Indian prince and mystic. Also known as S‚kyamuni and Gautama, the Buddha. The founder of the religion of Buddhism. Crowley considered him to be a Magus of A:. A:., whose Word was ANATTA, literally "No Soul," or "No Ego," with "Soul" or "Ego" referring to a changeless substance. See Chapter 70 of Liber Aleph, Part III of The Heart of the Master, and Chapter 7 of The Book of Lies.
Born a wealthy Hindu prince in the north-east of India, Siddh‚rtha was brought up in the ease of the court and shielded from the sufferings of the world. One day, jaded by court life, he decided to secretly visit the local town. Upon leaving the shelter of home, his sudden exposure to old age, poverty, disease and death was a complete shock to him, and he was deeply disturbed.
Upon returning to the palace, he began to reassess all his beliefs and values, including the Hinduism of his childhood. He continued to recall one particular incident from his journey to the town: he had encountered a begging ascetic, who informed him that he had renounced the world to pass beyond joy and suffering, and had thereby obtained peace. Siddh‚rtha resolved to become an ascetic himself.
He stole away from his father's palace, leaving his young wife YasŰdhara and his infant son Rahula behind, and made his way to a hermitage where he was received by the Br‚hmanas as a disciple. He changed his name to Gautama, and spent years engaged in austere ascetic practices. But he remained troubled. He moved from hermitage to hermitage, hoping to find peace and understanding, but finding only more suffering. Finally, half dead, he sat down beneath a Bo (Pipal) tree and swore to himself that he would not arise until he had attained the knowledge he desired.
Though tempted all day by the demon M‚ra and his voluptuous daughters, he remained unmoved in the fixity of his contemplation on human suffering. As night fell, enlightenment came to him; and by daybreak the next day, he had obtained perfect knowledge of his own past lives, the condition of all living beings, the nature of suffering and the way to destroy it. He remained beneath the Bodhi Tree for seven more days, then arose and began to preach a new religion.
Siddh‚rtha never set his teachings down in writing, and Buddhism has no single holy book. Instead, its basic tenets are set forth in a large canon of essays, dialogues, poems and tractates, most of which were written 600-900 years after Siddh‚rtha's death. Two of these, The Dhammapada, a collection of the sayings of the Buddha, and The Questions of King Milinda, a primer of Buddhist doctrine in dialogue form, are included in the Liber E and A:. A:. Section 1 reading lists. In 1879, Sir Edwin Arnold composed a book-length poem on the life and teachings of Siddh‚rtha called The Light of Asia, which is included in Section 2 of the A:. A:. reading list.
The fundamental doctrine of primitive Buddhism is that all suffering is caused by the desire for pleasure. To escape suffering, one must extinguish all desire. The method of annihilating desire is to avoid the extremes of pleasure-seeking and self-maceration, and to living a simple life of lucidity, moderation and charity.
Anatta, the Word of the Magus Siddh‚rtha, is one of the "Three
Characteristics" of Buddhist doctrine:
1. Anikka: "Impermanence"
2. Dukkha: "Sorrow"
3. Anatta: "No Ego"
Siddh‚rtha's teachings are rooted in the doctrine that all experience is
illusory, impure, changeable and transitory; hence futile and meaningless. The
"Four Noble Truths" of Buddhism are:
1. "Existence is Sorrow." All is transitory.
2. "Sorrow's Cause." The cause of sorrow is desire.
3. "Sorrow's End." The end of desire is the end of sorrow.
4. "The Noble Eightfold Path." The way to Nirv‚na, which is the end of desire and sorrow.
The Eightfold Path consists of the following
6.Right Effort, or Right Energy
To become a Buddhist, one agrees to abide by the Five Precepts, which indicate
one's aspiration to extinguish desire:
1. Not to take life.
2. Not to take what is not given.
3. Not to indulge in sexual misconduct.
4. Not to lie.
5. Not to indulge in intoxicants which cloud the mind.
One's resolve to keep one's vows is fortified by the Three Refuges:
1. The Buddha himself: as an example of achievement.
2. The Dharma: the truth of the Teaching.
3. The Sangha: the Buddhist community -- the efforts of others.
Primitive Buddhist doctrine rejects the religious ideas of the existence of God, the immortality of the soul, and the efficacy of ritual; but accepts and incorporates the religious ideas of reincarnation and karma. Buddhism has undergone considerable development and elaboration over its 2400 year history, including the introduction (as in Taoism) of many miraculous legends, rituals, and systems of gods, goddesses, angels and demons. It has also split into many sects, which can be roughly classified under three major schools:
Therav‚da (also called HÓnay‚na) Buddhism: This represents the original Monastic Buddhism, and is prevalent in Sri Lanka, Burma, Laos, Thailand and Cambodia.
Mah‚y‚na Buddhism: This represents "Evangelical" Buddhism, and includes Zen and the other forms of Chinese, Japanese and Korean Buddhist systems.
Vajray‚na Buddhism: This represents "Magical" Buddhism, and is exclusive to the Tibetan Buddhist systems, now practiced primarily in Bhutan and Northern India.
Buddhism, along with its twin sister Jainism, exerted considerable influence on later Hinduism, and may have influenced the teachings of Apollonius of Tyana and the Gnostics. It certainly influenced the philosophy of Pessimism of Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860 e.v.) which in turn influenced the thought of Friedrich Nietzsche and Richard Wagner.
Arnold, Sir Edwin;
The Light of Asia
, Little, Brown & Co., Boston 1899
Babbitt, Irving (Transl.); The Dhammapada , New Directions, New York 1965
Bucke, Richard Maurice; Cosmic Consciousness , E.P. Dutton & Co., NY 1923
Conze, Edward (Ed.); Buddhist Scriptures, Penguin, London 1959
Crowley, Aleister; The Book of Lies , Samuel Weiser, NY 1978
Crowley, Aleister; The Heart of the Master [Ordo Templi Orientis, 1938], New Falcon Publications, Scottsdale, Arizona 1992
Crowley, Aleister; Liber Aleph vel CXI, The Book of Wisdom or Folly [Thelema Publishing, 1962], Samuel Weiser, York Beach, Maine 1991
Crowley, Aleister; "Science and Buddhism" in The Works of Aleiser Crowley, Vol. II, Society for the Propagation of Religious Truth, Foyers 1906, reprinted by the Yogi Publication Society, Des Plaines, Illinois
Masson-Oursel, P. and Louise Morin; "Indian Mythology" in The New Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology, Hamlyn, NY 1959/1968
Originally published in Red Flame No. 2 -- Mystery of Mystery: A Primer of Thelemic Ecclesiastical Gnosticism by Tau Apiryon and Helena; Berkeley, CA 1995 e.v.