a static, dynamic, kinetic or potential state, but, notwithstanding the form it assumes, it remains Prâna, that is in common language the "will to work" within the Âkâsa, from which it evolves the Universe which appeals to our senses.

The control of this World Soul, this "will to work" is {97} called Prânâyâma. And thus it is that we find the Yogi saying that he who can control the Prâna can control the Universe. To the perfect man there can be nothing in nature that is not under his control.

If he orders the gods to come, they will come at his bidding. ... All the forces of nature will obey him as his slaves, and when the ignorant see these powers of the Yogi, they call them miracles.119

PRÂNÂYÂMA

The two nerve currents Pingala and Ida correspond to the sensory and motor nerves, one is afferent and the other efferent. The one carries the sensations to the brain, whilst the other carries them back from the brain to the tissues of the body. The yogi well knows that this is the ordinary process of consciousness, and from it he argues that, if only he can succeed in making the two currents, which are moving in opposite directions, move in one and the same direction, by means of guiding them through the Sushumnâ, he will thus be able to attain a state of consciousness as different from the normal state as a fourth dimensional world would be from a third. Swami Vivekânanda explains this as follows:

Suppose this table moves, that the molecules which compose this table are moving in different directions; if they are all made to move in the same direction it will be electricity. electric motion is when the molecules all move in the same direction. ... When all the motions of the body have become perfectly rhythmical, the body has, as it were, become a gigantic battery of will. This tremendous will is exactly what the Yogi wants.120

And the conquest of the will is the beginning and end of Prânâyâma. {98}

Arjuna says: "For the mind is verily restless, O Krishna; it is impetuous, strong and difficult to bend, I deem it as hard to curb as the wind."

To which Krishna answers; "Without doubt, O mighty-armed, the mind is hard to curb and restless, but it may be curbed by constant practice and by indifference."121

The Kundalini whilst it is yet coiled up in the Mûlâadhara is said to be in the Mahâkâsa, or in three dimensional space; when it enters the Sushumnâ it enters the Chittâkâsa or mental Space, in which supersensuous objects are perceived. But, when perception has become objectless, and the soul shines by means of its own nature, it is said to have entered the Chidâkâsa or Knowledge space, and when the Kundalini enters this space it arrives at thee end of its journey and passes into the last Chakkra the Sahasrâra. Vishnu is United to Devaki or Shiva to Shakti, and symbolically, as the divine union takes place, the powers of the Ojas rush forth and beget a Universe unimaginable by the normally minded man.122 {99}

How to awake the Kundalini is therefore our next task.

We have seen how this can partially be done by the various Mudra exercises, but it will be remembered that the Shakti Chalana mentioned the practice of Kumbhaka or the retention of breath. Such an exercise therefore partially falls under the heading of Prânâyâma.

It is a well-known physiological fact that the respiratory system, more so than any other, controls the motions of the body. Without food or drink we can subsist many days, but stop a man’s breathing but for a few minutes and life becomes extinct.123 The air oxydises the blood, and it is the clean red blood which supports in health the tissues, nerves, and brain. When we are agitated our breath comes and goes in gasps, when we are at rest it becomes regular and rhythmical.

In the "Hatha Yoga Pradipika" we read:

He who suspends (restrains) the breath, restrains also the working of the mind. He who has controlled the mind, has also controlled the breath.

      .      .      .      .      .      .      .      .      .

If one is suspended, the other also is suspended. If one acts, the other also does the same. If they are not stopped, all the Indriyas (the senses) keep actively engaged in their respective work. If the mind and Prâna are stopped, the state of emancipation is attained.124

There are three kinds of Prânâyâma: Rechaka Prânâyâma (exhaling the breath), Puraka Prânâyâma (inhaling the breath), and Kumbhaka Prânâyâma (restraining the breath). The first kind consists in performing Rechaka first; the second in doing Puraka first; and the third in suddenly stopping the breath without Puraka and Rechaka.125 {100}

Kumbhaka is also of two kinds—Sahita and Kevala. The Sahita is of two sorts, the first resembling the first kind of Prânâyâma, namely Rechaka Kumbhaka Puraka; the second resembling the second kind of Prânâyâma, namely Puraka Kumbhaka Rechaka. The Sahita should be practised till the Prâna enters the Sushumnâ, which is known by a peculiar sound126 being produced in the Sushumnâ; after which the Kevala Kumbhaka should be practised. This Kumbhaka is described in the "Hatha-Yoga Pradipika" as follows:

When this Kumbhaka has been mastered without any Rechaka or Puraka, there is nothing unattainable by him in the three worlds. He can restrain his breath as long as he likes through this Kumbhaka.

He obtains the stage of Raja-Yoga. Through this Kumbhaka, the Kundalini is roused, and when it is so roused the Sushumnâ is free of all obstacles, and he has attained perfection in Hatha-Yoga.127

Of the many Prânâyâma exercises practised in the East the following are given for sake of example.

1. Draw in the breath for four seconds, hold it for sixteen, and then throw it out in eight. This makes one Prânâyâma.

At the same time think of the triangle (The Mûlâdhara Chakkra is symbolically represented as a triangle of fire) and concentrate the mind on that centre. At the first practice this four times in the morning and four times in the evening, and as it becomes a pleasure to you to do so slowly increase the number.

2. Assume the Padmâsana posture; draw in the Prâna through the Ida (left nostril), retain it until the body begins to perspire and shake, and then exhale it through Pingala (right nostril) slowly and never fast. {101}

He should perform Kumbhakas four times a day—in the early morning, midday, evening, and midnight—till he increases the number to eighty.128

This will make 320 Kumbhakas a day. In the early stages the Prâna should be restrained for 12 matras (secondes) increasing as progress is made to 24 and to 36.

In the first stage, the body perspires; in the second, a tremor is felt throughout the body; and in the highest stage, the Prâna goes to the Brahmarandhra.129

This exercise may also be practised with an additional meditation on the Pranava OM.

3. Close with the thumb of your right hand the right ear, and with that of the left hand the left ear. Close with the two index fingers the two eyes, place the two middle fingers upon the two nostrils, and let the remaining fingers press upon the upper and the lower lips. Draw a deep breath, close both the nostrils at once, and swallow the breath. ... Keep the breath inside as long as you conveniently can; then expire it slowly.130 {102}

PRATYÂHARÂ

The next step in Raja Yoga is called Pratyâhâra, or the making of the mind introspective, by which the mind gains will to control the senses and to shut out all but the one object it is concentrating upon.

He who has succeeded in attaching or detaching his mind to or from the centres of will, has succeeded in Pratyâhâra, which means "gathering towards," checking the outgoing powers of the mind, freeing it from the thraldom of the senses. When we can do this we shall really possess a character; then alone we shall have made a long step towards freedom; before that we are mere machines.131

The absorption of the mind in the ever-enlightened Brahman by resolving all objects into Âtman, should be known as Pratyâhâra.132

The mind in ordinary men is entirely the slave of their senses. should there be a noise, man hears it; should there be an odour, man smell it; a taste, man tastes it; by means of his eyes he sees what is passing on around him, whether he likes it or not; and by means of his skin he feels sensations pleasant or painful. But in none of these cases is he actually master over his senses. The man who is, is able to accomodate his senses to his mind. To him no longer are external things necessary, for he can stimulate mentally the sensation desired. he can hear beautiful sounds without listening to beautiful music, and see beautiful sights without gazing upon them; he in fact becomes the creator of what he wills, he can exalt his imagination to such a degree over his senses, that by a mere act of imagination he can make those senses instantaneously respond to his appeal, for he is lord over the senses, {103} and therefore over the universe as it appears, though not as it is.

The first lesson in Pratyâhâra is to sit still and let the mind run on, until it is realized what the mind is doing, when it will be understood how to control it. Then it will find that the thoughts which at first bubbled up, one over the other, become less and less numerous; but in their place will spring up the thoughts which are normally sub-conscious. As these arise the Will of the aspirant should strangle them; thus, if a picture is seen, the aspirant by means of his will should seize hold of it before it can escape him, endow it with an objectivity, after which he should destroy it, as if it were a living creature, and have done with it. After this mastership over the senses has been attained to, the next practice namely that of Dhâranâ must be begun.

DHÂRANÂ

"when the chitta, or mind stuff, is confined and limited to a certain place, this is called Dhâranâ."

"The Steadiness of the mind arising from the recognition of Brahma, wherever it travels or goes, is the real and great Dhâranâ."133 {104}

The six Chakkras are points often used by the Yogi when in contemplation. Thus seated in the Padmâsana he will fix his attention in the Ajna lotus, and by contemplating upon this light the "Shiva Sanhita"134 informs us "all sins (unbalanced forces) are destroyed, and even the most wicked (unbalanced) person obtains the highest end."

Those who would practise Dhâranâ successfully should live alone, and should take care to distract the mind as little as possible. They should not speak much or work much, and they should avoid all places, persons and food which repel them.135 The first signs of success will be better health and temperament, and a clearer voice. Those who practise zealously will towards the final stages of Dhâranâ hear sounds as of the pealing of distant bells,136 and will see specks of light floating before them which will grow larger and larger as the concentration proceeds. "Practice hard!" urges Swami Vivekânanda, "whether you live or die, it does not matter. You have to plunge in and work, without thinking of the result. If you are brave enough, in six months you will be a perfect Yogi."137

DHYÂNA.

After Dhâranâ we arrive at Dhyâna, or meditation upon the outpouring of the mind on the object held by the will.138 {105} when once Dhâranâ or concentration has progressed so far as to train the mind to remain fixed on one object then Dhyâna or meditation may be practised. And when this power of Dhyâna becomes so intensified as to be able to pass beyond the external perception and brood as it were upon the very centre or soul of the object held by the will, it becomes known as Samâdhi or Superconsciousness. The three last stages Dhâranâ, Dhyâna and Samâdhi, which are so intimately associated, are classed under the one name of Samyâma.139

Thus meditation should rise from the object to the objectless. Firstly the external cause of sensations should be perceived, then their internal motions, and lastly the reaction of the mind. By thus doing will the Yogi control the waves of the mind, and the waters of the great Ocean will cease to be disturbed by their rise and fall, and they will become still and full of rest, so that like a mirror will they reflect the unimaginable glory of the Âtman.

And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. And I John saw the holy City, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.140 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them and be their God. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.141

{106}

Compare this with the following:

That which is the night of all beings, for the disciplined man is the time of waking; when other beings are waking, then is it night for the Muni who seeth.

He attaineth Peace, into whom all desires flow as rivers flow into the ocean, which is filled with water but remaineth unmoved—not he who desireth desires.

He who, through the likeness of the Âtman, O Arjuna, seeth identity in everything, whether pleasant or painful, he is considered a perfect Yogi.142

Now that we have finished our long account of the Vedânta Philosophy and the theories of Yoga which directly evolved therefrom, we will leave theory alone and pass on to practical fact, and see how Frater P. Turned the above knowledge to account, proving what at present he could only believe.

The following is a condensed table of such of his meditation practices as have been recorded between January and April 1901.

OBJECT MEDITATED UPON. TIME. REMARKS.
Winged-Globe.143 4 min. The entire meditation was bad.
Tejas Âkâsa.144 3 " There was no difficulty in getting the object clear; but the mind wandered.
Apas-Vâyu145 ? " Result not very good.
Winged-Globe and Flaming Sword.146 ? " Meditation on both of these was only fair.
Pendulum147 (E).148 ? " Good as regards plane kept by the pendulum; but thoughts wandered.
Winged-Globe. ? " The result was pretty good.
Tejas-Vâyu (E). ? " Fair.
Ankh149 (a green). ? " Not bad.
Pentagram (E). ? " Rather good.
The L. I. L.150 (E). ? " Burning till extinct. Rather good, but oil level descended very irregularly.151
Cross. ? " Result fair.
Cross. 10 m. 15 s. Three breaks.
Isis152 (E). 18 m. 30 s. Five breaks. A very difficult practice, as Isis behaved like a living object.153
Winged-Globe. 29 m. Seven breaks. Result would have been much better but for an epicene enuch with an alleged flute. My mind revolved various methods of killing it.
Tejas-Âkâsa. 18 " Seven breaks.
R. R. et A. C.154 19 " Seven breaks.
Pendulum. ? " After 3 m. lost control and gave up.
Winged-Globe. (E). 10 " Ten breaks.155


DIAGRAM 84.
The Five Tattwas, with their twenty-five sub-divisions.

{Illustration facing page 108 partly approximated and partly described:

"DIAGRAM 84.  The Five Tatwas, with their twenty-five sub-divisions."

╔--------------Đ--------------Đ--------------Đ--------------Đ--------------╗
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║ {fat spindle │ {circle in   │ {Crescent    │ {Square in   │ {Equilateral ║
║  outline w.  │  outline}    │  Moon in     │  outline}    │  triangle in ║
║  points vert.│              │  outline w.  │              │  outline w.  ║
║  "egg"}      │              │  horns up}   │              │  point up}   ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║   Âkâsa      │    Vayu      │    Apas      │   Prithivi   │Tejas or Agni ║
ă______________┼______________┼______________┼______________┼______________Â
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║ {Egg inside  │ {Circle in   │ {Crescent in │ {Square in   │ {Triangle in ║
║   egg}       │  egg}        │  egg}        │  egg}        │  egg}        ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║ Âkâsa-Âkâsa  │ Âkâsa-Vayu   │ Âkâsa-Apas   │Âkâsa-Prithivi│ Âkâsa-Tejas  ║
ă______________┼______________┼______________┼______________┼______________Â
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║ {Egg inside  │  {Circle in  │  {Crescent   │ {Square in   │ {Triangle in ║
║  circle}     │   circle}    │   in circle} │  circle}     │  circle}     ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║ Vayu-Âkâsa   │  Vayu-Vayu   │  Vayu-Apas   │Vayu-Prithivi │ Vayu-Tejas   ║
ă______________┼______________┼______________┼______________┼______________Â
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║ {Egg in      │  {Circle in  │ {Crescent    │  {Square in  │ {Triangle in ║
║  crescent}   │   crescent}  │  in crescent}│   crescent}  │  crescent}   ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║ Apas-Âkâsa   │  Apas-Vayu   │  Apas-Apas   │Apas-Prithivi │ Apas-Tejas   ║
ă______________┼______________┼______________┼______________┼______________Â
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║ {Egg in      │  {Circle in  │ {Crescent    │  {Square in  │ {Triangle in ║
║  square}     │   square}    │  in crescent}│   square}    │  square}     ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║              │              │              │Prithivi-     │              ║
║Prithivi-Âkâsa│Prithivi-Vayu │Prithivi-Apas │     Prithivi │Prithivi-Tejas║
ă______________┼______________┼______________┼______________┼______________Â
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║ {Egg in      │  {Circle in  │ {Crescent in │  {Square in  │ {Triangle in ║
║  triangle}   │   triangle}  │  triangle}   │   triangle}  │  triangle}   ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║              │              │              │              │              ║
║ Tejas-Âkâsa  │  Tejas-Vayu  │ Tejas-Apas   │Tejas-Prithivi│ Tejas-Tejas  ║
╚--------------¤--------------¤--------------¤--------------¤--------------╝

}
OBJECT MEDITATED UPON. TIME. REMARKS.
Black egg and white ray between pillars156 (E). 10 " Five breaks.
Golden Dawn Symbol157 (E). ? " Very bad. Bad cold, dust, shaking, etc., prevented concentration158
Golden Dawn Symbol (E). 10 " Four breaks.
R. R. et A. C. 23 " Nine breaks.

Against this particular practice P. wrote: "I think breaks are longer in themselves than of old; for I find myself concentrating on them and forgetting the primary altogether. But I have no means of telling how long it is before the error is discovered."

Some very much more elaborate and difficult meditations were attempted by P. at this time; in nature they are very similar to many of St. Loyola’s. We give the account in his own words:

I tried to imagine the sound of a waterfall. This was very difficult to get at; and it makes one’s ears sing for a long time afterwards. If I really got it, it was however not strong enough to shut outer physical sounds. I also tried to imagine the "puff-puff" of an engine. This resulted better than the last, but it caused the skin of my head to commence vibrating. I then tried to imagine the taste of chocolate; this proved extremely difficult; and after this the ticking of a watch. This proved easier, and the result was quite good; but there was a tendency to slow up with the right ear, which however was easy to test by approaching a watch against the ear."159

During this whole period of rough travel, work is fatiguing, difficult and uncertain. Regularity is impossible, as regards hours and even days, and the {109} mind, being so full of other things, seems to refuse to compose itself. Nearly always I was too tired to do two (let alone three) meditations; and the weariness of the morrow was another hostile factor. Let me hope that my return here (Mexico City) will work wonders.

Three days after this entry on a certain Wednesday evening we find a very extraordinary mental experiment recorded in P.’s diary.

D. A. made to P. the following suggestion for a meditation practice.

1. Imagine that I am standing before you in my climbing clothes.

2. When you have visualized the figure, forbid it to move its limbs, etc.

3. Then allow the figure to change, as a whole, its illumination, position and appearance.

4. Carefully observe and remember any phenomenon in connection therewith.

All this P. attempted with the following result:

The figure of D.A.: leaning on an ice-axcw was clearly seen, but at first it was a shade difficult to fix.

The figure at once went 35 to my left, and stayed there; then I observed a scarlet Tiphereth above the head and the blue path of ג (gimel) going upwards. Around the head was bluish light, and tiphereth was surrounded by rays as of a sun. I then noticed that the figure had the power to reduplicate itself at various further distances; but the main figure was very steady.

Above and over the figure there towered a devil in the shape of some antediluvian beast. How long I mentally watched the figure I cannot say, but after a period it became obscure and difficult to see, and in order to prevent it vanishing it had to be willed to stay. After a further time the Plesiosaurus (?) above the figure became a vast shadowy form including the figure itself.

The experiment being at an end D. A. put the following question to P. "How do you judge of distance of secondary replicas of me?"

P. answered: "By size only."

D. A. comments on the above were as follows:

1. That the test partially failed.

2. That he expected his figure to move more often.160{110}

3. the vast shadowy form was very satisfactory and promising.161


DIAGRAM 85.
Aura of Heaving Surfaces.

On the following day P. records first: Meditation upon Winged-Glob to compose himself. He then imagined D. A. sitting forward with his arms around his knees and his hands clasped. Around the figure was an aura of heaving surfaces, and then a focussing movement which brought the surfaces very close together. "The figure then started growing rapidly in all dimensions till it reached a vast form, and as it grew it left behind it tiny emaciated withered old men sitting in similar positions, but with changed features, so much so that I should think it were due to other reasons besides emaciation."

{Illustration on page 111 described.

"DIAGRAM 85.  Aura of Heaving Surfaces."

  This is a depiction of three curved arrows about a central pattern of dots.
In the dot pattern there are five dots horizontal in the center, two arched
rows of three immediately above and below, then two dots above and below the
three and lastly one dot above center and one below.  The whole dot pattern
gives the appearance of the intersection of three lines at equal angles,
composed of five dots each, the central dot common to all.  The curved arrow
lines are positioned like a trefoil or a three-bladed ship’s propeller.  One
issues from just right of the base of the dots, curves clockwise outward and
inward to a height about that of the top dot in the central pattern, but a
distance equal to the diameter of the dot pattern from it horizontally.  The
top curved arrow line extends from just above and outward from the left end of
the horizontal five row (extending the curve would intersect the left-most
dot.  The last curved arrow line completes the set, all trilatterly symmetric,
with pointed buts, wide central thickness, then narrow to the curved chevron
of the arrow head.  If the outer curves of the arrow lines were circumscribed
at tangents, the resulting circle would have a diameter five times that of a
circle passing through the most extended dots of the central pattern.}

D. A. considered this meditation very satisfactory, but that nevertheless P. should attempt it again the next day.

This, however, was impossible; as on the next day, Friday, he was suffering severely from headache and neuralgia; so instead, in order to compose himself, he meditated upon a cross for an hour and a quarter.

The next living object meditation he attempted is described in the diary as follows:

To meditate upon the image of D. A. sitting with his hands on his knees like a God.162 Spirals were seen moving up him to a great height, and then descending till they expanded to a great size. Besides this no other change took place.

D. A.’s comments on these remarkable experiments are as follows:

The hidden secret is that the the change of size and distance is not in accordance with optical laws. No one has kept living objects "dead still."163 One of two things may occur:

(a) The figure remains in one spot, but alters in size.

(b) The figure remains same apparent size, but alters in distance.{111}

Further that the Yogi theories on this experiment were:

(1) That a living object is the reflection of the Actual, the living object being purely unreal.

(2) That from this type of meditation can be discovered the character of the person meditated upon.

   e.g.  Q.  Is A. pious?
           A.  If he grows large, yes he is very pious.
           Q.  Is B. a villain?
           A.  If he shrivels, he is a small villain, not a man to be afraid of.

Also of ordinary occult things—e.g. change of face, expressions, etc. There are also further theories regarding the disintegration of man. Theories concerning the danger of this process to the meditator and meditatee alike.164

The next practice was to meditate upon the image of D. A. standing.

The figure remained in the same place, but altered much like a form reflected in glasses of various curves. The general tendency was to increase slightly, but the most fixed idea was of a figure about 9 feet high but of normal breadth. Next, of normal height and of about double normal breadth.

D. A.’s comment on this meditation was that the result was not good.

This practice was attempted again on the following day: and resulted in many superposed images of various sizes and at various distances. One of the figures had moustaches like the horns of a buffalo. The expression of the figures became bold and fierce; especially at four feet distance, where there were two very real images, one small and one large respectively. The comment of D. A. on this meditation was that it was most clear, and represented complete success.

On the fifteenth of April 1901 we find P. writing in his diary:

"I agree to project my astral to Soror F.165 in Hong-Kong every Saturday evening at nine o’clock, which should ready her at 4.6 p.m. on Sunday by Hong- Kong time. She is to start at 10 a.m. Sunday by Hong-Kong time to reach me by 12.2 p.m. Saturday.

These spirit journeys were to commence on the 31st of {112} May; but this date seems to have been anticipated, for two days later we read the following:

10 p.m. Enclosing myself in an egg of white light I travelled to Hong- Kong. This city is white and on a rocky hill, the lower part is narrow and dirty. I found F. in a room of white and pale green. She was dressed in a white soft stuff with velvet lapels. We conversed awhile. I remember trying to lift a cloisonn? vase from the shelf to a table, but cannot remember whether I accomplished the act or not. I said "Ave Soror" aloud (and I think audibly) and remained some time.166

This astral projection is an operation of Chokmah; for the Chiah must vivify the Nephesch shell. After returning P. records that on his journey back he saw "his Magical Mirror of the Universe very clearly in its colours."

Towards the end of April P. drew up for himself the following daily Task:

(1) To work through the first five of the seven mental operations.167

(2) The assumption of God forms.168

(3) To meditate on simple symbols with the idea of discovering their meaning.

(4) Rising on planes.

(5) Astral Visions.169

(6) Adonai ha Aretz.170 {113}

(7) Meditation practices on men and things171

(8) Elemental evocations.172

(9) Meditation to vivify telesmata173

(10) Astral projections174

PHYSICAL WORK.

(2) Careful drawings of the Gods in their colours.

(6) Figure of Adonai ha Aretz in colour. [See Illustration.] {114}


DIAGRAM 86
The Flashing Figure of Adonai-ha-Aretz.

{Illustration facing page 114 described:

"DIAGRAM 86.  The Flashing Figure of Adonai-ha-Aretz."

