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Book Reviews

The Cosmopolitan Compiled

Eirenaeus Philalethes, Alchemical Works: Eirenaeus Philalethes Compiled (Boulder: Cinnabar Press, 1994; hb, $60.00). Available from Cinnabar Press, P.O. Box 1930, Boulder, CO 80306

Looking for a little late night alchemical reading? Well, then, you’ve come to the right place. How about enough reading for, say, the next 40 nights? Better still. Alchemical Works: Eirenaeus Philalethes Compiled is not only a mouthful, it is also an alchemical month’s worth of some heavy duty reading on the laboratory aspects of the Great Work by one of the 17th century’s leading exponents of the Art.

As the introduction suggests, over 300 years after the first publications of Philalethes, the identity of this nearly mythological adept is still unknown. Philalethes is the latinization of the Greek phrase for “Lover of Truth”, and if he is judged by what he has written, which according to his prefaces, suggests kindness, modesty, and a philanthropic attitude - the reputed hallmarks of spiritual attainment - it is a fitting name. Legendary for having achieved the Philosopher’s Stone at the age of 23, in 1645, his additional pseudonyms discribe him as a Citizen of the Cosmos, or Cosmopolita, the term by which he is best known.

An associate of Boyle, Starkey, and other lesser alchemists and pseudo-alchemists, some of them well known, Philalethes’ writings were the basis for Isaac Newton’s experiments in alchemy, particularly his search for the Philosophic Mercury in 1675. In addition, Philalethes is best known for putting forth the idea of metallic seed which was “diffused throughout the metal, and contained in all its smallest parts…”, an idea similar to today’s atomic theory.

Included in this volume are all of Philalethes’ works available in English, indexed and complete, with the original format preserved. A partial look at the contents shows: The Marrow of Alchemy, Parts 1 and 2; Ripley Revived; An Exposition upon the First Six Gates of Sir George Ripley’s Compound of Alchemie; Experiment for the Preparation of the Sophick Mercury, by Luna, and the Antimonial-Stellate-Regulus of Mars, for the Philosopher’s Stone; A Breviary of Alchemy; and more, for a total of 17 tracts.

Don’t expect to be able to pick up this book, head to your basement with a chemistry kit and make Star Regulus or Ignis-Aqua, however. Like all philosophers of the Hermetic arts and sciences, Philalethes writes in what his modern equivalent, Fulcanelli, calls “the language of the birds”. Like any language, symbolic language is clear to those who know its definitions, grammar, and syntax, but is meaningless to anyone who hasn’t done the Work needed to understand it.

Never fear, though, there is help. While there may not yet be a Yellow Pages for alchemists, some preliminary reading in the field will help clear away many of the obscurities presented in Philalethes’ works. Several introductory books on the actual laboratory techniques of alchemy do exist, along with suggestions for practical experiments in the field. The Alchemist’s Handbook by Frater Albertus, Manfred Junius’ Practical Handbook of Plant Alchemy, In Pursuit of Gold: Alchemy Today in Theory and Practice by Lapidus, and Gold of a Thousand Mornings by Armand Barbault are all more valuable in conjunction with Alchemical Works: Eirenaeus Philalethes Compiled than a dozen psychological analyses of the text.

If you are looking for an authentic alchemical text to guide you, complete with references and historical background to give it weight, Alchemical Works is one of the best buys for the money. It is an expensive book at $60.00, but is loaded with what many consider to be the essential readings on the subject of alchemy by one who is said to have made the Stone and completed the Great Work.

In the true spirit of Hermeticism, by the way, the publisher has included the following statement on the dust jacket: “This work was commissioned by a scholar of the Art who lovingly guided the stringent accuracy of the detailed restoration and publication of the material contained within. Consistent with the Hermetic Tradition, he wishes to remain - Anonymous.” Could it be? Nah…

— Mark Stavish

 

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Table of Contents | From the Editors | The Method of Judging Questions | The Rousing of the Citadels | A Zodiacal Ritual Formula | Deciphering the Golden Dawn | A Lamp for the Scholarly Pilgrim | Calling Spirits from the Vasty Deep | Avoiding the Other | A Different Kind of Four-Letter Word | The Cosmopolitan Compiled

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