Isaac Abarbanel

Rabbi Isaac Abarbanel, aka Rabeinu Don Yitzchak Abarbanel, aka Isaac ben Judah Abravanel, aka Isaac ben Yehudah Abravanel

Portugal, 1437–1508

Rabbi; Qabalist; Messianic desires; Merkhabah ; the “Heavenly Chariot” ; Racist, found Biblical excuses for African slave trade; levirate marriage required because soul of death Brother migrates into new Groom, still married to widow; believed in Neoplatonic transmigration of the soul aka metempsychosis; Adamite tradition;


Maimonides aka “RaMBaM”; Joseph Chaim of Lisbon; Joseph ibn Shem-Tov ; David Kimhi; Plato ; Plotinus; Pythagoras; Shimon bar Yochai aka Shimon Lavi bar Yohaiaka The “Rashbi”; Averroes; Marsilio Ficino; Hermes Trismegistus aka “Hanoch” aka Ermes; Pico della Mirandola; Aristotle; Shem Tov Falaquera; Yehuda Halevi aka Yehudah ha-Levi; Gemistus Pletho;


Rabeinu Shaul Cohen Ashkenazi of Crete; William Stirling; son, Leone Ebreo aka Judah Leon Abravanel aka Leo Hebraeus aka Judah Abrabanel, author of Dialoghi d'Amore; Elijah Hayyim ben Benjamin of Genazzano aka Eliyahu Chaim author of Igeres Chamudos; Gedalyah ben Yehiyah ; Abraham Yagel; Moshe Idel; Hayyim Angel; Aldo Manuzio; Abraham Chill;


King Afonso V of Portugal, patron, whom he served as treasurer; Don Abraham Senior, of Segovia ; Rabeinu Shlomo Ibn Verga, author of Sheivet Yehuda; Hasdai Crescas; Joseph Albo; Abraham Shalom; Shaul ha-Kohen; Shem Tob Ibn Shem Tob aka Shem Tov ben Shem Tov, author of Book of Faithfulness @ 1430;


Torquemada, the grand inquisitor of Spain; (disagreed with) Shaul ha-Kohen;



Ateres Zekeinim & Tsuros HaYesodos aka aka Sefer 'Ateret Zeqenim, , 1557; Yeshu'ot Meshiho; Commentary on the Book of Jeremiah; Sefer “Rosh Amanah” aka The Pinnacle of Faith; Sefer Mifalos Elokim aka Mif' alot 'Elohim; Ma'yanei ha-Yeshu'ah aka “The Wellsprings of Salvation“ aka מעייני הישועה on the Book of Daniel, 1496 ;Yeshu'ot Meshiho aka “The Salvation of His Anointed” aka ישועות משיחו on the Messiah, 1497; “Mashmia' Yeshu'ah” aka Proclaiming Salvation, 1498; collected as “Migdal Yeshu'ot” aka the “Tower of Salvation” מגדל ישועות ; The Crown of the Ancients; “Inheritance of the Fathers” ;“The Forms of the Elements” ; “New Heavens” ; “Deeds of God”; Commentary on the Pentateuch aka Five Books Of Moses; Sefer Zebah Pesah; Sefer Yehoshu'a; Sefer Rosh Amanah; Mirkebet ha-Mishneh; Ateret Zekenim; perhaps Mif’alot Elokim aka Elokim’s Undertakings, published in Zolkiew in 1710, by R. Joel Ba’al Shem; Pirḳe avot, Naḥalat avot; Abarbanel al HaTorah : Chorev Edition (5 vol.); Chumash Or Yitzchak : Abarbanel al HaTorah (5 vol.); Haggadah - Abarbanel (Zevach Pesach); Mashmia Yeshuah ; Otzrot Harav Yitzchak Abarbanel; Peirush Abarbanel al HaNeviim : Melachim Alef & Bet; Peirush Abarbanel al HaNeviim : Shmuel Alef & Bet; Peirush Abarbanel al HaNeviim : Yechezkel; Peirush Abarbanel al HaNeviim : Yeshaayahu; Peirush Abarbanel al HaNeviim : Yirmiyahu; Pirkei Avot - Peirush Nachalat Avot ; Rosh Amanah ;


  • “a man without sons does not have a part in the world to come, as indicated in the sayings of our rabbis of blessed memory. For this was also the belief among some of the ancient philosophers, as written in the book The Eternity of the Soul and the Godhead, attributed to the Egyptian Enoch, named Hermes Trismegistus. The explanation is that the childless man does not have eternity of the soul, the reason being that since, according to them, the soul is prior to the perfection of the body, they have agreed that the perfect or deficient compound is drawn to the perfect or deficient soul. Furthermore, there are souls who are barren by nature, as a consequence of a deficiency in the perfection and eternity of the soul ”
  • “In truth the reason for levirate marriage is that which we find in our Master Moses, may he rest in peace, and Pythagoras agreed with him”; “For of necessity things exist as a figuration in the mind of the active agent before that thing comes into being. Indubitably this image is the world of the sefirot mentioned by the sages of the Kabbalists of the true wisdom [who said] that the sefirot are the divine figurations with which the world was created. Therefore they said that the sefirot are not created but are emanated, and that all of them united together in Him, blessed be His name, for they are the figurations of His loving-kindness and His willing what He created. In truth, Plato set down the knowledge of the separate general forms not as Aristotle understood them”


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