   This is a black, gray and white illustration in a large vertical rectangle.
The field is black.  Inside and at the bottom are these words in Hebrew
letters, the line of letters arched downward: צ ר א  ה 
י נ ד א .  The rest of the figure is as described in the last note on
page 113:
"A winged crown radiating white brilliance."—three hollow triangles
visible with a pair of inverted wings coming up like antlers to either side.
The white brilliance is represented by 35 visible shaded beams radiating in
all directions from the center of the crown band, behind it and stopping only
at the clouds emanating from behind the knees.
"The head and neck of a beautiful woman with a stern and fixed expression, and
hair long dark and waving."—as described, but crude features are depicted.
The hair comes down in two loose falls resembling braids to the waist on
either side of the torso.
"The arms and hands, which are bare and strong, stretched out to the right and
left at right angles to the body, in the left hand a gold cup and in right
ears of ripe corn."—The hands are clenched about these objects, palmer to
the fore.  The Cup is ornamented by vertical, narrow bulges about the bowl.
The corn is British corn or wheat.
"From her shoulders dark spreading wings."—as described, feathers depicted
with primaries and secondaries.
"A deep yellow-green robe, upon the breast of which is a square gold lamen
decorated with four scarlet Greek crosses."—as described, the robe is very
loose and is parted to show the lamen on what appears to be the bare chest.
The Greek crosses look indented.  There is a rim and a simple cross quartering
the lamen into four sub-panels for the Greek crosses.
"Round her waist is a broad gold belt upon which in scarlet letters is written
the name צראהינדא in the letters of the
alphabet of Honorius." —That is ztrahjnda, on
the drawing.  This is written in the wrong direction for the alphabet of
Honorius.
"Her feet are flesh coloured, and she wears golden sandals." —as
described, the sandals are open strap with two or three cross straps and a
single long strap.
"Her long yellow-green drapery is rayed with olive," —looks like silk
harem pants.
"and beneath her feet roll black clouds lit with lurid patches of colour." ---
these are most oddly depicted.  Starting at the area behind the knees, there
is a stretched out cloud with most of its bulk upwards to the center; it cuts
off the radiant beams from the crown.  There are two patchy clouds to the left
on the illustration and three to the right below this large one.  The figure
is walking on something that looks like a cross between a dried lotus seed pod
and a transected mud-daubber nest.}

(8) Completion of Watch-towers and instruments.175

(9) The making of simple talismans.

During each day this programme of work was to be divided as follows:

(1) In the Morning the ש of ש Operation, and Assumption of a God- form.

(2) Before Tiffin. An Astral projection practice.

(3) After Tiffin. Rising on a plane, or Vision, or Adonai ha Aretz.

(4) In the Evening. A magical ceremony of same sort, or any of above except astral projection.176

On March the 3rd we find P. wanderingamong the fastnesses of the Nevado de Colima. Here he lived for a fortnight, returning to Mexico City on the 18th only to leave it again two days later on an expedition to the Nevado de Touca. On the 16th of April he journeyed to Amecameca, from which place he visited Soror F., by projection, and thence up Popocatapetl, encamped on whose slopes he resolved the ש of ש into seven Mental Operations:

1. Ray of Divine White Brilliance descending upon the Akâsic Egg set between the two pillars.

2. Aspire by the Serpent, and concentrate on Flashing Sword. Imagine the stroke of the Sword upon the Daäth junction (nape of neck).

3. Make the Egg grow gray, by a threefold spiral of light.

4. Make the Egg grow nearly white. (Repeat spiral formula.)

5. Repeat 2. Above head. Triangle of Fire (red).

6. Invoke Light. Withdraw. See Golden Dawn Symbol.

7. Let all things vanish in the Illimitable Light.

On the 22nd of April P., having bidden farewell to D. A., who had been to him both friend and master, left for San Francisco. {115}

At this city, on the first of May, he solemnly began anew the Operations of the Great Work, and bought a steel rod for a wand, and tools to work it. On the second he bought gold, silver, and a jewel wherewith to make a Crown; and on the third set sail for Japan.

During the voyage the following practices have been recorded:

May 4th.  Prithivi-Apas.177  45 m.
             Also went on an Astral Journey to Japan.  In which I found myself
          crossing great quantities of Coral-pearl entangled with seaweed and
          shells.  After having journeyed for some time I came to a spot where
          I saw the form of a King standing above that of Venus who was
          surrounded by many mermaids; they all had the appearance of having
          just been frozen.  Above the nymphs bowing towards them were many
          pale yellow angels chained together, and amongst them stood
          Archangels of a pale silver which flashed forth rays of gold.  Above
          all was the Formless Light.  The Archangels showed me curious types
          of horned beings riding along a circle in different directions.
    5th.  Concentration on           This resulted in many strange dreams.
            Position 1.178
    6th.  Concentration on   32 m.   Ten breaks.  Better towards the end; but
            Position 1.                best after tenth break.  Concentration
                                       must have then lasted quite 6 or 7
                                       minutes.
    7th.  Position 1.        15 m.   Three breaks, but end very doubtful
                                       having become very sleepy.
          Position 1.         6 m.   Three breaks.  I seemed to collapse
                                       suddenly.
            Went to Devachan179 on Astral Journey.  I found myself surrounded
          {116} by a wonderful pearly lustre, and then among great trees
          between the branches of which bright birds were flying.  After this
          I saw a captain on his ship and also a lover contemplating his
          bride.  The real inhabitants of this land to which I went were as of
          flame, and the imaginary ones were depicted as we physical beings
          are.  Then the images of my vision sped past me rapidly.  I saw a
          mountaineer; my father preaching with me in his old home; my mother,
          his mother; a man doing Rajayoga on white god-form.  At last a wave
          of pale light, or rather of a silky texture passed through and over
          me; then one of the strange inhabitants passed through me
          unconscious of me, and I returned.
          Golden Dawn symbol.     14 m.  Three breaks.
May 8th.  Position 1.             22 m.  Seven breaks.
          Calvary Cross.          50 m.  Did I go to sleep?
   11th.  Designed Abarahadabra
            for a pantacle.180
   12th.  I performed a Magic Ceremonial at night, followed by attempt at
          Astral Projection.  I prefer the Esoteric Theosophist Society’s
          seven-fold division for these practical purposes.  I think Physical
          Astral Projection should be preceded by a (ceremonial) "loosening of
          the girders of the soul."181  How to do it is the great problem.  I
          am inclined to believe in drugs—if one only knew the right drug.
   13th.  Drew a pantacle.
   16th.  Painted wicked black-magic pantacle.
          Held a magical ceremony in the evening.
          Lesser banishing Ritual of Pentagram and Hexagram.
          Invocation of Thoth and the Elements by Keys 1-6182 and G∴ D∴
            Opening Rituals.
          Consecrated Lamen Crown and Abrahadabra Wand with great force.
   16th.  Did the seven ש  of ש  Operations.
          Worked at a Z for 5 = 6 Ritual.183
   17th.  Position 1.  12 m.  Not good.
          Evening Invocation of Mercury, Chokmah and Thoth.
   18th.  Completed Z for 5 = 6 Ritual.  {117}
May 19th.   1.  Assumption of the god-form of Harpocrates: It lasted nine
          minutes: the result was good, for I got a distinct aura around me.
            2.  Physical Astral Projection.  I formed a sphere which took a
          human shape but rather corpse-like.  I then projected a gray184 ray
          from the left side of my head; this was very tiring and there was no
          result physically.
            3.  Concentrated on imaginary self for ten minutes, and then
          projected self into it with fearful force.  Chiah "nearly" passed.185
            4.  Red sphere "darkened" and glorified and return to lighten
          Tiphereth.  The result was good.
   20th.    1.  Tejas-Apas Meditation.
            2.  Meditation on living object with the usual two figure result.
            3.  Astral Vision.186  I found myself in a boiling sea with
          geysers spouting around me.  Suddenly monsters shaped like lions and
          bulls and dragons rose from the deep, and about them sped many fiery
          angels, and Titanic god-forms plunged and wheeled and rose amongst
          the waters.  Above all was built a white temple of marble through
          which a rose-flame flickered.  there stood Aphrodite with a torch in
          one hand and a cup in the other,187 and above her hovered
          Archangels.  Then suddenly all was an immense void, and as I looked
          into it I beheld the dawn of creation.  Gusts of liquid fire flamed
          and whirled through the darkness.  Then nothing but the brilliance
          of fire and water.  I was away fifteen minutes.
            4.  Seven minutes breathing exercise fifteen seconds each way.
          (Breathing in, withholding, and breathing out.)
            5.  White Lion on Gray.     5 m.  Result bad.
   21st.  Position 1.                  45 m.  Fair.
            Worked out a "double" formula for Physical Astral Projection.
          First project with Enterer Sign; simulacrum answers with Harpocrates
          sign.188  Then as soon as Enterer sign weakens change consciousness
          as for Astral Visions.  After which attack body from Simulacrum
          {118} with sign of Enterer to draw force.  This cycle repeat until
          Simulacrum is at least capable of audible speech.
            I tried this and started by invoking the forces of Chokmah and
          Thoth, but omitted stating purpose of Operation in so many words.
          Yet with three projections (each way) I obtained a shadowy grayness
          somewhat human in shape.  But found difficulty where least expected
         —in transferring consciousness to Simulacrum.
May 22nd. God-form Thoth.    16 m.  Result fair.
            Âkâsa-Âkâsa.  During the meditation the following Vision was seen.
          All things around me were surrounded by silver flashes or streaks.
          But about the human corpse which I saw before me was a pyramid of
          flashing light, and around me purple hangings.  Five silver
          candlesticks were brought in, and then I saw a throne with pentagram
          in white brilliance above it.  There was a rose of five by five
          petals within; and above Qesheth the rainbow.  Rising from the
          ground were formless demons—all faces!  Even as X. A. R. P.189
          etc., are evil.  Above were the Gods of E. H. N. B.; and above them
          svastika wheels whirling, and again above this the Light ineffable.
    24th. Green ankh.            7 m.   Poor. 
          Worked at 5=6 explanation. 
          Cross in Brilliance.  10 m.   Medium result. 
          Thoth in front of me.  5 m.   Poor. 
June 3rd.   Astral Vision. Dressed in white and red Abramelin robes with crown, 
          wand, ankh, and rose-cross, etc., etc., went on an Astral Journey to {119} 
          Hong-Kong. I found Soror F. sitting or kneeling in a temple. On 
          the Altar were elemental instruments also Symbol of Golden Dawn. 
          She was waiting in awe, almost in fear. On my entering she saw me 
          and started. Then I heard the words "carry it" or "wish to carry"; 
          apparently with reference to idea of carrying away a physical token. 
          The room was full of incense, which I took to materialize myself. At 
          the time I was very tired and really not fit to travel. 
June 15th.  The Buddha appeared to me in the Northern Heaven and said: 
          "Fear not for money.190 Go and work, as thou hast intended." "I go." 
July 14th. Triangle of Fire.     10 m.  Middling to bad. 
           Winged-Globe.          6 m.  Not good. 
           R.R. et A.C.           ?     Fairly good. 
           [Somewhere on this journey (Yokohama to Hong-Kong BECAME 
             the GREAT PEACE. 
     15th. R.R. et A.C.         16 m.   An improvement. 
     16th. Svastika.             6 m.   Very poor. 
           R.R. et A.C.          4 m.   Very bad. 
           H.P.K.191            10 m.   Better. 
           Pentagram.           16 m.   Not at all bad. 
     18th. Calvary Cross.       15 m.   Bad, but I was very sleepy. 
           H.P.K. on lotus.     16 m.   Ten breaks; very strictly counted.
           R.R. et A.C.          8 m.   One break. Got very sleepy; but 
                                          this seems surprisingly good. 
           Scarlet Sphere       10 m.   Good. One or two breaks only. 
              Operation 
              (Tiphereth) 
           Buddha position.      5 m.   Hopeless; I was nearly asleep. 
     19th. Winged-Globe.         9 m.   Five breaks. 
           H.P.K. on Lotus.      9 m.   Five breaks. The God was not very clear. 
           R.R. et A.C.          8 m.   Bad. 
           Position I.          13 m.   Middling. 
           Thoth.                ?      Hopelessly sleepy. 
              Attempted meditation on solar spectrum as a band. By working {120} 
           at each colour separately, or lighting each one by one, it is not bad; 
           but taken altogether is no good. 
July 20th. Thoth.               10 m.   Rather poor. 
           Cross.               15 m.   Not very good. 
           Golden Dawn          10 m.   Not good. 
             Symbol. 
             [My thought seems terribly wandering nowadays.] 
           Isis.                19 m.   Not so bad. 
           Winged-Globe.        12 m.   Bad, sleepy. 
     23rd. Triangle of Fire     15 m.   Very wandering. 
             with Cross in 
             centre. 
           Abrahadabra          17 m.   Pretty good, though perhaps the whole 
            pantacle.                     was hardly ever absolutely clear. 
     25th. Tried Physical Astral Projection twice. In the first one the person 
           employed to watch my beloved Soror F. saw physical arm " "bent" 
           whilst my own was straight. 
     26th. I did the H.P.K. ritual at night to enter into the silence. I think 
           the result was rather good. 
     27th. Nirvana.192          38 m.   If I was not asleep, result pretty good. 
           White circle.        13 m.   Fair. 
            [This day I got my first clear perception "in consciousness"193 of 
           the illusory nature of material objects.] 
           H.P.K. on Lotus.     17 m.   Good, as I employed my identity to 
                                          resolve problems.194 
           R.R. et A.C.          5 m.   Very bad. 
     28th. Nirvana.             15 m. 
           Calvary Cross.       24 m.   Ten breaks. Never got settled till 
                                         after 8 breaks. 
     29th. Rising on planes. Malkuth to Kether; this took thirty-six minutes. 
             The result was not very good.
           Calvary Cross.       22 m.   Four breaks.
     30th. Buddha               15 m. 
           Calvary Cross.       11 m.   Five breaks, but had headache.{121} 
             One hundred indrawn breaths in reclining position with belt on. 
           7 minutes 50 seconds. (4-7 secs. per breath.) 
             Ten indrawn breaths as slow as possible 7 m. 26 sec. (44.6 secs. 
           per breath.) 
July 31st. Went to sleep doing Buddha. 
           Buddha. 32 m. It seemed much more. 
           Pendulum 1,000     23½ m.    The pendulum kept in its plane,195 At 
             single strokes.                end of 940 strokes pendulum wanted 
                                            to swing right over several times. 
           Calvary Cross.                 Too tired to settle at all. 
August 1st. Position 1.         10 m.     Not bad. 2nd. 
           Buddha.               8 m.     It seems very difficult nowadays to 
                                            settle down. 
           Red Cross.           22 m.     Ten breaks. 
           Nirvana.196          13 m.     Not bad. 
             I tried to put (astrally) a fly on a man’s nose. It seemed to 
           disturb him much; but he did not try to brush it off. 
             Tried the the same with Chinaman, great success. 
             Tried to make a Chinaman look round, instant success. 
             Tried the same with a European, but failed. 
      3rd. Tried in vain two "practical volitions" but was too unwell to do 
             any work. 
      4th. Nirvana, Selfish-    28 m. 
             ness, Magical 
             Power Hiero- 
             phantship, etc. 
              After this meditation I arrived at the following decision: I must
           not cling to the Peace.197 It certainly has become real to me, but if {122} 
           I make a God of it it will become but an illusion. I am ready to 
           receive the Magical Power as I should not abuse it. I must needs 
           accomplish the Finished Work. 
           Buddha.              33 m.      The best Meditation I have so far 
                                            done. I regard this as a "real" medi-
                                            tation; for 13 minutes quite forgot 
                                            time. 
           Rose on planes of T’Y’s’T’G’K198 from Malkuth to Kether. 
August 5th. Meditated on Thoth concerning Frater I.A. 
      6th. Arrived at Colombo. 

We now arrive at another turning-point in the progress of P. Up to the first of this year 1901 he had studied Western methods of Magic alone, from this date, at first under the tuition of D.A., and then solely under his own mastership, he had begun to study Raja Yoga, practising meditation and a few simple breathing exercises. Now he was going, if not entirely under a Guru, to work daily with one with whom he had, before his departure from England, carried out so many extraordinary magical operations. And this one was no other than Frater I.A.

On account of ill health Frater I.A. had journeyed to Ceylon to see if a warmer climate would not restore to him what a colder one had taken away; and now, that once again his old friend P. had joined him, these two determined to work out the Eastern systems under an Eastern sky and by Eastern methods alone.

On the 1st of August we find P. writing:

"I exist not: there is no God: no place: no time: wherefore I exactly particularize and specify these things." And {123} five days later he began what he called "The Writings of Truth." Before we begin these, it will be necessary to enter upon the doctrines of Buddhism at some little length, for Frater I.A. was now at heart a follower of gotama, being rather disgusted with his Tamil Guru; and under his guidance it was that P. grasped the fundamental importance of Concentration through mediation.

THE DOCTRINES OF BUDDHISM

Having sat for seven long years under the Bôdhi tree Gotama opened his eyes and perceiving the world of Samsâra199 exclaimed: "Quod erat demonstrandum!" True, he had attained to the spotless eye of Truth and had become Buddha the Enlightened One; he had entered the Nothingness of Nibbâna,200 and had become one with the Uncreated and the Indestructible. And now he stood once again on the shore line of existence and watched the waves of life roll landwards, curve, break and hiss up the beach only to surge back into the ocean from which they came. He did not deny the existence of the Divine, (how could he when he had become one with it?) but so filled was he with the light of Amitâbha,201 that he fully saw that by Silence alone could the world be saved, and that by the denial of the Unknowable of the uninitiate, the Kether, the Âtman, the First Cause, the God of the unenlightened, could he ever hope to draw mankind to that great illimitable LVX, from which he had {125} descended a God-illumined Adept. he fully realized that to admit into his argument the comment of God was to erase all hope of deliverance from the text, and therefore, though he had become The Buddha, nevertheless, in his selflessness he stooped down to the level of the lowest of mankind, and abandoning as dross the stupendous powers he had acquired, helped his fellows to realize the right path by the most universal of all symbols the woe of the world, the sorrow of mankind.

Like the Vedântist, he saw that the crux of the whole trouble was Ignorance (Avijjâ). Dispel this ignorance, and illumination would take its place, that insight into the real nature of things, which, little by little, leads the Aspirant out of the world of birth and death, the world of Samsâra, into that inscrutable Nibbâna where things in themselves cease to exist and with them the thoughts which go to build them up. Ignorance is the greatest of all Fetters, and, "he who sins inadvertently," as Nâgasena said, "has the greater demerit."

Enquiring into the particular nature of Ignorance Buddha discovered that the Tree of knowledge of Good and Evil had three main branches, namely: Lobha, Dosa and Moha; Craving, Passion and Delusion of elf, and that these three forms of Ignorance alone could be conquered by right understanding the Three Great Signs or Characteristics of all Existence, namely: Change, sorrow and Absence of an Ego—Anikka, Dukkha, and Anatta, which were attained by meditating on the inmost meaning of the Four Noble Truths:

"The Truth about Suffering; the Truth about the Cause of Suffering; the Truth about the Cessation of Suffering; and the Truth about the Path which leads to the Cessation of {126} Suffering." These consist of the above Three Characteristics with the addition of the Noble Eightfold Path, which contains as we shall presently see the whole of Canonical Buddhism.

Up to this point, save for the denial of the Ego, the whole of the above doctrine might have been extracted from almost any of the Upanishads. But there is a difference, and the difference is this. Though the Vedântist realized that Ignorance (Avidyâ) was the foundation of all Sorrow, and that all, possessing the essence of Change, was but illusion or Mâyâ, a matter of name and form;202 Buddha now pointed out that the true path of deliverance was through the Reason (Ruach) and not through the senses (Nephesh), as many of the Upanishads would give one to believe. Further, this was the path that Gotama had trod, and therefore, naturally he besought others to tread it. The Vedântist attempted to attain unity with the Âtman (Kether)203 by means of his Emotions (Nephesh) intermingled with his Reason (Ruach), but the Buddha by means of his Reason (Ruach) alone. Buddha attempted to cut off all joy from the world, substituting in its place an implacable rationalism, a stern and inflexible morality, little seeing that the sorrows of Earth which his system substituted in place of the joys of Heaven, though they might not ruffle his self-conquered self, must perturb the minds of his followers, {127} and produce emotions of an almost equal intensity through perhaps of an opposite character to those of his opponents. Yet nevertheless, for a space, the unbending Rationalism of his System prevailed and crushed down the Emotions of his followers, those Emotions which had found so rich and fertile as soil in the decaying philosophy of the old Vedânta. The statement in the Dhammapada that: "All that we are is the result of what we have thought: it is founded on our thoughts, it is made up of our thoughts:"204 is equally true of the Vedânta as it is of Buddhism. But, in the former we get the great doctrine and practice of the Siddhis directly attributable to a mastering of the emotions and then to a use of the same, which is strictly forbidden to the Buddhist, but which eventually under the Mahâyâna Buddhism of China and Tibet forced itself once again into recognition, and which, even as early as the writing of "The Questions of King Milinda," unless the beautiful story of the courtesan Bindumati be a latter day interpolation, was highly thought of under the name of an "Act of Truth." Thus, though King Sivi gave his eyes to the man who begged them of him, he received others by an Act of Truth, by the gift of Siddhi, or Iddhi as the Buddhists call it. An Act, which is explained by the fair courtesan Bindumati as follows. When King Asoka asked her by what power she had caused the waters of the Ganges to flow backwards. She answered:

Whosoever, O King, gives me gold be he a noble, or a brahman, or tradesman, or a servant I regard them all alike. when I see he is a noble I make no distinction in his favour. If I know him to be a slave I despise him {128} not. Free alike from fawning and from dislike do I do service to him who has bought me. This, your Majesty, is the basis of the Act of Truth by the force of which I turned the Ganges back.205

In other words, by ignoring all accidents, all matters of chance, and setting to work, without favour or prejudice, to accomplish the one object in view, and so finally "to interpret every phenomenon as a particular dealing of God with the soul." In truth this is an "Act of Truth," the Power begot by Concentration and nothing else.

We have seen at the commencement of this chapter how the Âtman (that Essence beyond Being and Not Being) allegorically fell by crying "It is I," and how the great Hypocrisy arose by supposing individual Âtmans for all beings, and things which had to incarnate again and again before finally they were swallowed up in the One Âtman of the Beginning. This individualistic Conception Gotama banned, he would have none of it; a Soul, a Spirit, a separate entity was anathema to him; but in overthrowing the corrupt Vedânta of the latter-day pundits, like Luther, who many centuries later tore the tawdry vanities from off the back of prostitute Rome, approximating his reformed Church to the communistic brotherhood of Christ, Gotama, the Enlightened One, the Buddha, now similarly went back to Vedic times and to the wisdom of the old Rishis. But, fearing the evil associations clinging to a name, he, anathematizing the Âtman, in {129} its place wrote Nibbâna, which according to Nâgasena is cessation,206 a passing away in which nothing remains, and end.207 Soon however, under Mahâyâna-Buddhism, was the Âtman to be revived in all its old glory under the name of Amitâbha, or that Source of all Light, which so enlightens a man who is aspiring to the Bodhi that he becomes a Buddha. "Amitâbha," so Paul Carus informs us, "Is the final norm of wisdom and of morality208 (sic), the standard of truth and of righteousness, the ultimate raison d’łtre of the Cosmic Order." This of course is "bosh." Amitâabha, as the Âtman, is "the light which shines there beyond the heaven behind all things, behind each in the highest worlds, the highest of all."209

Once logically having crushed out the idea of an individual soul, a personal God and then an impersonal God had to be set aside and with them the idea of a First Cause or Beginning; concerning which question Buddha refused to give an answer. For, he well saw, that the idea of a Supreme god was the greatest of the dog-faced demons that seduced man from the path. "There is no God, and I refuse to discuss what is not!" cries Buddha, "but there is Sorrow and I intend to destroy it." If I can only get people to start on the upward journey they will very soon cease to care if there is a God or if there is a No-God; but, if I give them the slightest cause to expect any reward outside cessation of Sorrow, it would set them all {130} cackling over the future like hens over a china egg, and soon they would be back at the old game of counting their chickens before they were hatched. he also must have seen, that if he postulated a God, or First Cause, every unfledged rationalist in Pâtaliputta would cry, "Oh, but what a God, what a wicked God yours must be to allow all this sorrow you talk of ... now look at mine ..." little seeing that sorrow was just the same with the idea of God as without it, and that all was indeed Moha or Mâyâ—both God and No-God, Sorrow and Joy.

But Buddha being a practical physician, thought he knew sorrow to be but a form of thought, was most careful in keeping it as real a calamity as he could; for he well say, that if he could only get people to concentrate upon Sorrow and its Causes, that the end could not be far off, of both Sorrow and Joy; but, if they began to speculate on its illusiveness, this happy deliverance would always remain distant. His business upon Earth was entirely a practical and exoteric one, in no way mystical; it was rational and not emotional, catholic and not secret.

