Akbar

Akbar, Akbar the Great, Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar, بو الفتح جلال الدين محمد اكبر, Akbar I, Jalal-ud-din Muhammad, Shahanshah, “King of Kings”

Mongol India 1542 – 1605

Muslim conqueror in India; enlarged the Mughal Empire to include nearly all of the Indian Subcontinent; established a library of over 24,000 volumes written in Sanskrit, Hindustani, Persian, Greek, Latin, Arabic and Kashmiri; although raised Sunni Hanafi Muslim, he created his own religion, Din-i-Ilahi, a mix of Islam, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Jainism and Christianity with himself as prophet; integrated cannons, elephants and matchlocks against Hindu forces, which he got from the Portuguese and Italians, whose bell casting technology was combined with Chinese gunpowder to change warfare; one of the 1st “Gunpower Empires”; conquered the Gondwana kingdom for it's wild elephants; defeated most of the Brahminical Hinduism Kingdoms; met Jesuits, 1579; indirectly sets up the current India vs Pakistan conflict of today; Sulh-e-kul aka universal peace; moved grave of Mir Murtaza Sharifi Shirazi - a Shia too close to Sunni graves, but eventually declared a truce in the Shia - Sunni conflict; Sunni Sufi mysticism;

Influences

Spiritual adviser Sufi saint Salim Chishti; Guru Nanak of the Sikh; Hafez; Kabir; Shaikh Abdu'n Nabi; Acharya Hiravijaya Suri; Kublai Khan in China; Genghis Khan ; Ogedei Khan; Jochi; Tamerlane, aka Prince of Destruction aka Sword of Islam aka Timur the Lame; Ambaghai ; Hotula Khan ; Attila the Hun; Humayun, father; Bairam Khan; Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur aka Baber aka Babar aka Batu of the Golden Horde, in India / Pakistan / Afghanistan / Uzbekistan of the Mughal dynasty ; Kamran Mirza; Askari Mirza;

Influenced

Marco Polo; Rashid al-Din Tabib; Jahangir, son; Shahjahan, grandson; Jaimal ; Patta; Qutb-ud-din Khan Koka ; Shahbaz Khan Kamboh;

Close

Ruqaiya Sultan Begum, wife; Tahmasp I of the Persian Safavids; Abul Fazl, Vizier; Pir Muhammad Khan; Abdullah Khan Shaybanid; Sikandar Shah; Adham Khan; Baz Bahadur; Mirza Muhammad Hakim; Sulaiman Khan Karrani; Muzaffar Shah III; Bahadur Shah of Gujarat; Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent; received personal letter from Queen Elizabeth I of England; Pierre Malherbe, French explorer;

Critical

Aziz Koka ;

Groups

3rd Caliph of the Mughal Dynasty in India; Ibadat Khana (aka “House of Worship”) at Fatehpur Sikri;

Author

well, The Akbarnāma aka Book of Akbar, official biography

 

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