What then is the Cause of sorrow? and the answer given by Gotama is: Karma or Action, which when once completed becomes latent and static, and according to how it was accomplished, when once again it becomes dynamic, is its resultant effect. Thus a good action produces a good reaction, and a bad one a bad one. This presupposes a code of morals, furnished by what?210 We cannot call it Âtman, Conscience, {131} of Soul; and a Selecting Power, which however is strenuously denied by the rigid law of Cause and Effect. However the mental eyes of the vast majority of his followers were not so clear as to pierce far into the darkness of metaphysical philosophy, and so it happened that, where the idealism of the Vedânta had failed the realism of Buddhism succeeded.211

This denial of a Universal Âtman, and a personal Âtman, soon brought the ethical and philosophical arguments of Gotama up against a brick wall (Kant’s "à priori"). As we have seen he could not prop up a fictitious beginning by the supposition of the former, and he dared not use Nibbâna as such, though in truth the Beginning is just as incomprehensible with out without an Âtman. But, in spite of his having denied the latter, he had to account for Causality and the transmission of his Good and Evil (Karma) by some means or another. Now, according to Nâgasena, the Blessed One refused to answer any such questions as "is the universe everlasting?" "Is it not everlasting?" "Has it an end?" "Has it not an end?" "Is it both ending and unending?" "Is it neither the one nor the other?" And further all such questions as "Are the soul and the body the same thing?" "Is the soul distinct from the body?" "Does a Tathâgata exist after death?" "Does he not exist after death?" "Does {132} he both exist and not exist after death?" "Does he neither exist nor not exist after death?" ... Because "the Blessed Buddhas lift not up their voice without a reason and without an object."212 But in spite of their being no "soul" "in the highest sense," 213 Gotama had to postulate some vehicle which would transmit the sorrow of one generation to another, of one instant of time to the next; and, not being able to use the familiar idea of Âtman, he instead made that of Karma do a double duty. "He does not die until that evil Karma is exhausted," says Nâgasena.214

Now this brings us to an extraordinary complex question, namely the "practical" difference between the Karma minus Âtman of the Buddhists and the Karma plus Âtman of the later Vedântists?

The Brahman’s idea, at first, was of one complete whole, this, as the comment supplanted the text, got frayed into innumerable units of Âtmans, which, on account of Karma, were born again and again until Karma was used up and the individual Âtman went back to the universal Âtman. Buddha erasing the Âtman, though he refused to discuss the Beginning, postulates Nibbâna as the end, which fact conversely also postulates the Beginning as Nibbâna. Therefore we have all things originating from an x sign, Âtman, Nibbâna, God, Ain or First Cause, and eventually returning to this primordial Equilibrium. The difficulty which now remains is the bridging over of this divided middle. To Gotama there is no unit, and existence per se is Ignorance caused as it were by a bad dream in the head of the undefinable Nibbâna; which itself, however, {133} is non-existent. Each man is, as it were, a thought in an universal brain, each thought jarring against the next and prolonging the dream. As each individual thought dies it enters Nibbâna and ceases to be, and eventually when all thoughts die the dream passes and Nibbâna wakes.215 This bad dream seems to be caused by a separateness of Subject and Object which means Sorrow; when sleep vanishes this separateness vanishes with it, things assume their correct proportion and may be equated to a state of bliss or Non-Sorrow.

Thus we find that Nirvana and Nibbâna are the same216 in {134} fact as in etymology, and that absorption into either the one or the other may be considered as re-entering that Equilibrium from which we originated.

The first and last words have been written on this final absorption by bother the Vedântist and the Buddha alike.

There no sun shines, no moon, nor glimmering star, nor yonder lightning, the fire of earth is quenched; from him, who alone shines, all else borrows its brightness, the whole world bursts into splendour at his shining.217

And—

There exists, O Brothers, a Realm wherein is neither Earth nor Water {135} neither Flame nor Air; nor the vast Aether nor the Infinity of thought, not Utter Void nor the co-existence of Cognition and Non-cognition is there: not this World nor Another, neither Sun nor Moon. That, Brothers, I declare unto you as neither a Becoming nor yet a Passing-away: not Life nor Death nor Birth; Unlocalised, Unchanging and Uncaused: That is the end of Sorrow.218

Gotama therefore had to hedge. Unquestionably the Soul-idea must go, but in order to account for the Universal law of Causation Karma must remain, and further, surreptitiously perform all the old duties the individual Âtman had carried out. He had abandoned the animism of a low civilization, it is true, but he could not, for a want of the exemption from morality itself, abandon the fetish of a slightly higher civilization, namely ethics. He saw that though mankind was tired of being ruled by Spirits, they were only too eager to be ruled by Virtues, which gave those who maintained these fictitious qualifications a sure standpoint from which to rail at those who had not. Therefore he banned Reincarnation and Soul and substituted in their place Transmigration and Karma (Doing) the Sankhârâ or Tendencies that form the character (individuality!) of the individual.

Ânanda Metteya in "Buddhism"219 explains transmigration in contradistinction to reincarnation as follows. Two men standing on the shore of a |lake witch the waves rolling land-wards. To the one who is unversed in science it appears that the wave travelling towards him retains its identity and shape, it is to him a mass of water that moves over the surface impelled by the wind. The other, who has a scientifically trained mind, knows that at each point upon the surface of the lake the particles of water are only rising and then falling in {136} their place, that each particle in turn is passing on its motion to its neighbours. To the first there is a translation of matter, to the second one of force. "The Vedântist has seen Substance, an enduring Principle, an Ens; the Buddhist only Qualities, themselves in all their elements ever changing, but the sum-total of their Doing passing steadily on, till the wave breaks upon Nibbâna’s shore, and is no more a wave for ever."

We have not space to criticise this, all we will ask is what is the difference between force and Matter, and if the annihilation of the one does not carry with it the annihilation of the other irrespective of which is first if either?

Ânanda Metteya carries his illustration further still.

John Smith, then, in a sense, is immortal; nay, every thought he thinks is deathless, and will persist, somewhere, in the depths of infinity. ... But it is not this part of his energy that results in the formation of a new being when he dies.... We may then consider the moment of John smith’s death.... During his life he has not alone been setting in vibration the great ocean of the Æther, he has been affecting the structure of his own brain. So that at the moment of his death all his own life, and all his past lives are existing pictured in a definite and characteristic molecular structure, a tremendous complicated representation of all that we have meant by the term John Smith the record of the thoughts and doings of unnumbered lives. Each cell of the millions of his brain may be likened to a charged leyden-jar, the nerve- paths radiating from it thrill betimes with its discharges, carrying its meaning through man’s body, and, through the Æther, even to the infinitude of space. When it is functioning normally, its total discharge is prevented, so that never at any time can more than a fraction of its stored up energy be dissipated. ... And then Death comes; and in the moment of its coming, all that locked up energy flames on the universe like a new-born star.220

Ânanda Metteya then in a lengthy and lucid explanation demonstrates how the light of a flame giving off the yellow light of sodium may be absorbed by a layer of sodium vapour, {137} so the Karma, released from the body of the dead man, will circle round until it finds the body of a new-born child tuned or syntonized to its particular waves. Now we are not concerned here with stray children who like the receivers of a wireless telegraph pick up either good or evil messages; but it is an interesting fact to learn that at least certain orthodox Buddhists attribute so complex and considerable a power to the brain, that by the fact of leaving one body that body perishes, and of entering another that body revives. Can it be that we have got back to our old friend the Prâna which in its individual form so closely resembles the individual Karma, and in its entirety the totality of Nibbâna? Let us turn to Brihadâranyaka Upanishad. There in 1, 6, 3. we find a mystical formula which reads Amritam satyena channam. This means "The immortal (Brahman) veiled by the (empirical) reality;" and immediately afterwards this is explained as follows: "The Prâna (i.e. the Âtman) to wit is the immortal, name and form are the reality; by these the Prâna is veiled." Once again we are back at our starting-point. To become one with the Prâna or Âtman is to enter Nibbâna, and as the means which lead to the former consisted of concentration exercises such as Prânâyâma, etc.; so now shall we find almost identical exercises used to hasten the Aspirant into Nibbâna.

Frater P. by now was well acquainted with the Yoga Philosophy, further he was beginning to feel that the crude Animism employed by many of its expounders scarcely tallied with his attainments. The nearer he approached the Âtman the less did it appear to him to resemble what he had been {138} taught to expect. Indeed its translation into worldly comments was a matter of education, so it came about that he discovered that the Great Attainment per se was identical in all systems irrespective of the symbol may sought it under. Thus Yahweh as a clay phallus in a band-box was as much a reality to the Jews of Genesis as Brahman in Brahma-loka was to the Aryas of Vedic India; that the vision of Moses when he beheld God as a burning bush is similar to the vision of the fire-flashing Courser of he Chaldean Oracles; and that Nibbâna the Non-existent is little removed, if at all, from the Christian heaven with its harps, halos and hovering angels. And the reason is, that the man who does attain to any of these states, on his return to consciousness, at once attributes his attainment to his particular business partner—Christ, Buddha, Mrs. Besant, etc., ets., and attempts to rationalize about the suprarational, and describe what is beyond description in the language of his country.

P., under the gentle guidance of Ânanda Metteya, at first found the outward simplicity most refreshing; but soon he discovered that like all other religious systems Buddhism was entangled in a veritable network of words. Realizing this, he went a step further than Gotama, and said: "Why bother about Sorrow at all, or about Transmigration? for these are not ’wrong viewyness,’ as Mr. Rhys Davids would so poetically put it, but matters of the Kindergarten and not of the Temple; matters for police regulation, and for underpaid curates to chatter about, and matters that have nothing to do with true progress." He then divided life into two compartments; into the first he threw science, learning, philosophy and all things built of words the toys of life; and into {139} the second The Invocations of Adonai the work of attainment.

Then he took another step forward. "Do as thou wilt!" Not only is Animism absurd, but so also is Morality; not only is Reincarnation absurd, but so also is Transmigration; not only is the Ego absurd, but so also is the Non-Ego; not only is Karma absurd, but so also is Nibbâna. For, all things and no-things are absurd save "I," who am soul and Body, Good and Evil, Sorrow and Joy, Change and Equilibrium; who in the temple of Adonai, am beyond all these, and by the fire side in my study Mr. X, one with each and all.

Thus it came about that the study of Buddhism caused Frater P. to abandon the tinsel of the Vedânta as well as its own cherished baubles, and induced him, more than ever, to rely on work and Work alone and not on philosophizing, moralizing and rationalizing. The more rational he became, the less he reasoned outwardly; and the more he became endowed with the Spirit of the Buddha in place of the vapourings of Buddhism, the more he saw that personal endeavour was the key; not the Scriptures, which at best could but indicate the way.

It (the Dharma) is to be attained to by the wise, each one for himself. Salvation rests on Work and not on Faith, not in reforming the so-called fallen, but in conquering one-self. "If one man conquer in battle a thousand times a thousand men: and another conquer but himself; he is the greatest of conquerors."221

This is the whole of Buddhism, as it is of any and all systems of self-control. {140}

Strenuousness is the Immortal Path sloth is the way of death. The Strenuous live always, the slothful are already as the dead.222

Impermanent are the Tendencies—therefore do ye deliver yourselves by Strenuousness.

Frater P. now saw more clearly than ever that this last charge of the Buddha was the one supremely important thing that he ever said. {141}

THE NOBLE EIGHTFOLD PATH

In place of producing a dissolution of the individual Âtman in the universal Âtman, the method of Buddha produced a submersion of Karma in the bournless ocean of Nibbâna.

In Chapter I of Book II of "The Questions of King Milinda" Nâgasena lays down that he who escapes rebirth does so through Wisdom (Paññâ) and Reasoning (Yonisomanasikâra) and by other "good Qualities." The Reason grasps the object and Wisdom cuts it off, whilst the good qualities seem to be the united action of these two, thus we get Good Conduct (Sîlam), Faith (Saddhâ), Perseverance (Viriyam), Mindfulness (Sati) and Meditation (Samâdhi), all of which rather than being separate states are but qualities of the one state of Meditation at various stages in that state of Samâdhi which Nâgasena calls "the leader" ... "All good qualities have meditation as their chief, then incline to it, lead up towards it, are as so many slopes up the side of the mountain of meditation."223 Just a Yama, Niyama, Prânâyama, Pratyâhâra, Dhâranâ and Dhyâna are of Samâdhi. Further Nâgasena says "Cultivate in yourselves O Bhikkhus, the habit of meditation. He who is established therein knows things as they really are."224

Under Faith, is classed Tranquillization (Sampasâdana) and {142} Aspiration (Sampakkhandana). Under Perseverance, the rendering of Support tension (Paggaha). Under Mindfulness, Repetition (Apilâpana) and "keeping up" (Upaganhana). Under Good Conduct, the whole of the Royal Road from Aspirant to Arahat The five Mortal Powers (Indriyabalâin); The seven Conditions of Arahatship (Bogghangâ); The Path, readiness of memory, (Satipatthâna); The four kinds of Right Exertion (Sammappadhâna); The four Stages of Ecstasy (Ghâna); The eight forms of spiritual Emancipation (Vimokhâ); The four modes of Self-Concentration (Samâdhi);225 The eight states of Intense contemplation (Samâpatti).

It would be waste of time to compare the above states with the states of the Hindu Yoga, or enumerate other similarities which exist by the score, but one point we must not overlook, and that is The Noble Eightfold Path, which contains the very essence of Gotama’s teaching, as he said:

There is a Middle Path, O monks, the Two Extremes avoiding, by the Tathâgata attained: a Path which makes for Insight and gives Understanding, which leads to Peace of Mind, to the Higher Wisdom, to the Great Awakening, to Nibbâna!226

Let us now examine these eight truths.227 The first is:

I. Right Comprehension or Right Views.

Right comprehension is the first practical step in carrying {143} out the Four Noble Truths, that is in the understanding of the Three Characteristics the three fundamental principles of Buddhism. Besides representing Malkuth, the four Noble Truths (viewed in an elementary manner) represent the four lower Sephiroth Malkuth, Yesod, Hod and Netzach, the state of Right Views carrying with its attainment a transcendency over all wrong views, that is to say all crude and unskilful views, all dogmas, assertions, all doubts, which are as unfertile as the elements are when uncombined, by applying to them what we have termed elsewhere the Pyrrhonic Serpent of Selection.

The attainment of Right Views is arrived at in three successive steps. (1) The Aspirant contemplates the ills of life; (2) he meditates upon them; (3) by strenuous will power he commences to strip the mind of the Cause of sorrow, namely Change.

During this stage a series of humiliations must be undergone, and, not only must the Nephesch be conquered, but also the lower states of the Ruach, until the illumination of the Second Noble Truth of the Eightfold Path shatter the step of Right Views which the Aspirant is standing upon just as the fire of God consumed the Elemental Pyramid the Tower of the Taro. Having attained to mastery over Right Comprehension the aspirant begins to see things not as they are but in their right proportions. His views become balanced, he enters Tiphareth, the Solar Plexus, "He sees naked facts behind the garments of hypotheses in which men have clothed them, and by which they have become obscured; and he perceives that behind the changing and conflicting opinions of men there are {144} permanent principles which constitute the eternal Reality in the Cosmic Order."228

In Tiphareth the aspirant attains to no less a state than that of conversation with his Holy Guardian Angel, his Jechidah, "The permanent principle behind the conflicting opinions." Once Right comprehension has been attained to, he has discovered a Master who will never desert him until he become one with him.

II. Right Resolutions or Right Aspirations.

Having perceived the changing nature of all things, even of men’s minds, and having acquired that glorified vision by which he can distinguish between the permanent and the impermanent, he aspires to the attainment of a perfect knowledge of that which is beyond change and sorrow, and resolves that he will, by strenuous effort,229 reach to the peace beyond; to where his heart may find rest, his mind become steadfast, untroubled, and serene.230

At this stage the Bodhi Satva of Work commences to revolve within the heart of the aspirant and to break up the harmony of the elements only to attune his aspirations for a time to a discord nobler than all harmony, and eventually to that Peace which passeth Understanding.

III. Right Speech.

Right Speech is a furthering of Right Aspirations. It consists of a discipline wherein a man not only converses with his Holy Guardian Angel, but outwardly and inwardly lives up to His holy conversation, turning his whole life into {145} one stupendous magical exercise to enter that Silence which is beyond all thought. IV. "Right Acts or Right Conduct." Having become obedient to his Holy Guardian Angel (the aspirant’s Spiritual Guru) or to the Universal Law as the Buddhist prefers to call it, man naturally enters the state of Right Conduct, which brings with it supernormal or magical powers. Self is now put aside from action as well as from speech, and the striver only progresses by a stupendous courage and endurance. The canonical Buddhists however strenuously deny the value of these magical powers, Iddhis or Siddhis, and attribute the purification of the striver, the attainment of the state of "stainless deeds," to the great love wherein he must now enshrine all things. In detail the differences between Buddhism and the Yoga are verbal; in essence, man, at this stage, becomes the lover of the World, and love is the wand of the Magician, that wand which conquers and subdues, vivifies, fructifies and replenishes the worlds, and like the Caduceus of Hermes it is formed of two twining snakes.

V. Right Livelihood.

Up to this stage man has been but a disciple to his Holy Guardian Angel, but now he grows to be his equal, and in the flesh becomes a flame-shod Adept whose white feet are not soiled by the dust and mud of earth. He has gained perfect control over his body and his mind; and not only are his speech and actions right, but his very life is right, in fact his actions have become a Temple wherein he can at will {146} withdraw himself to pray. He has become a priest unto himself his own Guardian, he may administer to himself the holy sacrament of God in Truth and in Right, he has become Exempt from the shackles of Earth. He is the Supreme Man, one step more he enters the Sanctuary of God and becomes one with the Brotherhood of Light.

Up to this stage progress has meant Work, work terrible and Titanic, one great striving after union which roughly may be compared to the five methods of Yoga.

From this fifth stage work gives place to knowledge, Qabalistically the aspirant enters Daäth.

VI. Right Effort. Man is now Master of Virtue and Vice and no longer their slave, servant, enemy or friend. The LVX has descended upon him, and just as the dew of the moon within the Sahasâra Chakkra falling upon the two-petaled Ajna-lotus causes the leaves to open out, so now does this celestial light lift him out and beyond the world, as wings lift a bird from the fields of earth, encompassing him, extending to his right hand and to his left like the wings of the Solar Globe which shut out from the ruby ball the twin serpents which twine beneath it.231

... Having purified himself, he understands the perfect life; being a doer of Holiness, he is a knower of Holiness; having practised Truth, he has become accomplished in the knowledge of Truth. He perceives the working of the inner Law of things, and is loving, wise, enlightened. And being loving, wise and (147) enlightened, he does everything with a wise purpose, in the full knowledge of what he is doing, and what he will accomplish. He wastes no drachm of energy, but dies everything with calm directness of purpose, and with penetrating intelligence. This is the stage of Masterly Power in which effort is freed from strife and error, and perfect tranquility of mind is maintained under all circumstances. He who has reached it, accomplishes everything upon which he sets his mind.232

VII. Right Thought.

So filled with Understanding is he now that he becomes, as it were, the actual mind of the universe, nothing remains uncomprehended; he comes face to face with his goal, he sees HIMSELF as one who gazes into a mirror.

VIII. Right Meditation, or the Right State of a Peaceful Mind.

The glass vanishes and with it the reflection, the illusion of Mara or of Mâyâ. He is Reality! He is Truth! He is Âtman! He is God. Then Reality vanishes. Truth vanishes. Âtman vanishes. God vanishes. He himself vanishes. He is past; he is present; he is future. He is here, he is there. He is everything. he is nowhere. He is nothing. he is blessed, he has attained to the Great Deliverance. He IS; he IS NOT. He is one with Nibbâna.233 {148-149}

THE WRITINGS OF TRUTH234

The seeker after Wisdom, whose Bliss is non-existence, the Devotee of the Most Excellent Bhâvani,235 the Wanderer in the Samsâra Câkkra, the Insect that crawls on Earth, on Seb beneath Nuit, the Purusha beyond Ishwara: He taketh up the Pen of the Ready Writer, to record those Mysterious Happenings which came unto him in His search for Himself. And the beginning is of Spells, and of Conjurations and of Evocations of the Evil Ones: Things Unlawful to write of, dangerous even to think of; wherefore they are not here written. But he beginneth with his sojourning in the Isle of Lanka:236 the time of his dwelling with Mâitrânanda Swâmi.237 Wherefore, O Bhâvani, bring Thou all unto the Proper End! To Thee be Glory—OM.

On the 6th of August P. landed in Colombo, and on the following day he went to see his old friend Frater I.A. who was now studying Buddhism with the view of becoming a Buddhist monk. On this vary day he commenced, or rather continued his mediation practices; for we hind him trying with Mâitrânanda the result of speech as a disturbing factor in Dhâranâ (meditation). the experiment was as follows: P. sat and meditated for five minutes on a white Tau (T) during which Mâitrânanda spoke six times with the object of {150} seeing if it would interrupt P.’s meditation. The result on the first occasion was a bad break; second, two bad breaks; third to sixth, no breaks occurred. At the end of the experiment P. was able to repeat all Mâitrânda had said except the last remark.238

August 
 9th. Practised Mental Muttering of the Mantra: "Namo Shivaya Namaha 
      Aum." I found that with Rechaka the voice sounds as if from the Con-
      fines of the Universe: but with Puraka as if from the third eye. Whilst 
      doing this in the Saivite Â’sana239 I found the eyes, without conscious 
      volition, are drawn up and behold the third eye. (Ajna Chakkra.) 
10th. A day of revelation of Arcana. Ten minutes Â’sana and breathing exer-
      cise. Latter unexpectedly trying. Also practised Mental Muttering 
      whilst in Â’sana. Repeating "Namo Shivaya Aum," which takes, 
      roughly 86 seconds for 50 repetitions, "i.e." about 1,000 in half an hour. I 
      practised this Mantra for thirty minutes: 10 minutes aloud; 10 minutes in 
      silence; 10 minutes by hearing.240 
11th. Recited the Mantra for about 1 ½ hour while painting a talisman.{151} 
      It was on this day I got a broken-bell-sound241 in my head when not doing 
      anything particular. 
August
12th. Â’sana and Breathing 10 minutes. One fears to do Rechaka, so tremendous 
      and terrible is the Voice of the Universe. But with Puraka is a still small 
      Voice. concerning which Mâtrânanda said to me: "Listen not to that 
      Great and terrible Voice: but penetrate and hear the subtle soul thereof." 
13th. Prânâyâma: Five cycles 5 minutes 15 seconds. Mantra (N.S.N.A.)242 Half an 
      hour. Ears begin to sing at about the twentieth minute. Towards the 
      end I heard a soft sound as of a silver tube being struck very gently with a 
      soft mallet. 

These sounds are known as the Voice of the Nada, and are a sure sign that progress is being made. They, as already mentioned, are the mystical inner sounds which proceed from the Anahata Chakkra. According to the Hath Yoga Pradipika these sounds proceed from the Sushumnâ. "They are in all of ten sorts; buzzing sound, sound of the lute, of bells, of waves, of thunder, of falling rain, etc."

Close the ears, the nose, the mouth and the eyes: then a clear sound is heard distinctly in the Sushumnâ (which has been purified by Prânâyâma).243

The "Pradipika" further states that in all yogi practices there are four stages: Arambha, Gata, Parichaya and Nishpatti. In the first (Arambhâvasthâ) that is when the Anahata Chakkra is pierced by Prânâyâma various sweet tinkling sounds arise from the Âkâsa of the heart.

When the sound begins to be heard in the Shunya (Âkâsa), the Yogi possessed of a body resplendent and giving out sweet odour, is free from all diseases and his heart is filled (with Prâna).244

In the second stage (Ghatâvasthâ) the Prâna becomes one with the Nada in the Vishuddhi Chakkra and make a sound like that of a kettledrum; this is a sign that Bramhânanda is about to follow. In the third stage (Parichayâvastha) a sound like a drum is heard in the Ajna Chakkra. Having overcome the blissful state arising from hearing the sounds the Yogi begins to experience a greater bliss from the increasing realization of the Âtman.

The Prâna, having forced the Rudra Granthi existing in the Ajna Chakkra goes to the seat of Ishwara. Then the fourth state (Nishpatti) sets in: wherein are heard the sounds of the flute and Vînâ (a stringed instrument).245

At this stage the Prâna goes to the Bramharandhra, and enters the Silence. This is all most beautifully described in the various Shastras. In the Shiva Sanhita we read:

27. The first sound is like the hum of the honey-intoxicated bee, next that of a flute, then of a harp; after this, by the gradual practice of Yoga,246 the destroyer of the darkness of the world, he hears the sounds of the ringing bells, then sounds like roars of thunder. When one fixes his full attention on this sound, being free from fear, he gets absorption, O My Beloved!

28. When the mind of the Yogi is exceedingly engaged in this sound, he forgets all external things, and is absorbed in this sound.247

H. P. Blavatsky in "The Voice of the Silence" classifies these sounds under seven distinct heads.

The first is like the nightingale’s sweet voice chanting a song of parting to its mate.

The second comes as the sound of a silver cymbal of the Dhyânîs, awakening the twinkling stars.{153}

The next is as the plaint melodious of the ocean-spriote imprisoned in its shell. And this is followed by the chant of vînâ.

The fifth like sound of bamboo-flute shrills in thine ear. It changes next into a trumpet-blast.

The last vibrates like the dull rumbling of a thunder-cloud.

The seventh swallows all the other sounds. They die, and then are heard no more.248

The Hatha Yoga Pradipika is a great deal more exact in its description of these sounds than the famous Theosophist; concerning them Swâtmârâm Swâmi writes:

In the beginning, the sounds resemble those of the ocean, the clouds, the kettledrum, and Zarzara (a sort of drum cymbal); in the middle they resemble those arising from the Mardala, the conch, the bell, and the horn.

In the end they resemble those of the tinkling bells, the flutes, the vînâ, and the bees. Thus are heard the various sounds from the middle of the body.

Even when the loud sounds of the clouds and the kettledrum are heard, he should try to fix his attention on the subtler sounds.

He may change his attention from the lull to the subtle sounds, but should never allow his attention to wander to other extraneous objects.

The mind fixes itself upon the Nâda to which it is first attracted until it becomes one with it.249

Many other passages occur in this little text book on Yoga dealing with these mystical sounds some of them of a combined beauty and wisdom which is hard to rival. Such as:

When the mind, divested of its flighty nature, is bound by the cords of the Nâda, it attains a state of extreme concentration and remains quiet as a bird that has lost its wings.

Nâda is like a snare for catching a deer, "i.e.", the mind. It, like a hunter, kills the deer.

The mind, having become unconscious, like a serpent, on hearing the musical sounds, does not run away.{154}

The fire, that burns a piece of wood, dies, as soon as the wood is burnt out. So the mind concentrated upon the Nâda gets absorbed with it.

When the Antahkarana, like a deer, is attracted by the sound of bells, etc., and remains immovable, a skilful archer can kill it. Whatever is heard of the nature of sound is only Shakti.250

The conception of Akâsa251 (the generator of sound) exists, as long as the sound is heard. The Soundless is called Parabramha or Paramâtma252

August 
14th. Bought a meditation-mat and also a bronze Buddha. 
        Nadi-Yama253 10 minutes in the Saivite posture, in which my body-seat 
      fits exactly into a square of about 18 inches forming the letter Aleph. 
        Mantra (N.S.N.A.). At the 28th minute got faint sounds like a musical 
      box worked by a mallet on metal bars. As I stopped I heard a piano very 
      distant. The intense attention requisite to try to catch the subtle sounds of 
      the Universe when in Rechaka prevents Mantra, as my mental muttering is 
      not yet absolutely automatic. 
15th. By the five signs my Nadi are now purified.254 But this appears to me as 
      unlikely. 
        Eyes on tip of nose.  5 minutes.  The nose grows very filmy and the 
      rest of the field of vision loses its uprightness and is continually sliding into 
      itself across itself. A most annoying phenomenon. 
        Nadi-Yama.  15 minutes.  This becomes easier. 
        Mental Muttering of Aum Shivayavashi. 

On the 17th August PO. and Mâitrânanda left Colombo and journeyed to Kandy; Swami Mâitrânanda more particularly for his health; but P. so that he might escape the turmoil of a sea-port and to discover a suitable and secluded spot for a magical retirement, which he now had made up his mind to perform.

19th. Concentrated on point of base of brain. [To find this imagine cross-wires 
      drawn between (a) ear to ear, as if a line had been stretched between {155} them, 
      and from the centre of this line to the top of the skull. (b) from above the 
      bridge of my nose horizontally backwards.] 
         The result was that I felt a throbbing in my head, principally at the spot 
      concentrated on. 
August 
28th. I hereby formulate unto myself a Vow of Silence for a period of at least 
      three days. My time to be occupied by Nadi-Yama and Â’sana, also by 
      meditations of the Buddha and "Aum Mani Padme Hum." The vow to 
      begin from Midnight. This vow I took ceremonially. 
29th. 11.40-12.7    Suddhi.255 Very painful and jerky, especially Rechaka. 
       p.m. a.m.  Â’sana much pain on moving. 
       7.40-7.55    Suddhi. Result was better, but goes off whilst meditating 
       a.m. a.m.  on "Aum Mani Padme Hum." 
       10.3-10-50   Began Mental Muttering of "Aum Mani Padme Hum" 
       a.m. a.m.  meditating upon Buddha. This developed into Pratyâhâric 
                  Dhâranâ; loss of Ego and a vision of mysterious power: loss of 
                  all objects mental and physical. I do not know how long 
                  this lasted I woke meditating Anahata.256 The voice of Nada 
                  was like a far-off solemn song; it became "Aum" only, drop-
                  ping "Mani Padme Hum," and then was more like thunder 
                  without harmonics. 
                    Did Dhâranâ on Anahata. 
      11.45-12.15   Suddhi. Â’sana very painful. 
       a.m. p.m. 
      12-15-1.0     Meditation on "Aum Mani Padme Hum," and sleep. 
       p.m. p.m. 
       4.15-4.45    Dhâranâ on Anahata with "Aum Mani Padme Hum." The 
       p.m. p.m.  latter sounds like the flight of a great bird in windy weather. 
       5.50-6.20    Suddhi. when meditating on my bronze Buddha I ob- 
       p.m. p.m.  tained a great standing self-luminous but rayless Buddha. 
30th. 12.12-12.42   Suddhi. 
       a.m. a.m.    I passed a bad night, and in the morning my will and 
                  control of thought seemed shortened. 
       8.45-9.15    Suddhi. 
       a.m. a.m.    Thoughts hopelessly wandering. 
       9.45-10.29   Dhâranâ on Buddha with "Aum Mani Padme Hum." A 
       a.m. a.m.  much better meditation. I felt a spiral force whirring around {156} 
                  the top of my spine. this signifies an induction current of 
                  Prâna. 
      11.30-12.0    Suddhi. 
       a.m. a.m. 
       6.15-6.45    Suddhi. 
       p.m. p.m. 
       9.34-10.4    Suddhi. 
       p.m. p.m. 
      12.30-1.0     Suddhi. 
       a.m. a.m. 
August 
31st.  6.10-6.40    Suddhi. "Sweet as a singing rain of silver dew" is the 
       a.m. a.m.  Voice of Nâda. Â’sana is evidently a question of training. At 
                  one point there were two or three distinct sharp throbs in the 
                  third eye. (Ajna.) 
       9.15-9.55    Dhâranâ on Ajna.257 Tendency to become strained and 
       a.m. a.m.  rigid, with internal Kumbhaka, quite unconsciously. Exactly 
                  like a difficult stool, only the direction of force is upwards 
                  very fatiguing. 
      10.24-10.28   Suddhi. Ida stopped up. 
       a.m. a.m.    Change of Nâda-note to a dull sound. Extreme 
                  excitement of Chitta, sleep impossible. concentrating on 
                  Anahata gives sleepiness at once. I felt the pump action of 
                  the blood very plainly and also experienced Sukshma-
                  Kumbhaka,258 the subtle involuntary Kumbhaka. 
       6.10-6.40    Suddhi. One minute thirty-five seconds for a cycle. 
       a.m. p.m.  Repeated waking with nightmare. Test Kumbhaka, 45 and 55 seconds. 
September 
 2nd.  12.5-12.55   Suddhi with Kumbhaka. Test Kumbhaka 85 seconds,
       p.m. p.m.  1 minute 25 seconds. 
                    Pain (or concentration of Prâna) in the back of head, level 
                  with eyes. 
 3rd.   Sunset.     Suddhi in the jungle. concentration on Anahata, but did 
                  not go to sleep.157 
                    Heard the following sounds:
                  (1) A noise as of blood filtering through. 
                  (2) The tramp of armed men. this grew more distant on 
                       closing ears. 
                  (3) The noise of a distant Siren. This grew stronger on 
                       closing ears. 
                     (For a short time I distinctly saw the head of a nun in the 
                  centre of the Chakkra.) 
September
 5th. 12.15-12.52    Fifty-two Suddhi-Kumbhakas or Prânâyâmas. 5. 10. 20 for 30
       p.m. p.m.  minutes. 10. 15. 30 for 6 minutes. 
       5.25-6.26     Prânâyâma. 5. 10. 20 for 31 minutes without any 
       p.m. p.m.  breaks. 
       9.25-9.50     Dhâranâ on the Shiva Pantacle given me by Mâitrânanda 
       p.m. p.m.  Swâmi, mentally muttering "Aum Shivaya Vashi."259 Nothing 
                  particular occurred, though (were I not fixed in the know- 
                  ledge of the vanity of physiological tests) I should judge my 
                  weight had diminished.260 The Â’sana gave no pain till I 
                  moved. I had my eyes turned up to the third eye. 
                     Vivekânanda says: "vibration of body" is the second stage of
                  Prânâyâma. I get this, but put it down to weakness. 
                     Dhâranâ on tip of nose for five minutes. Heard a voice 
                  saying: "And if you’re passing, won’t you?" 
                     Concentration on any organ seems to make it very 
                  sensitive—a fleck of down lighting on my nose made me] 
                  jump. 
 6th.  9.20-9.50     Prânâyâmna. Three cycles of 7 minutes ("i.e." Twelve cycles 
       a.m. a.m.  of 5. 10. 20 = one cycle of 7 minutes) with intervals of 3 
                  minutes after each cycle. 
       6.10-6.40     Prânâyâma. Two cycles of 5. 10. 20. The counting got mixed 
       p.m. p.m.  and things seem to tend to get buzzy and obscure. Found 
                  it difficult to follow clearly the second-hand of a watch. One 
                  cycle of 4 minutes of 10. 20. 30.{158} 
September 
 6th.  7.0 p.m.      Heard astral bell, not mine but Shri Mâtrânanda’s.261 
      10.45-10.55    Dhâranâ on tip of nose. I obtained a clear understanding 
       p.m. p.m.  of the unreality of that nose. This persists. An hour later 
                  whilst breathing on my arm as I was asleep, I said to myself; 
                  "What is this hot breath from?" I was forced to "think" before 
                  I could answer "my nose." Then I pinched myself and 
                  remembered at once; but again breathing the same thing 
                  happened again. Therefore the "Dhâranâtion" of my nose 
                  dividualizes Me and My Nose, affects my nose, disproves my 
                  nose, abolishes, annihilates and expunges my nose. 
      11.25-11.24    Dhâranâ on end of Verendum.262 
       p.m. p.m. 
 7th    7.0-7.7      Prânâyâma. 5. 10. 20. 
       a.m. a.m. 
       7.15-7.35     Prânâyâma. 5. 10. 20, and five minutes of 10. 20. 30. 
       a.m. a.m.     Tried external Kumbhaka with poorest of results. 
 8th   11.0-11.5     Dhâranâ on nose. 
       a.m. a.m. 
     11.10-11.13     Dhâranâ, covering face with a sheet of thick white paper. 
      a.m. a.m.   Very complex phenomena occur.
                     But this production of two noses seems to be the falling 
                  back of the eyes to parallel. Everything vanishes. 
     11.45-11.51     Dhâranâ. ditto. There are two noses all the time. The 
      a.m. a.m.   delusion is that you think your right eye is seeing your left nose! 
      6.10-6.50      Prânâyâma 7 minutes 5. 10. 20; 6 minutes 10. 20. 30. Dhâranâ 
      p.m. p.m.   on nose 9 minutes 50 seconds. I actually lost the nose one one 
                  occasion, and could not think whet I wished to find or where 
                  to find it; my mind having become a perfect blank. (Shri 
                  Mâtrânanda says this is very good, and means I approach 
                  "neighbourhood-concentration"). Six minutes more at 10. 20. 
                  30. Forty minutes in the Â’sana. 
     10.20-10.34     Mentally muttering "Namo Shivaya Namaha Aum" I did 
      p.m. p.m.   Dhâranâ as before on my nose. I understand one Buddhist 
                  constipation now; for: I was (a) conscious of external things {159} 
                  seen behind, after my nose had vanished, "i.e." altar, etc.; and (b) 
                  conscious that I was "not" conscious of these things. These two 
                  consciousnesses being simultaneous. this seems absurd and 
                  inexplicable, it is noted in Buddhist Psychology, "yet I" "know it." 
September
 9th  9.50-10.20     Prânâyâma. Ten minutes 5. 10. 20; 4 minutes 10. 25. 30; 
      a.m. a.m.   6 minutes 10. 25. 30. Looking at the light at the top of my 
                  head. It was of a misty blue colour, its shape was that of an 
                  ordinary cone of flame, long and homogeneous. At intervals it 
                  dropped and opened out like a flower, its texture was that of
                  fine hair. Mâitrânanda told me that this result was very good, 
                  and that these petals are of the Ajna Chakkra.263 
      2.10-2.42      Prânâyâma. Seven minutes. 5. 10. 20. Dhâranâ on nose 
      p.m. p.m.   thirteen minutes. During this Prânâyâma I heard the Astral 
                  Bell twice or thrice. Prânâyâma 8 minutes. 10. 20. 30. 
                     Perspiration which has been almost suppressed of late has 
                  reappeared to excess. 
      6.12-6.38      Prânâyâma. Four minutes and 6 minutes 10. 29. 30. 
      p.m. p.m. 
           Late      Dhâranâ. Became quite unconscious. Recovered saying: 
                  "and not take the first step on Virtue’s giddy road," with the 
                  idea that this had some reference to the instructions to begin 
                  Suddhi with Ida. Forgot that I had been doing Dhâranâ; but 
                  I felt quite pleased and a conviction that my thoughts had 
                  been very important. 
10th. 7.12-7.34      Prânâyâma. Seven minutes 5. 10. 20; and 10 minutes 
      a.m. a.m.   10. 20. 30. The last was very good and regular. 
     11.50-12.5      Prânâyâma. Fourteen minutes 5. 10. 20. Ida stopped up. 
      a.m. a.m. 
      6.15-6.50      Dhâranâ on nose. During this I heard a Siren-cooing 
      p.m. p.m.   Nâda; it sounded very audible and continuous; but loudest 
                  during Rechaka. 
      1.23 a.m.      I awoke, lying on left side. This being unusual.... I did 
                  not know I had been asleep, and the time much surprised {160} 
                  me. The one dominant thought in my brain was: "That is it," 
                  i.e., Dhyâna. The characteristic perspiration which marks the 
                  first stage of success in Prânâyâma possesses the odour, taste, 
September         colour, and almost the consistency of semen. 
11th. 6.25-6.45      Prânâyâma. Fifteen minutes. 10. 20. 30. No perspira- 
      a.m. a.m.   tion. 
     10.30-10.45     Prânâyâma. Twelve minutes: 10. 20. 30. 
      a.m. a.m.      Prânâyâma. Eight minutes: 10. 20. 30. 
       6.0-6.30      With great effort. 
      p.m. p.m.      Cannot do Prânâyâma 30. 60. 15. more than once through, I 
                  tried twice. Dhâranâ on nose ten minutes. 
     11.15 p.m.      Dhâranâ on nose. 
12th. 7.35-7.55      Prânâyâma. Six minutes 10. 20. 30. 
      a.m. a.m.      Dhâranâ. Six minutes. 
                     (P. was called away for a few days on business (or in 
                  disgust?) to Colombo.) 
                     On the 20th of September p. returned from Colombo and 
                  then he made the following entry in his diary: "The Blessed 
                  Abhavânanda said: ‘Thus have I heard. One day in Thy 
                  courts is better than a thousand’; let me recommence 
                  Prânâyâma." Thus he thought, and said. Further he said: 
                  "Let me abandon these follies of poesy and Vamacharya 
                  ("debauchery," "i.e." normal life) and health and vain things 
                  and let me put in some work." 
22nd.                Began Suddhi and "Namo Shivaya Namaha Aum." 
     10.15-11.15     Â’sana. Prânâyâma. Nine minutes 10. 20. 30. 
      a.m. a.m.      Dhâranâ on nose ten minutes. 
      5.55-6.25      Prânâyâma. Four minutes: 10. 20. 30. 
      p.m. p.m.      Prânâyâma. Ten minutes: 10. 20. 30. 
                     Prânâyâma. One of 30. 15. 60. twice. Two such consecu- 
                  tively quite out of the question. 
      9.12-9.25      Prânâyâma. Twelve minutes. 10. 20. 30. 
      p.m. p.m.      Prânâyâma. Two consecutive cycles as above declared im- 
                  possible! 
23rd.  3.5-3.37      Prânâyâma. Sixteen minutes. 10. 20. 30. 
      a.m. a.m.      Dhâranâ on nose. Seven minutes. 
       5.20-5.30     Dhâranâ on nose. Seventeen minutes. 
       p.m. p.m.     Heard astral bell repeatedly, apparently from above my 
                  head, perhaps slightly to the left of median. "{161}" 
                     Two practices of Prânâyâma: 30. 15. 60. 
                     Concentration on Ajna Chakkra. The effect was as of light 
                  gradually glmmering forth and becoming very bright. 
September
24th.                Tried drinking through nose;264 but could not accomplish it 
                  properly. 
        7.0-7.10     Tried Dhâranâ on Nose as Ida was stopped up. Eyes 
       a.m. a.m.  watered, and the breathing was difficult, could not concentrate. 
       7.15-7.38     Prânâyâma. Twenty-two minutes: 10. 20. 30. could have 
       a.m. a.m.  gone on. 
       5.35-6.5      Prânâyâma very difficult.
       p.m. p.m.     Dhâranâ on nose nine minutes. The nose is perhaps my
                  least sensitive organ. Would I do better to try my tongue? 
                     Dhâranâ, four minutes on tip of tongue. Burning feeling as 
                  usual. Can feel every tooth as if each had become a con- 
                  scious being. 
                     Prânâyâma. Broke down badly on second Rechaka of 30. 
                  15. 60. I will do this, and often. 
      10.15-10.44    Prânâyâma. Ten minutes 10. 20. 30. 
       p.m. p.m.     Dhâranâ on nose seven minutes. 
                     One Grand Prânâyâma. 30. 15. 60. 
                     [N.B. For Prânâyâma be fresh, cool, not excited, not sleepy, 
                  not full of food, not ready to urinate or defaecate.] 
25th.   6.0-6.42     Prânâyâma. Twenty-six minutes: 10. 20. 30. 
       p.m. p.m.     Dhâranâ on nose. Five minutes. 
                     Dhâranâ on nose. Six minutes. 
       8.30-9.0      Dhâranâ on nose. Twelve and a half minutes.
       a.m. a.m.     Grand Prânâyâma. 30. 15. 60. very difficult. 
      10.45-11.20    Dhâranâ on nose. Thirty-four minutes. Stopped by an 
       a.m. a.m.  alarum going off rather a shock did not know where I was for a bit. 
       4.36-5.8      Prânâyâma. Eight minutes: 10. 20. 30. 
       p.m. p.m.     Prânâyâma. Eleven minutes: 10. 20. 30. 
       7.45-8.5      Prânâyâma. Eleven minutes: 10. 20. 30. 
       p.m. p.m.     Mental muttering "Aum Shivayavashi." 
       8.40-9.23     Thirty-seven minutes concentrated on Pentacle, right globe
       p.m. p.m.  of ear throbs; left ear cold current; left hand tingles. I do {162} 
                  get a sort of Skushma-Kumbhaka which I cannot reproduce 
                  at will. 
                     Rigidity of body and the fading of all vision are its stig- 
                  mata. Curiously this happened on coming out of Mental 
                  Muttering back to audible, or rather at one loud slow Mantra, 
September         i. e. when no Kumbhaka was possible. 
26th.  8.50-9.3      Mental Muttering for ten minutes "Aum Shivayavashi." 
       p.m. p.m.  Results similar to last night’s, somewhat more easily obtained. 
       5.25-5.57     Mental Muttering of "Aum Shivayavashi." Results better
       p.m. p.m.  than usual. 
                     Prânâyâma. Seven minutes after 10 seconds of Kumbhaka. 
                  This seventh time I forgot all about everything and breathed 
                  out of both nostrils. Quite quietly pure mental abstraction. 
       8.10-9.30     Mental Muttering of "Aum Shivayavashi," for seventy- five
       p.m. p.m.  minutes. Several times lost concentration or consciousness or 
                  something, i.e., either vision or voice or both were interrupted. 
                    (N.B. At one particular "rate" the third eye throbs violently in 
                  time with mantra.) 
27th.                Constant dreams of Dhâranâ. 
      10.20-10.33    Prânâyâma. Seven minutes 10. 30. 30. Twice forgot my- 
       a.m. a.m.  self in Kumbhaka by exceeding the thirty seconds. I was
                  trying to kill thoughts entering Ajna. On the first occasion I
                  was still saying "Shiva" for this purpose; on the second I was 
                  meditating on Devi [a name of Bhâvani]. 
       4.45-4.50     One Grand Prânâyâma. 30. 15. 60. 
       p.m. p.m.     New Prânâyâma of 25. 15. 50; twice. 
       5.12-5.40     Prânâyâma. Seven minutes 10. 20. 30. 
       p.m. p.m.     Mental Muttering. "Aum Shivayavashi" Fifteen minutes, 
                  at rate when Ajna throbs. 
                    (N.B. Of late my many years’ habit of sleeping only on the 
                  right side has vanished. I now sleep always on my left side.)
28th.   7 a.m.       Prânâyâma. 10. 20. 30.
       4.35-5.16     Prânâyâma. four minutes: 10. 20. 30. 
       p.m. p.m.     Mantra: "Aum Sjhivayavashi" Twenty minutes. I feel on 
                  the brink of something every time Aid me, Lord Self! 
                     His Holiness the Guru Swami says: "It is not well, O child, 
                  that thou contemplatest the external objects about thee. Let 
                  rather thy Chakkras be on-meditated. , Aum!" 
       10.50 p.m.    Dhâranâ on Ajna eighteen minutes muttering "Aum Tat 
                  Sat Aum!" {163} 
September            Dhâranâ on Ajna and "Aum Tat Sat Aum" thirgy-one 
29th.   12.0 m.n. minutes. At one time Ajna seemed enormously, perhaps 
                  infinitely, elongated. 
      11.15-11.41    Mantra "Aum Tat Sat Saum" with usual throbbing.
       a.m. a.m.     Took 210 drops of Laudanum as an experiment under 
                  Mâitrânanda’s guidance. (Absolutely no mental result, and 
                  hardly any physical result. I must be most resistant to this 
                  drug, which I had never previously taken). 
30th                 Recovering from the Laudanum. 
       10.5 a.m.     Prânâyâma and Dhâranâ hopeless.265 
October.             Another month of this great work commences, and though 
                  the toil has not been wasted the reward indeed seems still 
                  far off. 

On the first of the month P. writes:

"Blessed be thou, O Bhânâni, O Isis my Sister, my Bride, my Mother! Blessed be Thou, O Shiva, O Amoun, Concealed of the Concealed. By Thy most secret and Holy Name of Apophis be Thou blessed, Lucifer, Star of the Dawn, Satan-Jeheshua, Light of the World!

"Blessed by Thou, Buddha, Osiris, by whatever Name I call Thee thou art nameless to Eternity. Blessed be Thou, O Day, that Thou hast risen in the Night of Time; First Dawn in the Chaos of poor P.’s poor mind! Accursed be Thou, Jehovah, Brahma, unto the Æons of Æons: thou who didst create Darkness and not Light! Mâra, vile Mask of Matter!

"Arise, O Shiva, and destroy! That in destruction these at last be blest."

 1st.  5.30 p.m.     Prânâyâma. 
                     Mantra seventeen minutes. Noise of glass being rubbed 
                  persistent. 
       9.30 p.m.     From now I decide to work more seriously, and follow out 
                  the following programme: 
                     Mantra "Aum Tat Sat Aum."
                     Dhâranâ on Ajna Chakkra. 
                     Read Bhagavid-Gîta. 
                     Vegetarian diet. {164} 
                     Normal amount of sleep. 
                     Speech only when necessary. 
                     Prânâyâma. 
                     Â’sana with eyes turned up. 
October              Walking as exercise. 
 2nd.  8.30 a.m.     Mantra "Aum Tat Sat Aum." 
       9.10-10.50    Â’sana with mantra and eyes turned to Ajna Chakkra. 
       a.m. a.m.  Chittam distinctly slowing towards end. 
      10.50-12.5     Continued lying down. [Did I sleep?] 
       a.m. p.m. 
      12.35-1.45     For a walk muttering Mantra. 
       p.m. p.m. 
       2.20-2.45     Â’sana. Always forgetting to repeat the Mantra, Mâitra- 
       p.m. p.m.  anandra Swami says this is right. Ajna is now more steely in 
                  appearance and is open at a constant angle of about 30° to 40°. 
       3.10-3.45     Prânâyâma. Thirty minutes 10. 20. 30. 
       p.m. p.m. 
       4.10 p.m.     Resumed Â’sana. The "invading" thoughts are 
                  more and more fragmentary and ridiculous. I cannot mentally pro- 
                  nounce the Mantra with correctness, e.g., "Op tap sapa" or 
                  "shastra" for "sat," etc. Now arose, with Music of the Vînâ 
                  the Golden Dawn.266 At 5.15 I arose. 
       5.42 p.m.     Resumed my Â’sana and did three Prânâyâma of 25. 15.
                  50. Also of 20. 10. 40. 
                     Mâitrânanda Swami explained above as follows: Unto the
                  sunset, moonrise, Agni;267 then Vishvarupa Darshana,268 and 
                  one’s own Personal God;269 then Atma-Darshana270 and Shiva-
                  Darshana.271 {165} 
October              Prânâyâma. Thirty-five minutes. 10. 20. 30. Â’sana 
 3rd   12.20 a.m. terrible. 
         10-11.30    Walk with Mantra.
       a.m. a.m. 
      11.30-12.41    Â’sana. Always with Mantra and Ajna. 
       a.m. a.m.     Prânâyâma. Eighteen minutes. 10. 20. 30. 
       1.50-2.30     Dhâranâ. Got very tired and lay down till 3.35 (not sleep- 
       p.m. p.m.  ing) then resumed Â’sana till 5.5 p.m. Now again at last 
                  the Golden Dawn. This, as my intuition had already taught 
                  me, had the effect of slowing the Dhyâna and also keeping 
                  me fixed therein. Yet, I fear, of partially destroying its 
                  perfection—He knows! Thus the disk came clear: but I 
                  began to be worried by body and clouded by doubt, and an 
                  effort to return only brought up a memory-picture. 
                     The flaming clouds are "thought"; the shadowy or hinted 
                  Form is Adonai! 
       5.35 p.m.     Three Prânâyâmas of 50. 25. 15.
       5.40 p.m.     Prânâyâma. Twenty minutes 10. 20. 30. 
       9.30 p.m.     Holiday; which was fatal folly! 

The full account of this wonderful realization of Dhyâna is set forth by PO. in this note book entitled "The Writings of Truth," in which we find the following:

"After some eight hours’ discipline by Prânâyâma arose ‘The Golden Dawn.’

"While meditating, suddenly I became conscious of a shoreless space of darkness and a glow of crimson athwart it. Deepening and brightening, scarred by dull bars of slate-blue cloud arose the Dawn of Dawns. In splendour not of earth and its mean sun, blood-red, rayless, adamant, it rose, it rose! Carried out of myself, I asked not ‘Who is the Witness?’ absorbed utterly in contemplation of so stupendous and so marvellous a fact. For here was no doubt, no change, no wavering; infinitely more real than aught ’physical’ is the Golden Dawn of this Eternal Sun! But ere the Orb of Glory rose clear of its banks of blackness alas my soul! that Light Ineffable was withdrawn beneath the falling veil of darkness, and in purples and greys glorious beyond imagining, sad beyond conceiving, faded the superb Herald of the Day. But mine eyes have seen it! And this, then, is Dhyâna! Walk with it, yet all but unremarked, came a melody as of the sweet-souled Vînâ

   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Again, by the Grace Ineffable of Bhâvani to the meanest of Her devotees, arose the Splendour of the Inner Sun. As bidden by my Guru, I saluted the {166} Dawn with Pranava. This, as I foresaw, retained the Dhyânic Consciousness. The Disk grew golden: rose clear of all its clouds, flinging great fleecy cumuli or rose and gold, fiery with light, into the aethyr of space. Hollow it seemed and rayless as the Sun in Sagittarius, yet incomparably brighter: but rising clear of cloud, it began to revolve, to coruscate, to throw off streamers of jetted fire! [This from a hill-top I beheld, dark as of a dying world. Covered with black decayed wet peaty wood, a few pines stood stricken, unutterably alone.272] But behind the glory of its coruscations seemed to shape, an idea less solid than a shadow! an Idea of some Human-seeming Form! Now grew doubt and thought in P.’s miserable mind; and the One Wave grew many waves and all was lost! Alas! Alas! for P.! And Glory Eternal unto Her, She the twin-Breasted that hath encroached even upon the other half of the Destroyer! "OM Namo Bhâvaniya OM."

Filled with the glory of the great light that had arisen in him, for many days P. communed in silence with the Vision that days upon days of labour had revealed to him, and then leaving his place of retirement near Kandy he journeyed to Anhuradhapura, and thence to many sacred shrines and temples throughout the island of Ceylon, gathering as he travelled spiritual knowledge, and learning the ancient customs of the people and the manner of their lives.

Towards the end of November his work in Ceylon being accomplished he arrived at Madura, and from there he journeyed to Calcutta. At this city he remained for about a month, during almost the whole of which time he suffered from sickness and fever. he however records one interesting incident, which took place during an early morning walk whilst he was in deep meditation:

"Whilst in this meditation, a kind of inverted Manichaeism seemed to develop and take possession of it, Nature appearing as a great evil and fatal force, unwittingly developing within {167} itself a suicidal Will called Buddha or Christ:" This perhaps is most easily explained by imagining "Mâyâ" to be a circle of particles moving from right to left which after a time through its own intrinsic motion sets up within itself a counter motion, a kind of back-water current which moves in the opposite direction, from left to right, and little by little destroys the Mâyâ circle, marked "B"; and then becoming its Mâyâ, in its turn sets up a counter circle which in time will likewise be destroyed. The outer circle is "B" is the world Mâyâ or the Samsâra Chakkra, the inner "A" the Bodhi Stava, the Buddha, the Christ.


DIAGRAM 88.
The Bodhi Satva

This is fulfilled again and again the great prophecy:

Whenever the dhamma decays, and a-dhamma prevails, then I manifest myself. For the protection of the good, for the destruction of the evil, for the firm establishment of the National Righteousness I am born again and again!273

"It is a fallacy," wrote P., "that the Absolute must be the All-Good. There is not an Intelligence directing law; but only a line of least resistance along which all things move. Its own selfishness has not even the wit to prevent Buddha, and so its own selfishness proves its destruction.

"We cannot call Nature "evil": Fatal is the exact word; for Necessity implies stupidity, and this stupidity is the chief attribute of Nature."

{Illustration on page 168 described: "DIAGRAM 88. The Bodhi Satva." This is a circular diagram. There is one large black ring enclosing the outside. Inside is a smaller white ring with a small seated buddha in the midst of a lotus. A clockwise spiral line begins on the outer rim of the inner circle, at about 4 o’clock. This spiral makes four complete revolutions before it contacts the outer ring at about 8 o’clock. Just below the beginning curve of the inner spiral passage is an arrow, fledged and curved round clockwise, occupying about 180°. There is a much larger fledged arrow about the outer ring at top, curved counterclockwise through about 180°}

So P. argued, for the little Bodhi Satva had started whirling {168} within him, hungry and thirsty, slowly devouring its Mother Mâyâ.

On the 21st of January, 1902, P. left Calcutta for Burma, where for a short time he again joined Mâitrânanda. During the month of February he journeyed through the districts about Rangoon visiting many sacred cities and holy men,. practising Dahâranâ on Maitri Bhâvana (compassion) and taking his refuge in Triratna. (The triple jewel of Buddhism Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha.) On the 14th of February he visited Lamma Sayadaw Kyoung in Bhikkhu Ananda Metteyya, and on the 23rd shipped by S. S. Kapurthala from Rangoon to Calcutta, arriving there on the 26th.

For the first three months of 1902 no record was kept by P. of his meditations and mystical exercises, except one which is as curious as it is interesting, and which consists of a minutely detailed table showing the Classification of the Dreams he dreamt from the 8th February to the 19th March.

P., it may be mentioned, was much subjected to dreaming, but perhaps rarely were they so persistent and vivid as he now experienced. For he found that by trying to remember dreams he could remember more. Probably most men dream subconsciously; just as they breathe without knowing it unless the attention be directed to the act. {169}

We append the following table. As it will be seen P. divides his dream- states into seven main divisions, each being again split up into further subdivisions to enable the various correspondences to be seen at a glance.

CLASSIFICATION OF DREAMS

A. Depth of Impression. 
           1. Vivid. 2. Ordinary. 3. Slight. 4. Doubtful. 
B. Degree of Memory. 
           1. Detailed. 2. Outlined. 3. Partially outlined. 4. Central idea 
         only. 5. Incident only. 6. Nothing save fact of dream. 
C. Cause. 
           1. Traceable to thoughts of previous day. 2. Traceable to local 
         circumstances (e.g. Dream of river from rain falling on face). 3. Not 
         so traceable. 
D. Character. 
           1. Surprising. 2. Ordinary. 
E. Character. 
           1. Rational. 2. Irrational. 
F. Character General. 
           1. Lascivious, (a) Finished, (b Baffled. 2. Of travel. 3. Of 
         literature. 4. Of art. 5. Of magic. 6. Of beauty. 7. Of religion. 8. Of 
         social affairs. 9. Of disgust. 10. Of old friends (or foes). 11. Various. 
         12. Humorous. 13. Of very definite men not known to P. 14. Of 
         combat. 15. Of money. 
G. Character Special. 
           1. Of losing a tooth. 2. Of beard being shaved off. 3. Of climbing a 
         mountain. 4. Of being taken in adultery. 5. Of Poem or Magical 
         book I have written (in dream). 6. Of being embarrassed. 7. of 
         flying, especially of escaping. {170} 
______________┬_______┬___┬____________┬___┬___┬_________________┬___ 
              │   A   │ B │      C     │ D │ E │       F         │ G 
______________┼_______┼___┼____________┼___┼___┼_________________┼___ 
February  8th │   1   │ 2 │            │ 1 │---│                 │--- 
    "     9th │   1   │ 1 │ Probably 2 │---│---│                 │ 1 
    "    12th │   1   │ 1 │     1      │---│---│      1(b)       │--- 
    "    13th │   1   │ 1 │     1      │ 1 │---│      6.12       │--- 
    "    14th │       │   │            │   │   │                 │ 
    "    15th │   1   │ 2 │     1      │ 2 │ 1 │       1         │ 1 
    "     "   │   1   │ 2 │     1      │ 2 │ 1 │       1         │ 1 
    "    16th │   1   │ 1 │     1      │ 2 │ 1 │      4.2.8      │ 1 
    "    17th │   3   │ 6 │            │---│---│                 │--- 
    "    18th │   2   │ 2 │ Probably 1 │ 2 │ 1 │       11        │---
    "    20th │   1   │ ? │     ?      │ 1 │ ? │       ?         │--- 
    "    21th │   4   │---│            │---│---│                 │--- 
    "    22th │   4   │---│            │---│---│                 │--- 
    "    23th │   1   │ 1 │     2      │ 1 │ 2 │  1(a).2.10.9.11 │--- 
    "    24th │   1   │ 4 │     1      │ 2 │---│       1?        │--- 
    "    25th │ 2(?1) │ 3 │     1      │ 2 │ 1 │       2         │--- 
    "    28th │   1   │ 1 │     1      │ 2 │ 3 │    1.10.11      │4(?) 
    "     "   │   2   │ 2 │     1      │ 2 │ 1 │      3.7        │--- 
March     1st │   3   │ 6 │            │---│---│                 │--- 
    "     2nd │   1   │ 1 │    1(?)    │ 2 │ 1 │       8         │ 6 
    "     "   │   1   │ 1 │    1(?)    │ 1 │ 1 │       5         │--- 
    "     3rd │   2   │ 1 │     1      │ 2 │ 1 │      2.8        │---
    "     4th │   1   │4.5│     1      │ 1 │---│     8.10.13     │---
    "     5th │(?)all │   │            │   │   │                 │ 
    "     "   │   2   │ 2 │     1      │ 2 │ 1 │       2         │--- 
    "     7th │   1   │ 1 │    1.2     │ 2 │ 2 │    1(b).2.9     │ 6
    "     8th │   1   │ 6 │            │---│---│                 │---
    "     9th │   1   │ 1 │     1      │ 1 │ 1 │1(b).2.5.8.10.13 │4.6
    "    10th │   1   │ 1 │     3      │ 2 │ 1 │  8.10.13.14.15  │--- 
    "    11th │   1   │ 1 │     1      │ 1 │ 2 │     3.5.7.12    │5.7
    "     "   │   1   │ 1 │     1      │ 1 │ 2 │      1(b)       │ 4 
    "    12th │   1   │ 2 │     1      │ 2 │ 1 │       2         │ 6 
    "    13th │   1   │ 2 │     3      │ 1 │ 2 │      1(b)       │ 4
    "    14th │   4   │---│            │---│---│                 │---
    "    15th │   1   │ 1 │     3      │ 2 │ 1 │   1.2.8.10.13   │---
    "     "   │   1   │ 1 │     2      │ 2 │ 2 │       2         │--- 
    "    16th │   1   │ 2 │     1      │ 1 │ 2 │      3.10       │---
    "    17th │   2   │ 2 │     3      │ 2 │ 1 │      7.8        │--- 
    "    18th │   1   │ 5 │     1      │ 1 │ 1 │     5.6.11      │---
    "    19th │   2   │ 5 │            │---│ 1 │       11        │---
______________┴_______┴___┴____________┴___┴___┴_________________┴____ {171} 

On the 7th of March P. left Calcutta for Benares, arriving there on the following day, and lodging at the H"tel de Paris he continued his concentration practices., In his diary on this date he writes: "The fear of the future seems practically destroyed, and during the last six months I have worked well. This removes all possible selfishness of incentive (after 4 ¾ years) Maitri-Bhâvana is left, and that alone. Aum!

At Benares he visited the temples, and had a long conversation with Sri Swami Swayam Prakashânanda Maithila; and then after three days’ sojourn there journeyed to Agra.

"I saw the Taj. A dream of beauty," he writes, "with appallingly evil things dwelling therein. I actually had to use H.P.K. formula! the building soon palls; the aura is apparent, and disgust succeeds. But the central hall is of strained aura, like a magic circle after banishing."

At Agra P. met Astrologer and Geomancer Munshi Elihu Bux; who told him that by looking hard at a point on the wall constantly and without winking for many days he would be able to obtain an hypnotic power even to Deadly and Hostile Current of Will.

On the 16th P. left Agra and went to Delhi, and there on the 23rd he was joined by D. A., and these two with their companions on the following day journeyed to Rawal Pindi and from this city they set out together to travel for five months in the northern and little frequented districts of Baltistan, and to seek that great solemnity and solitude which is only to be found amongst the greatest mountains of earth.

With the Dhyâna Visions and Trance we arrive at another turning point in Frater P.’s magical ascent. For several years he had worked by the aid of Western methods, and with them he had laid a mighty and unshakable foundation upon which {172} he now had succeeded in building the great temple of Self- Control. Working upon Eastern lines he had laid stone upon stone, and yet when the work was completed, magnificent though it was, there was no God yet found to indwell it. It was indeed but an empty house.

Though we have now arrived at this turning point, it will be necessary before we review the contents of this chapter to narrate the events from the present date—March 1902, down to the 11th of August 1903; when, by the chance (destined) meeting with Ouarda the Seer, he was eventually enabled to set in motion the great power he had gained, and by wrestling with the deity, as Jacob wrestled with the Angel by the ford of Jabbok, see God face to face and LIVE.

For a space of nearly six months P. and D. A. journeyed amongst the vast mountains beyond Cashmir, and through during this period no record of his meditations has been preserved, time was not idled away and exercises in meditation of a more exalted kind, on the vastness of Nature and the ungraspable might of God, were his daily joy and consolation.

In September he returned to Srinnagar, and thence journeyed to Bombay where he remained for but a few days before his return journey to Europe.

Arriving in Egypt he remained in that ancient land for some three weeks, somehow feeling that it was here that he should find what he had so long now been seeking for in vain. But realizing the hopelessness of waiting in any definite country or city, without some clue to guide him to his goal, he left Egypt at the beginning of November and continued his journey back to England only to break it again at Paris.

In this city he remained until April the following year {173} (1903). In the month of January he met his old College friend H. L.

From the very first moment of this meeting H. L. showed considerable perturbation of mind, and on being asked by Frater P. what was exercising him, H. L. replied "Come and free Miss Q. from the wiles of Mrs. M. Being asked who Mrs. M. was, H. L. answered that she was a vampire and a sorceress who was modelling a sphinx with the intention of one day endowing it with life so that it might carry out her evil wishes; and that her victim was Miss Q. P. wishing to ease his friend’s mind asked H. L. to take him to Miss Q.’s address at which Mrs. M. was then living. This H. L. did.

The following story is certainly one of the least remarkable of the many strange events which happened to Frater P. during his five months’ residence in Paris, but we give it in place of others because it re-introduces several characters who have already figured in this history.

Miss Q. after an interview asked P. to tea to meet Mrs. M. After introductions she left the room to make tea the White Magic and the Black were left face to face.

On the mantelpiece stood a bronze of the head of Balzac, and P., taking it down, seated himself in a chair by the fire and looked at it.

Presently a strange dreamy feeling seemed to come over him, and something velvet soft and soothing and withal lecherous moved across his hand. Suddenly looking up he saw the Mrs. M. had noiselessly quitted her seat and was bending over him; her hair was scattered in a mass of curls over her shoulders, and the tips of her fingers were touching the back of his hand {174}

No longer was she the middle aged woman, worn with strange lusts; but a young woman of bewitching beauty.

At once recognizing the power of her sorcery, and knowing that if he even so much as contemplated her Gorgon head all the power of his magic would be petrified, and that he would become but a puppet in her hands, but a top to be played with and when broken cast aside, he quietly rose as if nothing unusual had occurred; and replacing the bust on the mantelpiece turned towards her and commenced with her a magical conversation; that is to say a conversation which outwardly had but the appearance of the politest small talk but which inwardly lacerated her evil heart, and burnt into her black bowels as if each word had been a drop of some corrosive acid.

She writhed back from him; and then again approached him even more beautiful than she had been before. She was battling for her life now, and no longer for the blood of another victim. If she lost, hell yawned before her, the hell that every once beautiful woman who is approaching middle age, sees before her the hell of lost beauty, of decrepitude, of wrinkles and fat. The odour of man seemed to fill her whole subtle form with a feline agility, with a beauty irresistible. One step nearer and then she sprang at Frater P. and with an obscene word sought to press her scarlet lips to his.

As she did so Frater P. caught her and holding her at arm’s length smote the sorceress with her own current of evil, just as a would-be murderer is sometimes killed with the very weapon with which he has attacked his victim.

A blue-greenish light seemed to play round the head of the vampire, and then the flaxen hair turned the colour of muddy {175} snow, and the fir skin wrinkled, and those eyes, that had turned so many happy lives to stone, dulled, and became as pewter dappled with the dregs of wine. The girl of twenty had gone, before him stood a hag of sixty, bent, decrepit, debauched. With dribbling curses she hobbled from the room.

As Frater P. left the house, for some time he turned over in his mind these strange happenings, and was not long in coming to the opinion that Mrs. M. was not working alone, and that behind her probably were forces far greater than she. She was but the puppet of others, the slave that would catch the kids and the lambs that were to be served upon her master’s table. Could P. prove this? could he discover who the masters were? The task was a difficult one; it either meant months of work, which P. could not afford to give, or the mere chance of a lucky stroke, which P. set aside as unworthy the attempt.

That evening whilst relating the story to his friend H. L. he asked him if he knew of any reliable clairvoyant. H. L. replied that he did, and that there was such a person at that very time in Paris known as The Sibyl, his own "belle amie." That night they called on her; and from her P. discovered, for he led her in the spirit, the following remarkable facts.

The vision at first was of little importance, then by degrees the seer was let to a house which P. at once recognized as that in which D.D.C.F. lived. He entered one of the rooms, which he also at once recognized but curious to say, instead of finding D.D.C.F. and V.N.R. there he found Theo and Mrs. Horos. Mr. Horos (M.S.R.) incarnated in the body of V.N.R. and Mrs. Horos (S.V.A.) in that of D.D.C.F. Their {176} bodies were in prison; but their spirits were in the house of the fallen chief of the Golden Dawn.

At first Frater P. was seized with horror at the sight, he knew not whether to direct a hostile current of will against D.D.C.F. and V.N.R., supposing them to be guilty of cherishing within their bodies the spirits of two disincarnated vampires, or perhaps Abramelin demons under the assumed forms of S.V.A. and M.S.R., or to warn D.D.C.F.; supposing him to be innocent, as he perhaps was, of so black and evil an offence. But as he hesitated a voice entered the body of the Sibyl and bade him leave matters alone, which he did. Not yet was the cup full.

In April he journeyed to London, and the month of May 1903 once again found him amongst the fastnesses of the north in the house he had bought in which to carry out the Sacred Operation of Abramelin. At this point of our history, in a prefatory note to one of Frater P.’s note-books, we hind him recapitulating, in the following words, the events of the last four years:

In the year 1899 I came to C ... House, and put everything in order with the object of carrying out the Operation of Abramelin the Mage.

I had studied Ceremonial Magic, and had obtained very remarkable success.

My Gods were those of Egypt, interpreted on lines closely akin to those of Greece.

In Philosophy I was a Realist of the Qabalistic School.

In 1900 I left England for Mexico, and later the Far East, Ceylon, India, Burma, Baltistan, Egypt and France. It is idle here to detail the corresponding progress of my thought; and passing through a stage of Hinduism, I had discarded all Deities as unimportant, and in Philosophy was an uncompromising Nominalist, arrived at what I may describe as an orthodox Buddhist; but however with the following reservations:

(1) I cannot deny that certain phenomena "do" accompany the use of certain rituals; I only deny the usefulness of such methods to the White Adept. {177}

(2) that I consider Hindu methods of meditation as possibly useful to the beginner, and should not therefore recommend them to be discarded at once.

With regard to my advancement, the redemption of the Cosmos, etc., etc., I leave for ever the "Blossom and Fruit" Theory and appear in the character of an Inquirer on strictly scientific lines.274

This is unhappily calculated to damp enthusiasm; but as I so carefully of old, for the magical path, excluded from my life all other interests, that life has now no particular meaning, and the Path of Research, on the only lines I can now approve of, remains the one Path possible for me to tread.

On the 11th of June P. records that he moved his bed into the temple that he had constructed at C ... House, for convenience of more absolute retirement. In this temple he was afflicted by dreams and visions of the most appalling Abramelin devils, which had evidently clung to the spot ever since the operations of February 1900.

On the night of the 16th of June he began to practise Mahasatipatthana,275 and found it easy to get into the way of it as a mantra which does not interfere much with sense-impressions, {178} but remains as an undercurrent. After several days of this desultory Mahasatipatthana, he turned his mind once again to the Great Work and decided upon a fortnight’s strict magical retirement. Though his retirement culminated in no definite state of illumination, it is most interesting from a scientific point of view, as it has been carefully kept and the "breaks" that occurred in the meditations have been most minutely classified.

June. 
22nd.  10.20 p.m.    Mahasatipatthana for half an hour. 
                  (1) Breathing gets deeper, rather sleepier. (I am tired.) 
                  (2) Notable throbbing in Ajna and front of brain generally, 
                       especially with inspiring. 
                  (3) Tendency to forget what I am doing. (I am tired.) 
                  (4) Very bad concentration, but better than expected. 
23rd.  10.11 a.m.    Walk with Mahasatipatthana. I obtained a very clear 
                  intuition that "I breathe" was a lie. With effort regained 
                  delusion. 
       11.30 a.m.    Entered Temple. 
       11.33 a.m.    Prânâyâma. 10. 20. 30. Resulting in a good deal of pain. 
       11.40 a.m.    Mahasatipatthana. 
       11.57 a.m.    Prânâyâma. 10. 20. 30. I do seem bad! My left nostril is
                  not all it should be. 
       11.57 a.m.    Left Temple. 
       12.30 p.m.    Began Mahasatipatthana desultorily. 
        1.15 p.m.    In Mahasatipatthana. Doing it very badly. Seem sleepy.
        1.35 p.m.    Went out for a walk feeling ill. Ill all the week. 
28th                 During the night began again meditation upon Ajna, and 
                  Mantra "Aum Tat Sat Aum."
30th.                Decide to do tests on old principle to see how I really stand. {179} 

         BEGIN.       END.          OBJECT.         TIME.         NO. OF BREAKS. 
       10.21 a.m.   10.23 a.m.   Red Cross        2 m. 10 s.   Several breaks of 
                                                                 the kind, "Oh, 
                                                                 how well I’m 
                                                                 doing it." 

         Seem quite to have forgotten what very long times I used to do. 

                                White triangle    10 m.        20 breaks. 

         [This about harmonic of good; 20 m. 10 breaks is a good per- formance.] 

                                Apas-Akâsa

         [Very difficult: slightest noise is utterly disturbing.]

       10.55 a.m.   11.1 a.m.   Red Cross         6 m.         7 breaks. 

         [But it is to be observed that a break may be of varying length. I 
       doubt if this was as good as White Triangle supra.] 

       11.44 a.m.   11.56 a.m.  White triangle    12 m.        10 breaks.

         [Above observation perhaps unimportant, as limit of variability is more 
       or less constant (presumably) between 1901 and now. 
         It will be useless to attempt to devise any means of measuring the 
       length of a break. The only possible suggestion is to count the links in 
       thought back to to object. But I do not think it is worth the trouble.] 
         Note in White Triangle above: 
         I get considerably toward identification of self and object. This is 
       probably a good result of my philosophy-work. 
         It will perhaps be more scientific if in these tests (and perhaps even in 
       work) to stick to one or two objects and always go on to a special number 
       of breaks say 10,. Then success will vary as time.276
 
July    3.14 p.m.    3.20 p.m.  White triangle    6 m. 30 s.   6 breaks. Dis- 
 2nd.                                                           turbed by car- 
                                                                penter. 
       10.40 p.m.    11.9 p.m.  White triangle    29 m.        23 breaks. 

         [A "break" shall be defined as: "a consciousness of the cessation of 
       the object consciousness." 
         A simple outside thought arising shall not constitute a "break," since it 
       may exist simultaneously with the object-consciousness. {180} 

         It shall be meritorious to perform a rosary upon the Rudrakasha-beads 
       at lest once (at one time) daily; for why? Because 108 is is a convenient 
       number of breaks, and the large number will aid determinations of rate 
       progress. 
         If it be true, as I suppose, that fatigue to a great extent determines 
       frequency, it will then be perhaps possible to "predict" a Geometrical Pro- 
       gression (or Mixed Progression.)] 


         BEGIN.       END.          OBJECT.         TIME.         NO. OF BREAKS. 

July   10.58 a.m.    11.1 a.m.    White triangle   3 m.          5 breaks. 
 3rd. 
         [I am in very bad state nearly "all" breaks! do a little Prânâyâma to 
       steady me.] 

       11.10 a.m.    11.15 ½ a.m. White triangle   5 m. 30 s.    4 breaks.

         [Sneezed: totally forgot what I was doing. When I reflected, time as 
       above.] 

 4th.   9.45 a.m.    9.58 ½ a.m.  White triangle   13 m. 30 s.   20 breaks. 
       10.25 a.m.   10.57 ½ a.m.  Ajna             32 m. 30 s.   20 breaks. 

         [With Mantra. Throbbing at once. "Invaders" nearly all irrational. 
       Strong sub-current of swift thought noted. Quite the old times! Excel- 
       lent: I require less food and less literary work. I wonder if it would be 
       worth while to try irritation of skin over Ajna with tincture of Iodine.] 

 5th.  11.30 a.m.   11.55 a.m.    Ajna             25 m.         20 breaks. 
        9.36 p.m.    9.51 1 p.m.  Ajna             15 m. 30 s.   20 breaks. 

6th.}    Ill.277 
8th.} 
 9th.  10.57 a.m.   11.4 a.m.     Prânâyâma      7 m.         Nose not clear. 
       11.15½ a.m.  11.18 a.m.    Ajna          2 m.          6 breaks. 

        [Hyperaesthesia of sense. Various sounds disturbed me much.] 

10th.   Again ill. 
11th.  3.38 p.m.    3.46 p.m.     Prânâyâma      8 m.         Going easier. 
       3.48 p.m.    3.51 p.m.     White triangle    3 m.          5 breaks. 
       5.51 p.m.    6.10 ½ p.m.   Ajna              19 m. 30 s.   20 breaks. {181} 

         BEGIN.       END.          OBJECT.         TIME.         NO. OF BREAKS. 
July    [Difficult to set the sound Hyperaesthesia. Began to forget Mantra.]278 
11th.  10.12 ½ p.m. 10.19 p.m.    Prânâyâma      6 m. 30 s.   Very hard. 
        [The smallest quantity of food injures one’s power immensely.] 
       10.21 p.m.   10.44 p.m.    Ajna             23 m.         20 breaks. 
        [Used cotton wool in ears.] 
        Thoughts of Ajna go obliquely up (from opening of pharynx about) and 
       direct horizontally forward. This gives an idea to "chase" consciousness, i.e., 
       find by the obvious series of experiments the spot in which the thoughts 
       dwell. Probably however this moves about. If so, it is a clear piece of 
       evidence for the idealistic position. If not, "thinking of it" equals "it 
       thinking of itself," and its falsity will become rapidly evident. 
July 
12th.  12.8 p.m.    12.19 p.m.    Prânâyâma       11 m. 
        [The best so far: the incense troubled me somewhat.] 
       12.26 p.m.   12.57 p.m.                     31 m.         30 breaks. 
        [Mantra evolved into "tartsano."279 I was not in good form and suspect
       many breaks of long duration.] 
        I keep Mantra going all day. 
        4.58 p.m.    5.9 p.m.     Prânâyâma       11 m.       Perspiration. 
        5.14 p.m.    5.25 p.m.    Prânâyâma       11 m.       Wound up with a 
                                                                   Grand Prânâ-
                                                                   yâma.280 
        5.28 p.m.    6.6 p.m.                      38 m.         30 breaks. 
         [Very tired towards end and difficult to get settled. to me it seems 
        evident that the first ten breaks or so are rapid.] 
        6.10 p.m.    6.26 p.m.    Prânâyâma       16 m. 
        8.15 p.m.    8.47 p.m.    Ajna with Mantra 32 m.         22 breaks.
          [Light coming a little, one very long break, and some sound.] 
       10.5 p.m.    10.17 ½ p.m.  Ajna             12 m. 30 s.   11 breaks. 
13th.     Casual Mutterings of Mantra. 
       10.44 a.m.                 Prânâyâma                   Quite bopeless. 
       10.48 a.m.   11.20 a.m.                     32 m.         30 breaks. 
          [Went to Edinburgh to meet H. L.]281 {182} 

The following analysis of breaks which Frater P. deduced from his practices during this retirement is both of great interest and importance. It is the only analytical table of this character we know of, and must prove of very great use to investigator and aspirant alike.

THE CHARACTER OF BREAKS

1. Primary centres. 
   The senses. 

2. Secondary. 
   These seem to assume a morbid activity as soon as the primaries are stilled. 
Their character is that of the shorter kind of memory. Events of the day, etc. 

3. Tertiary.
   Partake of the character of "reverie." Very tempting and insidious. 

4. Quaternary. 
   Are closely connected with the control centre itself. Their nature is "How 
well I’m doing it," or "wouldn’t it be a good idea to ...?" These are prob-
ably emanations from the control, not messages to it. We might call them: 
"Aberrations of control." 
   Of a similar depth are the reflections which discover a break, but these are 
healthy warnings, and assist.

5. Quinary. 
   Never rise into consciousness at all, being held down by the most perfect control. 
Hence the blank of thought, the forgetfulness of all things, including the object. 
   Not partaking of any character at all, are the "meteor" thoughts which seem to 
be quite independent of anything the brain could think, or had ever thought. 
Probably this kind of thought is the root of irrational hallucinations, e.g., "And if 
you’re passing, won’t you?"282 {183} 

6. 
   Perhaps as a result of the intense control, a nervous storm breaks. This we 
call Dhyâna. Its character is probably not determined by the antecedents in 
consciousness. Its essential characteristic being the unity of Subject and 
Object, a new world is revealed. Samâdhi is but an expansion of this, so far as 
I can see. 
   The slaying of any of these thoughts often leaves their echoes gradually dying away. 

Now that we have come to the end of this long chapter, let us turn back on the upward slope and survey the road which winds beneath us, and lose not heart when but little of it can be seen, for the mountain’s side is steep, and the distance from our last halting-place seems so short, not on account of our idleness, but because of the many twists and turnings that the road has taken since we left our last camp below, when the sun was rising and all was golden with the joy of great expectations. For, in truth, we have progressed many a weary league, and from this high spot are apt to misjudge our journey, and belittle our labours, as we gaze down the precipitous slope which sweeps away at out feet.

In the last two years and a half P. had journeyed far, further than he at this time was aware of; and yet the goal of his journey seemed still so distant that only with difficulty could he bring himself to believe that he had progressed at all. Indeed, ti must have been discouraging to him to think that on the 6th of May 1901 he, in a meditation of thirty-two minutes had only experienced ten breaks, whilst during a meditation of similar length, on the 13th of July 1903, the number of breaks had been three times as many. But like most statistics, such a comparison is misleading: for the beginner, almost invariably, so clumsy is his will, catches {184} quickly enough the gross breaks, but lets the minor ones dart away from his grasp, like the small fry which with ease swim in and out of the fisherman’s net. Further, though in twelve meditations the number of breaks may be identical, yet the class of the breaks, much more so than the actual number, will tell the meditator, more certainly than anything else, whether he has progressed or has retrograded.

Thus at first, should the meditator practise with his eyes open, the number of breaks will in their swift succession form almost one unbroken interruption. Again, should the eyes be closed, then the ears detecting the slightest sound, the flow of the will will be broken, just as the faintest zephyr, on a still evening, will throw out of the perpendicular an ascending column of smoke. But presently, as the will gains power, the sense of hearing, little by little, as it comes under control, is held back from hearing the lesser sounds, then the greater, and at length all sounds. The vibrations of the will having repelled the sound vibrations of the air, and brought the sense of hearing into Equilibrium. Now the upward mounting filament of smoke has become the ascending columns of a great volcano, there is a titanic blast behind it,—a will to ascend. And as the smoke and flame is belched forth, so terrific is its strength, that even a hurricane cannot shake it or drive it from its course.

As the five senses become subdued, fresh hosts of difficulties spring up irrationally from the brain itself. And, whichever way we turn, a mob of subconscious thoughts pull us this way and that, and our plight in this truculent multitude is a hundred times worse than when we commenced to wrestle with the five senses. Like wandering comets and {185} meteorites they seemingly come from nowhere, splash like falling stars through the firmament of our meditation, sparkle and are gone; but ever coming as a distraction to hamper and harass our onward march.

Once the mind has conquered these, a fresh difficulty arises, the danger of not being strong enough to overcome the occult powers which, though the reward of our toils, are liable, like the Queen in her bedchamber, to seduce the Conqueror in spite of his having conquered the King her husband, and secretly slay him as he sleeps in her arms. These are the powers known in the West as the Miraculous Powers, in the East as Siddhis.

The mind is now a blank, the senses have been subdued, the subconscious thoughts slain; it stretches before us like some unspotted canvas upon which we may write or paint whatever we will. We can produce entrancing sounds at will, beautiful sights at will, subtle tastes and delicious perfumes; and after a time actual forms, living creatures, men and women and elementals. We smite the rock, and the waters flow at our blow; we cry unto the heavens, and fire rushes down and consumes our sacrifice; we become Magicians, begetters of illusion, and then, if we allow ourselves to become obsessed by them, a time comes when these illusions will master us, when the children we have begotten will rise up and dethrone us, and we shall be drowned in the waters that now we can no longer control and be burnt up by the flames that mock obedience, and scorn our word.

Directly we perform a miracle we produce a change: a change is Mara the Devil, and not God the Changeless One. And though we may have scraped clean the palimpsest of our {186} mind, our labours are in vain, if, when once it is stretched out spotless before us, we start scribbling over it our silly riddles, our little thoughts, our foolish "yeas" and "nays." The finger of God alone may write upon it, cleanly and beautifully, and the words that are written cannot be read by the eye or in the heart of man, for alone can they be understood by him who is worthy to understand them.

Now, though Frater P. had not as yet proved this, had not as yet accomplished the cleansing of the book of his mind, he had, however, built up on his own empirical observation so invulnerable a theory, that it now only remained for him to obtain that fine proportion, that perfect adjustment, that balancing of the Forces of the Will, which now lay before him like he chemicals in the crucible of a Chemist, before applying that certain heat which would dissolve all into one. He did not wish to rule by the Scptre he had won, but to transcend it; to rule the forces of this world, not by the authority that had been given him, but by his own essential greatness. And just as long before Mendeljeff had propounded the law of Periodicity, and by it had foreshadowed the existence of several undiscovered elements, so now did Frater P., by his law of the Correspondences of the Ruach, prove, not only historically, philosophically, theologically and mythologically the existence of the everywhere proclaimed Jechidah as being one, but in a lesser degree: that when an Egyptian thought of Ptah, a Greek of Iacchus, a Hindu of Parabrahman and a Christian of the Trinity as a Unity, they were not thinking of four Gods, but of one God, not of four conditions but of one condition, not of four results but of one result; and, that should they set out to attain unity with their ideal, the stages {187} they would progress through would be in all cases essentially the same, the differences, if any, being due to the mental limitations of the experimenter, his education and prejudices, and not because the roads were dissimilar. Thus by this law could he with certainty predict that if a certain exercise were undertaken certain stages would be passed through, and what these stages meant relative to the final result, irrespective of the creed, caste, or sect of the practicer.

Further, he had proved beyond doubt or quibble, that the terrific strain caused by the Eastern breathing exercises was no whit greater or less than that resulting from The Acts of Worship in an operation of Ceremonial Magic, that Dhâranâ and the Mantra yoga were in effect none other than a paraphrase of the Sacred Magic and the Acts of Invocation; and ultimately that the while system of Eastern yoga was but a synonym of Western Mysticism. Starting from the root, he had by now crept sufficiently far through the darkness of the black earth to predict a great tree above, and to prophecy concerning a Kingdom of Light and Loveliness; and, as a worm will detect its approach to the earth surface by the warmth of the mould, so did he detect by a sense, new and unknown to him, a world as different from the world he lived in as the world of awakenment differs from the world of dreams. Further, did he grow to understand, that, though as a sustenance to the tree itself one root might not be as important as another, yet that they all drew their strength from the self-same soil, and ultimately united in the one trunk above. Some were rotten with age, some dying, some again but feeders of useless shoots, but more sympathetically, more scientifically, they were all of one kind, the roots of one actual {188} living tree,dissimilar in shape but similar in substance, and all working for one definite end.

Thus did Frater P. by two years close and unabandoned experiment show, to his own satisfaction, that Yoga was nut the Art of uniting the mind to a single idea; and that Gnana-Yoga, Raja-Yoga, Bhakta-Yoga and Hatha-Yoga283 were but one class of methods leading to the same Result as attained to by The Holy Qabalah, The Sacred Magic, The Acts of Worship and The Ordeals of Western Ceremonial Magic; which again are but subsections of that One Art, the Art of uniting the mind to a Single Idea. And, that all these, The Union by Knowledge, The Union by Will, The Union by Love, The Union by Courage found their vanishing point in the Supreme Union through Silence; that Union in which understanding fails us, and beyond which we can no more progress than we can beyond the Equilibrium set forth as the Ultimate End by Gustave le Bon. There all knowledge ceases, and we like Bâhva, when he was questioned by Vâshkali, can only expound the nature of this Silence, as he expounded the nature of Brahman, by remaining silent, as the story relates:

And he said, "Teach me, most reverend Sir, the nature of Brahman." The other however remained silent. But when the question was put for a second or third time he answered, "I teach you indeed, but you do not understand; this Âtman is silent."

P. had not yet attained to this Silence; indeed it was the goal he had set out to accomplish, and though from the ridge {189} of the great mountain upon which he was standing the summit seemed but a furlong above him, it was in truth many a year’s weary march away, and ridge upon ridge lay concealed, and each as it was gained presented an increasing difficulty.

This Silence or Equilibrium is described in the "Shiva Sanhita"284 as Samâdhi:

"When the mind of the Yogi is absorbed in the Great God,285 then the fulness of Samâdhi286 is attained, then the Yogi gets steadfastness.287

Though Frater P. had not attained to this Steadfastness, he had won a decisive victory over the lower states of Dhyanâ as far back as October 1901, which shows that though he was still distant he was by degrees nearing a state in which he would find no more Worlds to Conquer.

However, up to this point, there are several results to record, which are of extreme importance to the beginner, in so much that some of them are arrived at by methods diametrically opposed to those held by the dogmatic Yogins.

At the very commencement of his Yoga exercises Frater P. discovered, that in so lecherous a race as the Hindus it is absolutely necessary before a Chela can be accepted by a Guru to castrate him spiritually and mentally.288 This being so, we {190} therefore find almost every master of note, from Sankaracharya down to Agamya Paramahamsa, insisting on the maintenance to the letter of the rules of Yama and Niyama, that is absolute Chastity in body and mind amongst their pupils.289

Now P. proved that the strict letter of the law of Chastity had no more to do with the ultimate success of attainment than refusing to work on a Sabbath had to do with a free pass to the Celestial regions, unless every act of chastity was computed and performed in a magical manner, each act becoming as it were a link in one great chain, a formula in one great operation, an operation not leading to Chastity, the symbol, but beyond Chastity to the essence itself namely the Âtman, Adonai. Further he proved to his own satisfaction that, though absolute Chastity might mean salvation to one man, inducing in the lecherous a speedy concentration, it might be the greatest hindrance to another, who was by nature chaste.290 {191} He realized that there were in this world she-mules as well as she-asses, and that though the former would never foal in spite of all the stallions of moultan, the latter seldom failed to do so after having been for a few minutes in the presence of a Margate jackass.

Discarding Chastity (Brahmachârya) a good purgative for the prurient he wrote in its place the word "Health." do not worry about this code and that law, about the jibber of this crank or the jabber of that faddist. to hell with ethical pigs and prigs alike. Do what you like"; but in the name of your own Higher Self wilfully do no injury to your own body or mind by over indulgence or under indulgence. Discover your normal appetite; satisfy it. Do not become a glutton, and do not become a nut-cracking skindlewig.

Soon after his arrival in Ceylon, and at the time that he was working with Frater I. A. the greatness of the Buddha, as we have already see, attracted him, and he turned his attention to the dogmatic literature of Buddhism only to find that behind its unsworded Cromwellian colossus,291 with all his rigid virtues, his stern reasoning, his uncharitableness, judicialism and impartiality, slunk a pack of pig-headed dolts, stubborn, asinine and mulish; slavish, menial and {192} gutless; puritanic, pharisaical and "suburban" as any seventeenth century presbyter, as biliously narrow-minded as any of the present day Bethelites, Baptists, and Bible-beer brewers.292

The dogmatism of literal Buddhism appalled him. The Five Precepts, which are the Yama and Niyama of Buddhism, he at once saw, in spite of Nagasena and prig Milinda, must be broken by every Arahat each time he inhaled a breath of air. They were as absurd as they were valueless. But behind all this tantalizing frou-frou, this lingerie de cocotte, beautifully designed to cover the narded limbs of foolish virgins, sits the Buddha in silent meditation; so that P. soon discovered that by stripping his body of all these tawdry trappings, this feminine under-wear, and by utterly discarding the copy-book precepts of Baptistical Buddhists, the Four Noble Truths were none other than the complete Yoga, and that in The Three Characteristics293 the summit of philosophy (The Ruach) had been reached.

The terrific strain of Asana and Prânâyâma, the two chief exercises of Hathavidya, P., by months of trial proved to be {193} not only methods of great use as a sedative before commencing a Magical Operation, but methods of inordinate importance to such aspirants, who, having discarded the Shibboleths of sect, have adopted the fatuities of reason. For it is more difficult for one who has no natural magical aptitude, and one who perhaps has only just broken away from faith and corrupted ritual, to carry out an operation of Western Magic, than it is for him to sit down and perform a rational exercise, such as the Prânâyâma exercises of Yoga, which carry with them their own result, in spite of the mental attitude of the chela towards them, so long as the instructions of the Guru are properly carried out.294

As already pointed out, the mere fact of sitting for a time in a certain position, of inhaling, exhaling and of holding the breath, brings with it, even in the case of the most obdurate sceptic, a natural concentration, an inevitable Pratyâhâra, which develops in the aspirant the Siddhis, those seemingly miraculous powers which distinguish an Adeptus Major from an Adeptus Minor, and entitle the possessor to the rank of 6=5.

From this discovery295 Frater P. made yet another, and this time one of still greater importance. And this was, that if the {194} Adept, when once the Siddhis were attained, by a self-control (a still higher concentration) refused to expend these occult powers,296 by degrees he accumulated within himself a terrific force; charged like a Leyden jar, instantaneously could he transmute this power into whatever he willed; but the act brought with it a recoil, and caused an exhaustion and a void which nullified the powers gained. Ultimately he proved that it was rather by the restraint of these occult (mental) powers than that of the bodily ones that Ojas is produced.297

By now he was beginning to learn that there was more than one way of opening the Lion’s jaws; and that gentleness and humility would often succeed where brutality and much boasting were sure to fail. The higher he ascended into the realms of the Ruach the more he realized the irrational folly of performing wonders before a mob of gargoyle-headed apes, of pulling the strings of mystical marionettes and reducing himself to the level of an occult Punch and Judy showman. He had attained to powers that were beyond the normal, and now he carried them secretly like some precious blade of Damascus steel, hidden in a velvet sheath, concealed from view, but ever ready to hand. He did not display his weapon to the wanton, neither did he brandish it before the {195} eyes of the gilded courtezan Babylon, thou harlot of the seven mansions of God’s Glory! But he kept it free from rust, sharp and glittering bright, so that when the time came wherein he should be called upon to use it, it might leap forth from its sheath like a flash of lightning from betwixt the lips of God, and slay him who had ventured to cross his path, silently, without even so much as grating against his bones. {196}

Part III | Index | Part V

Index | The Hermit | The Agnostic Position | The Vedanta | Attainment By Yoga | The Yogas | The Constitution of the Human Organism | The Chakkras | The Doctrines of Buddhism | The Noble Eightfold Path | The Writings of Truth

Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV | Part V | Part VI | Part VII | Part VIII | Part IX

1 ii Esdras, viii, 52-54.

2 Lamp of Invisible Light. L.I.L. The title of the first Æthyr derived from the initial letters of the Three Mighty Names of God. In all there are thirty of these AEthyrs, "whose dominion extendedth in ever widening circles without and beyond the Watch Towers of the Universe." In one sense rightly enough did P. bring to completion the work L.I.L. at the end of the year 1900; but, in another, it took him nine long years of toil before he perfected it, for it was not until the last days of the year 1909 that the work of the Thirty AEthyrs was indeed brought to an end. In 1900 verily was the work conceived, but not until the year 1909 was it brought forth a light unto the darkness, a little spark cast into the Well of Time. (P. merely means that at this time he established a secret Order of this name.)

3 The Signs are of Projection and Withdrawal of Force; necessary complements.

4 Lost under dramatic circumstances at Frater P. A.’s house in 1909.

5 Verworn in his "General Physiology" says: "It was found that the sole reality that we are able to discover in the world is mind. The idea of the physical world is only a product of the mind. ... But this idea is not the whole of mind, for we have many mental constituents, such as the simple sensations of pain and of pleasure, that are not ideas of bodies ... every process of knowledge, including scientific knowledge, is merely a psychical event. ... This fact cannot be banished by the well-known method of the ostrich" (pp. 39, 40). "The real mystery of mysteries is the mind of man. Why, with a pen or brush, one man sits down and makes a masterpiece, and yet another, with the self-same instruments and opportunities, turns out a daub or botch,is twenty times more curious than all the musings of the mystics, works of the Rosicrucians, or the mechanical contrivances which seem to-day so fine, and which our children will disdain as clumsy" (R. B. Cumminghame Graham in his preface to "The Canon").

6 Form here is synonymous with the Hindu Mâyâ, it is also the chief power of the Buddhist devil, Mara, and even of that mighty devil, Choronzon.

7 "The forces of the universe are only known to us, in reality, but disturbances of equilibrium. The state of equilibrium constitutes the limit beyond which we can no longer follow them" (Gustave le Bon, "The Evolution of Matter," p. 94).

8 Deussen, "The Philosophy of the Upanishads," p. 40. See also Berkeley’s "Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous."

9 Once the Unknown becomes known it becomes untrue, it loses its Virginity, that mysterious power of attraction the Unknown always possesses; it no longer represents our ideal, though it may form an excellent foundation for the next ideal; and so on until Knowledge and Nescience are out-stepped. General and popular Knowledge is like a common prostitute, the toy of any man. To maintain this purity, this virginity, are the mysteries kept secret from the multitude.

10 And yet again this is a sheer deceit, as every conceit must be.

11 Brihadâranjaka Upanishad, 2. 4. 5b.

12 The highest men are calm, silent and unknown. They are the men who really know the power of thought; they are sure that, even if they go into a cave and close the door and simply think five true thoughts and then pass away, these five thoughts of theirs will live through eternity. (Vivekânanda, "Karma Yoga," Udbodhan edition, pp. 164, 165.)

13 Or the Unconsciously Known.

14 Deussen, op. cit., p. 76.

15 "Rigveda" (Griffiths), i. 164. 46. "You may call the Creator of all things by different names: Liber, Hercules, Mercury, are but different names of the same divine being" (Seneca, iv, 7. 8).

16 "Chândogya Upanishad," 6. 1. 3. Also of "form."

17 That is to say, when he gains knowledge.

18 This is the meaning of "Nequaquam Vacuum."

19 Modern Materialism receives many a rude blow at the hands of Gustave le Bon. This great Frenchman writes: "These fundamental dogmas, the bases of modern science, the researches detailed in this work tend to destroy. If the principle of the conservation of energy—which, but the by, is simply a bold generalization of experiments made in very simple cases—likewise succumbs to the blows which are already attacking it, the conclusion must be arrived at that nothing in the world is eternal." ("The Evolution of Matter," p. 18.) In other words, all is full of birth, growth, and decay, that is Mâyâ. Form to the Materialist, Name to the Idealist, and Nothing to him who has risen above both.

20 "There are two persons of the Deity, one in heaven, and one which descended upon earth in the form of man (i.e., Adam Qadmon), and the Holly One, praised be It! unites them (in the union of Samâdhi, that is, of Sam (Greek σὺν, together with), and Adhi, Hebrew Adonai, the Lord). There are three Lights in the Upper Holy Divine united in One, and this is the foundation of the doctrine of Every-Thing, this is the beginning of the Faith, and Every-Thing is concentrated therein" ("Zohar III," beginning of paragraph. "She’meneeh," fol. 36a.

21 It is fully realized that outside the vastness of the symbol this "Fall of God" is as impertinent as it is unthinkable.

22 Brihadâranjaka Upanishad, 2. 4. 12.

23 The illusion of thinking ourselves similar to the Unity and yet separated from It.

24 Kena Upanishad, 11.

2526 I.e., "Existence is" אהיה אשר אהיה.

27 Brihadâranyaka Upanishad, 4. 3-4.

28 These refer to the mystic lights in man. Compare this with the Diagram 2 "The Paths and Grades" in "The Neophyte." After the Âtman in the aspirant has been awakened by the trumpet of Israfel (The Angel) he proceeds by the path of ש . The next path the Aspirant must travel is that of ר —the Sun; the next that of ק —the Moon; the next that of צ —the Star. This path brings him to the Fire of Netzach. When this fire is extinguished comes the Voice or Lightning, after which the Light which guides the aspirant is Himself, his Holy Guardian Angel, the Âtman—Adonai.

29 The Âtman.

30 As the light of a lamp brought into a dark room is reflected by all surfaces around it, so is the illumination of the Adept reflected even by his unilluminated followers.

31 Shiva Sanhita, ii, 43, 45, 51.

32 Work and the effects of work.; The so-called law of Cause and Effect in the moral and physical worlds.

33 The four âshramas are (1) To live as a Brahmachârin—to spend a portion of one’s life with a Brahman teacher. (2) To live as a Grihastha—to rear a family and carry out the obligatory sacrifices. (3) To live as a Vânaprastha—to withdraw into solitude and meditate. (4) To live as a Sannyâsin—to await the spirit’s release into the Supreme Spirit.

34 At the time of the Pralaya.

35 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. 1.

36 Besides these, there are several lesser known Yogas, for the most part variant of the above such as: Ashtânga, Laya, and Târaka. See "Hatha-Yoga Pradipika," p. iii.

37 The "Bhagavad-Gâta." Fifth Discourse, 2-5.

38 Ibid. Second Discourse, 53.

39 Ibid. Ninth Discourse, 27, 34.

40 Vivekânanda, "Raja Yoga," Udbodhan edition, pp. 51, 52. "Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight and the rough ways shall be made smooth. ... Prepare ye the way of Adonai." --- Luke, iii, 5, 4.

41 "The Bhagavad-Gâta," iv, 33, 37, 38. Compare with the above "The Wisdom of Solomon," "e.g.": "For wisdom, which is the worker of all things, taught me; for in her is an understanding spirit, holy, one only, manifold, subtle, lively, clear, undefiled, plain, not subject to hurt, loving the thing that is good, quick, which cannot be letted, ready to do good. ... for wisdom is more moving than any motion; she passeth and goeth through all things by reason of her pureness. For she is the breath of the power of God." (Chap. VII, 22, 24, 25.)

42 "Yoga or Transformation," p. 196. Control, or Restraint, is the Key to Karma Yoga; weakness is its damnation. Of the Karma Yogi Vivekânanda writes: "He goes through the streets of a big city with all their traffic, and his mind is as calm as if he were in a cave, where not a sound could reach him; and he is intensely working all the time." "Karma Yoga," p. 17.

43 See Vivekânanda’s "Bhakti-Yoga," pp. 62-68.

44 Deussen. "The Upanishads," p. 390.

45 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. v. The seed in each case is the Mantra.

46 The Absolute.

47 Nârada Sûtra. Translated by T. Sturdy. Also see the works of Bhagavan Ramanuja, Bhagavan Vyasa, Prahlada, and more particularly Vivekânanda’s "Bhakti Yoga." Bhakta Yoga is divided into two main divisions. (1) The preparatory, known as "Gauni"; (2) The devotional, known as "Par ." Thus it very closely resembles, even in detail, the Operation of Abramelin, in which the aspirant, having thoroughly prepared himself, devotes himself to the invocation of his Holy Guardian Angel.

48 In Bhakta Yoga the disciple usually devotes himself to his Guru, to whom he offers his devotion. The Guru being treated as the God himself with which the Chela wishes to unite. Eventually "He alone sees no distinctions! The mighty ocean of love has entered unto him, and he sees not men, animals and plants or the sun, moon and the stars, but beholds his Beloved everywhere and in everything. Vivekânanda, "Bhakti Yoga," Udbodham edition, p. 111. The Sufis were Bhakti Yogis, so was Christ. Buddha was a Gnani Yogi.

49 A Guru is as necessary in Yoga as a Music master is in Music.

50 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iii.

51 Ibid., chap. v, 184, 185. The aspirant should firstly, join the assembly of good men but talk little; secondly, should eat little; thirdly, should renounce the company of men, the company of women, all company. He should practise in secrecy in a retired palace. "For the sake of appearances he should remain in society, but should not have his heart in it. he should not renounce the duties of his profession, caste or rank, but let him perform these merely as an instrument without any thought of the event. By thus doing there is no sin." This is sound Rosicrucian doctrine, by the way.

52 "Hatha-Yoga Pradipika," pp. 5, 6. Note the similarity of these conditions to those laid down in "The Book of the Sacred Magic." Also see "Gheranda Sanhita," p. 33.

53 "Hatha-Yoga Pradipika," p. 22. On the question of food Vivekânanda in his "Bhakti Yoga," p. 90, says: "The cow does not eat meat, nor does the sheep. Are they great Yogins? ... Any fool may abstain from eating meat; surely that alone give him no more distinction than to herbivorous animals." Also see "Gheranda Sanhita," pp. 34-36.

54 "Shiva Sanhita," iii, 37.

55 Ibid., iii, 33.

56 Vivekânanda, "Karma-Yoga," p. 62.

57 As in the case of Jesus, the aspirant, for the joy that is set before him, must "dare" to endure the cross, despising the shame; if he would be "set down at the right hand of the throne of God." Hebrews, xii, 2.

58 "If there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God" (1 Corinthians, xiv, 28) has more than one meaning.

59 "And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half and hour" (Rev. viii, 1).

60 "Hatha-Yoga Pradipika," p. 2.

61 In all the Mysteries the partakers of them were always such as had not committed crimes. It will be remembered that Nero did not dare to present himself at the Eleusinian (Sueton. "vit. Nero," e. 3A). And Porphyry informs us that "in the Mysteries honour to parents was enjoined, and not to injure animals" ("de Abstinentia," iv, 22).

62 Certainly not in the case of the Mahometan Religion and its Sufi Adepts, who drank the vintage of Bacchus as well as the wine of Iacchus. The question of Chastity is again one of those which rest on temperament and not on dogma. It is curious that the astute Vivekânanda should have fallen into this man-trap.

63 Swami Vivekânanda, "Raja Yoga," p. 45.

64 The Bhagavad-Gâta, vi, 16, 17.

65 Or more correctly as the Buddhist puts its—skilfulness and unskilfulness.

66 "Konx om Pax," by A. Crowley, pp. 62, 63.

67 The Marriage of Heaven and Hell.

68 Ibid.

69 Visions of the Daughters of Albion.

70 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 30. Dhauti is of four kinds: Antardhauti (internal washing); Dantdhauti (cleaning the teeth); Hriddhauti (cleaning the heart); Mulashodhana (cleaning the anus). Basti is of two kinds, Jala Basti (water Basti) and Sukshma Basti (dry Basti) and consists chiefly in dilating and contracting the sphincter muscle of the anus. Neti consists of inserting a thread into the nostrils and pulling it out through the mouth, Trataka in steadying the eyes, Nauli in moving the intestines, and Kapâlabhâti, which is of three kinds, Vyât-krama, Vâma-krama, and Sit-krama, of drawing in wind or water through the nostrils and expelling it by the mouth, and "vice versâ". Also see "Gheranda Sanhita," pp. 2-10. This little book should be read in conjunction with the "Hatha Yoga Pradipika."

71 The "Gheranda Sanhita" gives thirty-two postures.

72 The "Shiva Sanhita," pp. 25, 26.

73 The imaginary "triangle of flesh" near the perinaeum.

74 Besides the 72,000 nerves or veins there are often 101 others mentioned. These 101 chief veins each have 100 branch veins which again each have 72,000 tributary veins. The total (101 + 101 x 100 x 100 x 72,000) equals 727,210,201. The 101st is the Sushumnâ. Yoga cuts through all these, except the 101st, stripping away all consciousness until the Yogi "is merged in the supreme, indescribable, ineffable Brahman." Also see "Gheranda Sanhita," p. 37. The Nâadis are known to be purified by the following signs: (1) A clear skin. (2) A beautiful voice. (3) A calm appearance of the face. (4) Bright eyes. (5) Hearing constantly the Nâda.

75 The Sushumnâ may in more than one way be compared to Prometheus, or the hollow reed, who as the mediator between heaven and earth transmitted the mystic fire from the moon. Again the Mahalingam or ο̕φαλλὸσ. For further see "The Canon," p. 119.

76 Manas and Chittam differ as the movement of the waters of a lake differ from the water itself.

77 Manas and Chittam differ as the movement of the waters of a lake differ from the water itself.

78 H. P. Blavatsky in "Instruction No. 1" issued to members of the first degree of her Eastern School of Theosophy (marked "Strictly Private and Confidential!") deals with those Kos’as on p. 16. But it is quite impossible here to attempt to extract from these instructions the little sense they may contain on account of the numerous Auric Eggs, Âkâsic envelopes, Karmic records, Dâvâchanic states, etc., etc. On p. 89 of "Instruction No. III" we are told that the Sushumnâ "is" the Brahmarandhra, and that there is "an enormous difference between Hatha and Raja Yoga." Plate III of Instructions No. II is quite Theosophical, and the third rule out of the Probationers’ pledge, "I pledge myself never to listen, without protest, to any evil thing spoken falsely, or yet unproven, of a brother Theosophist, and to abstain from condemning others," seems to have been consistently acted upon ever since.

79 Compare with the Kundalini the Serpent mentioned in paragraph 26 of "The Book of Concealed Mystery." Note too the lotus-leaf that backs the throne of a God is also the hood of the Cobra. So too the Egyptian gods have the serpent upon the brow.

80 Provided the other exits are duly stopped by Practice. The danger of Yoga is this, that one may awaken the Magic Power before all is balanced. A discharge takes place in some wrong direction and obsession results.

81 The forcing of the Kundalini up the Sushumnâ and through the six Chakkras to the Sahasrâra, is very similar to Rising on the Planes through Malkuth, Yesod, the Path of פ;, Tiphereth, the Path of ט, and Daäth to Kether, by means of the Central Pillar of the Tree of Life.

82 The following Mystical Physiology is but a symbolic method of expressing what is night inexpressible, and in phraseology is akin to Western Alchemy, the physiological terms taking the place of the chemical ones.

83 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. v.

84 "Ibid,", chap. v,107, 108, 109. This is probably wrong, as the sun is usually placed in the Manipûra Chakkra. In the body of a man the Pingala is the solar current, the Ida the lunar. In a woman these are reversed.

85 "Ibide.", chap. v, 75.

86 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. v, 76, 77. Compare this Chakkra to the lunar and sexual Yesod of the Qabalah; also note that the power here attained to is that of Skrying.

87 Ibid., chap. ii, 32. This Chakkra corresponds to Tiphareth.

88 Ibid., chap. v, 82.

89 Ibid., chap. v, 85, 86, 87.

90 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. v, 110.

91 Ibid., chap. v, 49.

92 Though all Hindu works proclaim that the Sahasrâra has but one thousand petals, its true number is one thousand and one as depicted in the diagram called the Yogi. 10001 = 91 x 11 (‪אמן‬ x ‪אדני‬); 91 = ‪יהוה‬ + ‪אדני‬ 11 = ABRAHADABRA = 418 (38 x 11) = Achad Osher, or one and ten, = the Eleven Averse Sephiroth = Adonai. Also 91 = 13 x 7 ‪אחד‬ x ARARITA, etc., etc. 11 is the Number of the Great Work, the Uniting of the Five and the Six, and 91 = mystic number (1+2+3...+ 13) of 13 = Achad = 1.

93 Ibid., chap. v, 50.

94 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. v. It does not follow that missionaries are Yogis.

95 Compare. "From the Skull of the Ancient Being wells forth Dew, and this Dew will wake up the dead to a new life."—The Zohar, "Idra Rabba." "I will be as a dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon."—Hosea, xiv. 5.

96 This is according to the "Shiva Sanhita." "The Hatha Yoga Pradipika" places the Sun in the Svadisthâna Chakkra. The Manipûra Chakkra is however probably the correct one.

97 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 53.

98 Fabulous ages are attributed to many of the Yogis. See Flagg’s "Yoga," chap. xxviii; and "OM" by Sabhapaty Swami, p. vi.

99 We believe this to be the exoteric explanation of this symbolism, the esoteric one being that Shiva represents the Solar or Spiritual Force, and Shakti the lunar or Bodily, the union of these two cancels out the pairs of opposites and produces Equilibrium.

100 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iv, 1-11. Also see "Gheranda Sanhita," p. 23.

101 The Jalandhara Banda is performed by contracting the throat and pressing the chin firmly against the breast.

102 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," pp. 45, 46. Also see "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iv, 11-20. The breath is always exhaled slowly so as not to expend the Prâna.

103 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 47; "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iv, 21, 22.

104 "Hatha-Yoga Pradipika," p. 48; "Shiva Sanhita," vol. iv, 23-30.

105 "Shiva Sanhita," chap iv, 31. This is perhaps the most important of the Mudras. The "Hatha Yoga Pradipika" gives a long description of how the "fraenum linguae" is cut. See pp. 49-56.

106 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 57; "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iv, 48- 52.

107 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 58; "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iv, p. 41-44.

108 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 60; "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iv, 38- 40.

109 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 62; "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iv, 45- 47. Again this is the union of Shiva and Shakti, and that of the solar and lunar Pingala and Ida by means of the Sushumnâ—the path of the gods.

110 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iv, 76-81.

111 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," pp. 63, 69.

112 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iv, 53-75.

113 On the doctrines of this mudra many popular American semi- occult works have been written, such as "Karezza," "Solar Biology," and "The Goal of Life."

114 It is to be noted here that the union is again that of the mystical Shakti and Shiva, but now within the man. All this symbolism is akin to that made use of by the Sufis.

115 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iv, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63.

116 "Any person if he actively practises Yoga becomes a Siddha; be he young, old or even very old, sickly or weak. Siddhis are not obtained by wearing the dress of a Yogi, or by talking about them; untiring practice is the secret of success" ("Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 25).

117 For further powers see Flagg’s "Transformation or Yoga," pp. 169, 181.

118 Such as: Apana, Samana, Udana, Vyana, Haga, Kurma, Vrikodara, Devadatta, Dhanajaya, etc., etc.

119 Raja-Yoga, "Vivekânanda," p. 23. See Eliphas Levi’s "The Dogma and Ritual of Magic," pp. 121, 158, 192, and Huxley’s "Essay on Hume," p. 155.

120 Raja-Yoga, "Vivekânanda," pp. 36, 37.

121 "Bhagavad-Gâta," vi, 34, 35.

122 The whole of this ancient symbolism is indeed in its very simplicity of great beauty. The highest of physical emotions, namely, love between man and woman, is taken as its foundation. This love, if allowed its natural course, results in the creation of images of ourselves, our children, who are better equipped to fight their way that we on account of the experiences we have gained. But, if this love is turned into a supernatural channel, that is to say, if the joys and pleasures of this world are renounced for some higher ideal still, an ideal super-worldly, then will it become a divine emotion, a love which will awake the human soul and urge it on through all obstructions to its ultimate union with the Supreme soul. To teach this celestial marriage to the Children of earth even the greatest masters must make use of worldly symbols; thus it has come about that corruption has cankered the sublimest of truths, until man’s eyes, no longer seeing the light, see but the flameless lantern, because of the filth that has been cast about it.

123 Malay [pearl divers can remain from three to five minutes under water.

124 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 79.

125 Also see "The Yogasara-Sangraha," p. 54.

126 The Voice of the Nada.

127 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 43.

128 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 28; the "Svetasvatara Upanishad;" and the "Shiva Sanhita," chap. iii, 25.

129 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 28.

130 "Shiva Sanhita," p. xlix. This in the "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 91, is called the Shanmukhi Mudra. Enormous concentration is needed in all these Prânâyâma exercises, and, if the aspirant wishes to succeed, he must inflame himself with a will to carry them out to their utmost, just as in the Ceremonial Exercises of Abramelin he inflamed himself to attain to the Holy Vision through Prayer. The mere act of restraining the breath, breathing it in and out in a given time, so occupies the mind that it has "no time" to think of any external object. For this reason the periods of Kumbhaka should always be increased in length, so that, by making the exercise little by little more difficult, greater concentration may be gained. Fra. P. writes: "If Kumbhaka be properly performed, the body and mind become suddenly ‘frozen.’ The will is for a moment free, and can hurl itself toward Adonai perhaps with success, before memory again draws back the attention to the second-hand of the watch."

131 "Raja Yoga," Vivekânanda, p. 48. It will be noticed that Prânâyâma itself naturally merges into Pratyâhâra as concentration on the breath increase.

132 "The Unity of Jîva and Brahman, Srimat Sânkarâchârya," paragraph 121.

133 "Unity of Jîva and Brahman, Srimat Sânkarâchârya," paragraph 122.

134 See Chapter V, 43-51.

135 Compare the Abramelin instructions with these.

136 The Nada.

137 Compare Eliphas Levi, "Doctrine and Ritual of Magic," p. 195.

138 Imagine the objective world to be represented by a sheet of paper covered with letters and the names of things, and our power of concentration to be a magnifying glass: that power is of no use, should we wish to burn that paper, until the rays of light are "focussed." By moving the glass or paper with our hand we obtain the right distance. In the above the Will takes the place of the hand.

139 See also "The Yogasara-Sangraha," p. 74.

140 It is to be noted that the symbolism made use of here is almost identical with that so often made use of in the Yoga Shastras and in the Vedanta. The union of Kundalini (Shakti) and Shiva.

141 Revelation, xxi, 1-4.

142 "The Bhagavad-Gâta," ii, 69, 70; vi, 32. Cf. "Konx om Pax," pp. 73-77.

143 The ordinary Egyptian Winged-Globe is here meant, but as visualized by the mind’s eye; the meditation then takes place on the image in the mind. so with the following practises.

144 Tejas-Âkâsa is the Element of Fire. It is symbolized by a red triangle of fire with a black egg in the centre. See "777", col. LXXV, p. 16. See Diagram 84.

145 Apas-Vâyu is the Element of Water and is symbolized by a black egg of Spirit in the Silver Crescent of Water. See "777", col. LXXV, p. 16. See Diagram 84.

146 The Golden Dawn symbol of the Flaming Sword. See Diagram 12.

147 By this is meant watching the swing of an imaginary pendulum. The difficulty is to keep it in one plane, as it tries to swing round; also to change its rate.

148 In these records "M" means morning and "E" evening.

149 The Egyptian Key of Life. See Diagram 61.

150 Lamp of the Invisible Light.

151 In the mind.

152 The visualized form of the goddess Isis.

153 That is to say she kept on moving out of the line of mental sight.

154 See Diagram 80. A scarlet rose on a gold cross.

155 At this point P. made the following resolve: "I resolve to increase my powers very greatly by the aid of the Most High, until I can meditate for twenty-four hours on one object."

156 The Akâsic egg of spirit set between the Pillars of Mercy and Severity with a ray of light descending upon it from Kether.

157 There Golden Dawn Symbol here meditated upon consisted of a white triangle surmounted by a red cross. See Diagram 4.

158 This meditation took place whilst P. was on a journey.

159 these meditations are called Objective Cognitions, by concentrating on certain nerve centres super-physical sensations are obtained.

160 Normally in these experiments the figure does move more often.

161 Normally this is so.

162 In the position many of the Egyptian gods assume.

163 Qy.: Is this from habit of expecting living things to move? I can, I think, succeed in keeping them still.—Note by P.

164 This danger is also experienced by such as carry out Black Magical Operations. The current of will often returns and injures the Magician who willed it.

165 Soror F. the same as Soror S.S.D.F.

166 This description of Hong-Kong is as correct as can be expected from so short a visit. The conversation was subsequently verified by letter, and also again when they met several years later.

167 He resolved the ש of ש Operation into seven parts.

168 The ש of ש Operation, see also the Magical invocation of the Higher Genius: chapter "The Sorcerer." And Liber O iii THE EQUINOX, vol. i, No. 2.

169 See chapter, "The Seer," also Liber O v THE EQUINOX, vol. 1, No. 2.

170 The invocation of the Guardian Angel under the form of a talisman.

  How to draw it.
       Draw the name ‪אדני‬ as follows:
       א  = A winged crown radiating white brilliance.
       ד  = The head and neck of a beautiful woman with a stern and fixed expres-
             sion, and hair long dark and waving. (Malkuth.)
       נ  = The arms and hands, which are bare and strong, stretched out to the 
             right and left at right angles to the body, in the left hand a gold cup 
             and in right ears of ripe corn.  From her shoulders dark spreading wings.
       י  = A deep yellow-green robe, upon the breast of which is a square gold 
             lamen decorated with four scarlet Greek crosses.Round her waist is 
             a broad gold belt upon which in scarlet letters is written the name 
             ‪אדני אהרצ‬ in the letters of the alphabet of Honorius.  Her feet are
             flesh coloured, and she wears golden sandals.  Her long yellow-green 
             drapery is rayed with olive, and beneath her feet roll black clouds lit 
             with lurid patches of colour.
  How to perform it.
      (1)  Commence with lesser pentagram Banishing Ritual.
      (2)  Formulate rose-cross round room (First, top to bottom; second left to 
           right; third the rose as a circle dextro-rotary).
      (3)  The LVX sings in 5 = 6 towards the four cardinal points.
      (4)  Formulate before you in white flashing brilliance the eight letters 
  thus:
      (5)  Attach yourself to your Kether and imagine you see a               א
  white light there.                                                          ד
      (6)  Having thus formulated the letters, take a deep breath       א ד נ י ה א ר צ
  and pronounce the name slowly making the letters flash                      נ
      (7)  Invoke the Telesmatic image.  Let it fill the Universe.            י
      (8)  Then whilst once again vibrating the Name absorb it                ה
  into yourself; and then will your aura radiate with whiteness               א
        You should obtain your Divine White Brilliance before                 ר
  formulating the Image.  There are two methods, the involving and            צ
  the expanding whorls respectively.

171 Similar to the D. A. Mediation Practices.

172 Similar to Fra. I. A.’s ritual of Jupiter.

173 This is done by making the telesmata flash by meditation.

174 This is done by projecting a physical image of the self in front of one by meditation.

175 The Elemental Tablets of Dr. Dee; see Diagrams in "The Vision and the Voice."

176 Ideas for mental Concentration. Concentration on Scarlet Sphere in Tiphereth. Let it slowly rise into Daäth and darken, after which into Kether and be a white brilliance; thence fling it flashing, or bring it down and keep it in Tiphereth.

177 In all cases when the name alone is mentioned a mediation practice is understood. Prithivi-Apas corresponds to water of earth. It is symbolized by a silver crescent drawn within a yellow square. See Diagram 84.

178 I.e., Self in Âkâsa between pillars with white ray descending.

179 Heaven

180 An Eleven pointed Star.

181 P. at various times used the "Invocation of the Bornless one" as given in "The Goetia"; also the Pentagram rituals in Liber O.

182 The first six Angelic Keys of Dr. Dee.

183 The explanation of the 5 = 6 Ritual. See Chapter "The Adept."

184 The colour of Chokmah.

185 See Plate VI. "The Kabbalah Unveiled," S. L. Mathers.

186 It is to be noted that this Vision is of a fiery nature, and that it was experienced shortly after meditating upon Tejas-Apas.

187 Very similar to the older form of "Temperance" in Taro.

188 See Liber O, THE EQUINOX, vol. i, No. 2; Plate, "Signs of the Grades," i; and vol. i, No. 1; Plates the "Silent Watcher" and "Blind Force."

189 The four letters of the Air line in the "Little Tablet of Union" which unites the four great Watch Towers of the Elements (see Dr. Dee’s system, also Golden Dawn MS. entitled "The Concourse of the Forces)." Thus the T of Nanta represents Earth of Earth the Empress of Pantacles in the Taro, and that letter is used as an initial for names of angels drawn from the Earthy corner of the Earth tablet. For further see the EQUINOX, vol. i, No. 5.


DIAGRAM 87.
The Spirit Table

{Illustration on page 119 approximated:

 █▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀█
 █      ┌___┬___┬___┬___┬___┐ █
 █Air   │ E │ X │ A │ R │ P │ █
 █      ├___┼___┼___┼___┼___┤ █
 █Water │ H │ C │ O │ M │ A │ █
 █      ├___┼___┼___┼___┼___┤ █
 █Spirit│ N │ A │ N │ T │ A │ █
 █      ├___┼___┼___┼___┼___┤ █
 █ Dee  │ B │ I │ T │ O │ M │ █
 █      └___┴___┴___┴___┴___┘ █
 █      .air Water Spirit Dee █ 
 █▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄█ 
DIAGRAM 87. The Spirit Table}

190 A draft had been send only payable in Hong-Kong on personal application. He was consequently afraid lest by staying too long in Japan he should become "stranded."

191 Harpocrates.

192 Meditation upon Nirvana.

193 I.e., no longer through reason or imagination.

194 Harpocrates being the meditative God.

195 In this exercise the pendulum tends to swing out of plane. Here are Frater P.’s two methods of correcting it: (a) Fix mind on the two points of a pendulum-swing and move pendulum sharply like chronograph hand, keeping them fixed and equal in size. Pendulum recovers its plane. (b) Follow swing carefully throughout keeping size exact. This more legitimate but more difficult.

196 Invoked angel of Nirvana as H.P.K. on lotus. Note P.’s complete ignorance of Buddhism, at this date.

197 I.e., the Peace which had been enfolding him for so many days. See entry July 14th.

198ק‬=Kether ‪ג‬=Path of Gimel ‪ת‬=Tiphereth ‪ס‬=Path of Samech ‪י‬=Yesod ‪ת‬=Path of Tau.

199 The world of unrest and transiency, of birth and death.

200 The Great Attainment of Buddhism. Our terminology now degenerates into the disgusting vulgarity of the Pali dialect.

201 The Mahâyâna Buddhists’ Boundless Light. Compared with the canonical Nibbâna it bears a very similar relation to it as the Ain soph Aur, the Illimitable Light, does to the Ain, the negatively Existent One. In the Brihadâranyka Upanishad 4. 4. 66. Brahman is termed "jyotishâm jyotis" which means "the light of lights" a similar conception.

202 We have seen how in the Chândogya Upanishad that all things, including even the four Vedas, are called "nâma eva" mere name. Now in "The Questions of King Milinda" we find Nâgasena stating that all things but "name and form," whatever is subtle, mental, is "name." But that both are dependent on each other, and spring up, not separately, but together. "The Questions of King Milinda," ii. 2. 8.

203 It must not be forgotten that in its ultimate interpretation the Âtman is the Ain, however we use this reading as seldom as possible, as it is so very vague.

204 Dhammapada, v. 1.

205 "The Questions of King Milinda," iv. I, 48. See also the story of the holy Quail in Rhys Davids’ "Buddhist Birth Stories," p. 302. These Iddhis are also called Abhijnyâs. There are six of them: (1) clairvoyance; (2) clairaudience; (3) powers of transformation; (4) powers of remembering past lives; (5) powers of reading the thoughts of others; (6) the knowledge of comprehending the finality of the stream of life. See also "Konx om Pax," pp. 47, 48.

206 "The Questions of King Milinda," iii, 4, 6.

207 Ibid., iii, 5, 10.

208 It is curious how, inversely according to the amount of morality preached is morality practised in America; in fact there are almost as many moral writers there as there are immoral readers. Paul Carus is as completely ignorant of Buddhism as he is about the art of nursing babies he has written on both these subjects and many more, all flatulently.

209 Chândogya, 3, 13, 7.

210 Twenty-three centuries later Kant falling over this crux postulated his "twelve categories," or shall we say "emanations," and thereby started revolving once again the Sephirothic Wheel of Fortune.

211 In spite of the fact that Buddhism urges that "The whole world is under the Law of Causation," it commands its followers to lead pure and noble lives, in palace of dishonourable ones, in spite of their having no freedom of choice between good and evil. "Let us not lose ourselves in vain speculations of profitless subtleties," says the Dhammapada, "let us surrender self and all selfishness, and as all things are fixed by causation, let us practise good so that good may result from our actions." Just as if it could possibly be done if "all things are fixed." The Buddhist, in theory having postulated that all fowls lay hardboiled eggs, adds, the ideal man is he who can only make omelettes.

212 "The Questions of King Milinda," iv, 2, 5.

213 Ibid., iii, 5, 6.

214 Ibid., iii, 4, 4.

215 Compare "Mândûkya Upanishad," 1, 16.

                In the infinite illusion of the universe 
                The soul sleeps; when it awakes 
                Then there wakes in it the Eternal, 
                Free from time and sleep and dreams.

216 Most Buddhists will raise a terrific howl when they read this; but, in spite of their statement that the Hindu Nirvana, the absorption into Brahman, corresponds not with their Nibbâna, but with their fourth Arûpa-Vimokha, we nevertheless maintain, that in essence Nirvana and Nibbâna are the same, or in detail, if logic is necessary in so illogical an argument, it certainly sided rather with Nirvana than Nibbâna. Nibbâna is Final says the Buddhist, when once an individual enters it there is no getting out again, in fact a kind of Spiritual Bastille, for it is Niccain, changeless; but Brahman is certainly not this, for all things in the Universe originated from him. This is as it should be, though we see little difference between proceeding from to proceeding to, when it comes to a matter of First and Last Causes. The only reason why the Buddhist does not fall into the snare, is, not because he has explained away Brahman, but because he refuses to discuss him at all. Further the Buddhist argues that should the Hindu even attain by the exaltation of his selfhood to Arûpa Brahma-loka, though for a period incalculable he would endure there, yet in the end Karma would once again exert its sway over him, "and he would die as an Arûpa Brahma-loka, though for a period incalculable he would endure there, yet in the end Karma would once again exert its sway over him, "and he would die as an Arûpabrahmaloka-Deva, his Sankhâras giving rise to a being according to the nature of his unexhausted Karma." In "Buddhism," vol. i, No. 2, p. 323, we read: "To put it another way; you say that the Universe came from Brahman, and that at one time naught save the Brahman was. Then ’In the beginning Desire arose in it, which was the primal germ of Mind.’ Where did that desire come from, if the Brahman was the All, and the Unchangeable.... Again, if the Brahman was the All, and was perfect, then what was the object of this emanation of a Sorrow-filled Universe?" The Vedântist would naturally answer to this: "To put it in another way; you say that the Universe will go to Nibbâna, and that at one time naught save Nibbâna will be. Then in the end Desire dies in it, which was the primal germ of mind. Where will that desire go to, if Nibbâna will be the All, and will be perfect, then what will be the object of this emanation of a Sorrow-filled Universe?’ This is all the merest twaddle of a Hyde Park atheist or Christian Evidence preacher. Granted the Hindu Brahman is rationally ridiculous, yet nevertheless it is more rational to suppose a continuous chain of Sorrowful universes and states of oblivion than an unaccounted-for State of Sorrow and an unaccountable Finality. It is as rational or irrational to ask where "Brahman" came from, as it is to ask where "Karma" came from. Both are illusions, and as discussion of the same will only create a greater tangle than ever, let us cut the Gordian knot by leaving it alone, and set out to become Arahats, and enter the house which so mysteriously stands before us, and see what is really inside it, instead of mooning in the back garden and speculating about its contents, its furniture, the size of its rooms, and all the pretty ladies that scandal or rumour supposes that it shelters. To work! over the garden wall, and with Romeo cry:

             Can I go forward when my heart is here? 
             Turn back, dull earth, and find thy centre out. 

217 Kâthaka Upanishad, 5, 15.

218 The Book of Solemn Utterances.

219 Vol. i, No. 2, p. 293.

220 Buddhism, vol. i, No. 2, p. 299, abridged.

221 Dhammapada, v, 103.

222 Dhammapada, v, 21.

223 "The Questions of King Milinda," ii, 1, 7, 9, 13.

224 Ibid., 13.

225 It will be noticed that this is the third sense in which this hard-working word is employed.

226 The Sutta of the Foundation of the Kingdom of Truth.

227 [We respect the following noble attempt to rewrite Buddhism in the Universal Cipher, not unaware that the flatulent Buddhists of to-day will eructate their cacodylic protests. An orthodox Buddhist account is to be found in "The Sword of Song," by A. Crowley, article "Science and Buddhism."—ED.]

228 "The Noble Eightfold Path," by James Allen, in "Buddhism," vol. i, No. 2, p. 213. A most illuminating essay on this difficult subject.

229 The same as the "inflamed by prayer" of Abramelin.

230 Ibid., p. 213.

231 The two serpents and central rod of the Caduceus are in Yoga represented by the Ida, Pingala and Sushumnâ. The wings closed, to the Ajna-lotus; open and displaying the solar disk, to the Sahasâra Chakkra.

232 Ibid., p. 216.

233 Another and perhaps a more comprehensive way of attributing the Noble Eightfold Path to the Tree of Life is as follows: The first and second steps Right Comprehension and Right Resolution, may from their purging nature fitly be compared to Yama and Niyama and also to the Earthly and Lunar natures of Malkuth and Yesod. The third and fourth Right Speech and Right Action, in their yearning and striving are by nature as unbalanced as Hod and Netzach which are represented by Fire and Water and by Mercury and Venus respectively. Then comes the fifth stage of poise Right Livelihood; this is also a stage of exemption from worldly motion, and a stage which brings all below it to a finality and which may be compared to Tiphereth in its solar Aspect or to the Manipura Chakkra. The sixth and seventh stages Right Effort and Right Thought, are stages of "definitely directed power" closely related to Geburah and Chesed Mars and Jupiter. And then finally comes the eighth stage Right Meditation, again a summary of the three stages below it, which may be compared as the Three Supernals or the Sahasâra Chakkra. [Compare with the essay "Science and Buddhism" in the "Sword of Song" by A. Crowley, and the writings of Ananda Metteya. Here are then three men who have worked both severally and collectively, who yet apparently hold irreconcilable views as to what Buddhism is. What better proof is needed of the fact that all intellectual study ultimates in mental chaos?]

234 No rough working is given in this volume; it is only a compendium of Results.

235 The goddess Isis, Deir, Kali, Sakti, etc., in her aspect as the patroness of Meditation. There are five principal meditations. Metta-Bhâvanâ, on love; Karunâ-Bhâvanâ, on pity; Muditâ-Bhâvanâ, on joy; Asubha-Bhâvanâ on impunity; and Upekshâ-Bhâvanâ, on serenity. But see "777", col. xxiii, p. 9.

236 Old native name for Ceylon.

237 Frater I.A.’s Eastern name, afterwards changed to Ananda Metteya.

238 Any who have undergone this test will readily understand how severe it is. The speaker says something with a view to break the meditation of the meditator. Meanwhile the meditator must so strengthen his will, that he "wills" to remain in his meditation uninterrupted; and yet in the end, though his mind has never wandered in contemplating the object meditated upon, he, nevertheless, has to repeat what the speaker said; which when the will is very strong may not even be heard as a sound, let alone as a coherent sentence. The will has to keep the thinking faculty of the meditator from interrupting the meditation; but meanwhile the thinking faculty without in any way breaking the meditation has to receive the message of the speaker and deliver it unimpaired to the meditator directly the meditation is at an end. This experiment, except that it is carried out by an act of will, differs very slightly, if at all, from those moments in which whilst absorbed in some work, we hear a clock strike, and only realize that the clock has struck a certain hour some considerable time after the event.

239 The Thunderbolt: see Illustration in THE EQUINOX, vol. i, No. 1.

240 I.e., no longer uttering the Mantra, but listening to the Mystic Voice of the Universe saying it.

241 These mystic sounds heard by the Yogi are supposed to proceed from the Anahata Chakkra.

242 Shot for Namo Shivaya Namaha Aum.

243 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 91. The description here is of the Shanmukhi Mudra.

244 Ibid., p. 92. {152}

245 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," p. 93.

246 Chiefly by the Yoga of Nâda-Laya, a Dhyâna.

247 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. v, p. 42.

248 "The Voice of the Silence," pp. 24, 25.

249 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," iv, 96. For some of these sounds also see Brahamvidyâ, 13, Dhyânabindu, 18, and the Hamsa Upanishad, 4.

250 Mental or bodily attributes.

251 See "777," col. lv, p. 17.

252 "Hatha Yoga Pradipika," pp. 97-100. Also, Amritabindu Apanishad, 24.

253 Nadi-Yama or Control of the nerve-channels by regular breathing, without Khumbaka or holding the breath.

254 He whose Nadi are pure has (1) a clear complexion; (2) a sweet voice; (3) a calm appearance; (4) bright eyes; (5) hearing constantly the Nada.

255 The same as Nadi-Yama.

256 Anahata Lotus, mystic ganglion in the heart. See diagram.

257 Dhâranâ on Ajna prevents sleep: ditto on Anahata causes it.

258 In practising Prânâyâma, the breath may get convulsively withheld, all the muscles going suddenly rigid, without the will of the Yogi. This is called Sukshama-Kumbhaka, or Automatic holding in of the breath. This phenomenon marks a stage in attainment.

259 A Mantra. Shi="Peace," Va="Power." It means "Thy peace by poser increasing In me by power to peace."

260 The four characteristic results of Prânâyâma are (1) perspiration; (2) rigidity; (3) jumping about like a frog; (4) levitation. P. never experienced this last result. But it is possible that, if there was an actual loss of weight, that this was at least a step towards it.

261 We do not know what this means, unless the note of Shri Mâitrânanda’s bell was different from that of Frater P’s.

262 Wand.

263 When gods are near, or Kundalini arises thither, the petals bend down and out: thus is the Winged-Globe of Egypt formed. These petals are the same as the horn of Pan which open out as the God descends.

264 A Hatha Yoga Practice. P.’s idea of the practice was to drink a pint right off! Hence disappointment.

265 Probably at this time a period of "dryness" supervened.

266 The Golden Dawn, Dhyâna of the Sun.

267 Or Rupa Visions. That is, visions of the three Lights of the Gunas. See "The Herb Dangerous." THE EQUINOX, vol. 1, No. 2.

268 The great Vision of Vishnu. See the Eleventh Discourse on the Bhagavad-Gîta. "Unnumbered arms, the sun and moon. Thine eyes. I see Thy face, as sacrificial fire blazing, its splendour burneth up the worlds." Verse 19.

269 Adonai. The Vision of the Holy Guardian Angel.

270 Atma-Darshana, the universal vision of Pan, or the vision of the Universal Peacock. It has many forms.

271 Vision of Shiva, which destroys the Atma-Darshana. The God Shiva opens his eye, and Equilibrium is re-established.

272 This is a mere thought-form induced by misunderstanding the instruction of Mâitrânanda Swami as to observing the phenomenon.

273 Cf. Captain J. F. C. Fuller’s "Star in the West," pp 287, 288. "In his Essay ’Eleusis," Crowley suggests that the world’s history may roughly be divided into a continuous succession of periods, each embracing three distinct cycles of Renaissance, Decadence, and slime. In the first the Adepts rise as artists, philosophers, and men of science, who are sooner or later recognized as great men; in the second the adepts as adepts appear, but seem as fools and knaves; and in the third, that of Slime, vanish altogether, and are invisible. Then the chain starts again. Thus Crowley writes: "’Decadence marks the period when the adepts, nearing their earthly perfection, become true adepts,not mere men of genius. They disappear, harvested by heaven: and perfect darkness (apparent death) ensues until the youthful forerunners of the next crop begin to shoot if the form of artists.’"

274 Till 1906. The theory of the Great White Brotherhood, as set forth in the story called "The Blossom and the Fruit," by Miss Mabel Collins.

275 The practice of Mahasipatthana is explained by Mr. A. Crowley in his "Science and Buddhism" very fully. Briefly: In this mediation the mind is not restrained to the contemplation of a single object, and there is no interference with the natural functions of the body. It is essentially an observation-practice, which later assumes an analytic aspect in regard to the question: "What is it that is really observed?" The Ego-idea is excluded; all bodily motions are observed and recorded; for instance, one may sit down quietly and say: There is a raising of the right foot." "There is an expiration," etc.;, etc., just as it happens. When once this habit of excluding the Ego become intuitive, the next step is to explain the above thus: "There is a sensation (Vedana) of a raising, etc." The next stage is that of perception (Sañña) "There is a perception of a (pleasant and unpleasant) sensation of a raising, etc." The two further stages Sankhara and Viññanam pursue the analysis to its ultimation. "There is a consciousness of a tendency to perceive the (pleasant and unpleasant) sensation of a raising of the right foot" being the final form. The Buddha himself said that if a man practises Mahasatipatthana honestly and intelligently a result is certain.

276 This, though a good system is a very difficult one to carry out.

277 N.B. Frater P. did not practise when physically unfit.

278 Not understood.

279 Om Tat Sat Aum.

280 30. 15. 60.

281 This meeting with H. L., though of no importance in itself, led to cone of the most important happenings in P.’s life; for it was through him that he again met Ouarda the seer, as we shall see at a later date.

282 These interrupting voice suggestions have been named by P. Telephone-cross-voices on account of their close resemblance to disjointed conversations so often heard whilst using a telephone. A similar phenomenon occurs in wireless telegraphy; chance currents make words, and are so read by the operator. They are called "atmospherics." I propose the retention of this useful word in place of the clumsy "Telephone-cross-voices."

283 To which may be added Mantra Yoga and Karma Yoga, which correspond with The Invocation and The Acts of Service and represent Union through Speech and Union through Work.

284 "Shiva Sanhita," chap. v, 155.

285 Âtman, Pan, Harpocrates, whose sign is silence, etc., etc. See " "777".

286 The Vision of the Holy Guardian Angel Adonai.

287 Equilibrium, Silence, Supreme Attainment, Zero.

288 As for women they are considered beyond the possibility of redemption, for in order of re-incarnation they are placed seven stages below a man, three below a camel, and one below a pig. Manu speaks of "the gliding of the soul through ten thousand millions of wombs." And if a man steal grain in the husk, he shall be born a rat; if honey, a great stinging gnat; if milk, a crow; if woven flax, a frog; if a cow, a lizard; if a horse, a tiger; if roots or fruit, an ape; if a woman, a bear. "Institutes of Manu," xii, 55-67.

289 We find Christ insisting on this absolute chastity of body and mind, in a similar manner, and for similar reasons; for the Eastern Jew if he is not actually doing something dirty, is sure to be thinking about it.

290 The reason for this is very simple. Take for example a glutton who lives for his palate and his stomach; he is always longing for tasty foods and spends his whole life seeking them. Let us now substitute the symbol of the Augoeides or Âtman for that of food and drink, let him every time he thinks of food and drink push the thought aside and in its place contemplate his Higher Self, and the result is a natural invocation of the Âtman, Augoeides, or Higher Self. If the aspirant be an artist let him do the same with hisart; if a musician, with his music; if a poet, with his verses and rhymes. For the best foundation to build upon is always to be found upon that which a man "loves" "best." It is no good asking a glutton who does not care a row of brass pins for music, to turn music into a magical formula, neither is it of the slightest use to impress upon a clean-minded individual the necessity of living a chaste life. It is like tapping Samson on the shoulder, just after he has carried the pates of Gaza on to the top of the hill before Hebron, and saying: "My good boy, if you ever intend becoming strong, the first thing you must do is to buy a pair of my four pound dumb- bells and my sixpenny book on physical culture."

291 The Buddha (it is true) did not encourage bloodshed, in spite of his having died from an overfeed of pork, but as Mr. A. Crowley has said, many of his present-day followers are quite capable of killing their own brothers for five rupees. The Western theory that Buddhists are lambs and models of virtue is due to the fact that certain Western vices are not so congenial to the Asiatic as they are to the European; and not because Buddhists are incapable of enjoying themselves.

292 Buddhism as a schism from the Brahminical religion may in many respects be compared with Lutheranism as a schism from the Catholic Church. Both Buddha and Luther set aside the authority of miracles, and appealed to the reason of the middle classes of their day. The Vedas were the outcome of aristocratic thought; and so in truth was the Christianity of Constantine and the Popes, that full-blooded Christianity which so soon swallowed the mystical Christ and the anaemic communism of the canaille which followed him. Conventional Buddhism is pre-eminently the "nice" religion of the bourgeoisie; it neither panders to the superstition of the masses nor palliates the gallantries of the aristocracy; it is essentially middle-class; and this no doubt is the chief reason why it has met with a kindly reception by this nation of shop-walkers.

293 Anikka, Change; Dukka, Sorrow; Anatta, Absence of an Ego.

294 Prânâyâma acts on the mind just as Calomel acts on the bowels. It does not matter if a patient believes in Calomel or not. The physician administers it, and even if the patient be a most hostile Christian Scientist, the result is certain. Similarly with Prânâyâma, the Guru gives his chela a certain exercise, and as surely as the Calomel voided the noxious matter from the intestines of the sufferer, so will the Prânâyâma void the capricious thoughts from the mind of the disciple.

295 By discovery here we mean individual experiment resulting in personal discovery; another person’s discovery only begets illusion and comment. Individual discovery is the only true discovery worth consideration.

296 Nearly all the Masters have been cautious how they handled this power; generally refusing to expend it at the mere caprice of their followers or opponents. The Siddhis are like the Gold of the Alchemist. Once discovered it is kept secret, and the more secretly it is kept the more it is hoarded the richer becomes the discoverer, and then one day will come wherein he will be able to pay his own ransom, and this is the only ransom that is acceptable unto God.

297 Possibly the restraint of Brahmachârya produced the Siddhis, and that further restraint in its turn produced an accumulation of these occult powers, the benefit accruing from which is again placed to the credit of the bodily powers.

Part III | Index | Part V

Index | The Hermit | The Agnostic Position | The Vedanta | Attainment By Yoga | The Yogas | The Constitution of the Human Organism | The Chakkras | The Doctrines of Buddhism | The Noble Eightfold Path | The Writings of Truth

Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV | Part V | Part VI | Part VII | Part VIII | Part IX