William Stukeley

William Stukeley MD, FRS, FRCP, FSA aka The Arch Druid

England 1687 – 1765

Stonehenge ; Windmill Hill, Avebury, Royston Cave at Royston, Hertfordshire excavations; Overton Hill ; “Merlin's Mount” in Marlborough College; Freemason; “Arch-Druid”; Society of Antiquities; Royal College of Physicians; Druids of the Iron Age; “Dracontia” aka serpent, giant “worms” or dragon temples; Dragon Hill near Uffington; Christianized knights St. George and St. Michael; Christin Druid; compares Avebury to King Solomon's Temple's dimensions and layout; to be clear, if “Druid” refers to the indigenous population of Briton during the Roman Age, the ruins of Stonehenge, Salisbury and Avebury predate those people by several thousand years, so Pre-Druid may be a better description; Freemason; Astrology; Alchemy; both Teacher and ardent follower of Sir Isaac Newton, who hid the Alchemical and Biblical writings from publication; Thought the Druids taught the Pythagorians, using Egyptian wisdom, about the original religion, which (suprise) was rather like the Church of England of his day, monotheistic but with a Trinity!; astrological system of Eimarmene, 1737;

Connections

Teachers

Isaac Newton; Edmond Halley; Herodotus; Robin Hood of legend; Merlin, of legend; William Camden; John Aubrey, author of “Monumenta Brittanica”; Alexander the Great; Inigo Jones; Plutarch; “Samuel Danyel” ; Homer; Julius Caesar; Mr. Roger Gale; Ralph Sheldon; “ Mr. Camden”; Plato; “Dr. Holland”; Dr. Childrey, author of Britannia Baconica; ; Sir Francis Bacon; “Mr. Ayloff of Wooton Ballet; ”; Dr. Stephen Hales; Edward Llwyd; Reuben Horfall; Athanasius Kircher; Lord Stowell; Charles Tucker; Ovid; Strabo; Virgil; Pliny the Elder; Pliny the Younger; “Mr. Bray'; Sir Robert Halford; Charles Tucker; Xenophon; Alexander Keille; Diogenes; William Cooke, author of An Enquiry into the Patriarchal and Druidical Religion, 1754; Edward Davies, author of The Mythology and Rites of the British Druids, 1809; Giambattista Della Porta aka Giambattista de la Porta aka John Baptista Porta, author of Natural Magic & Fisionomia dell'Huomo , 1644; Richard Edlin aka Richard Edlyn ,1631–1677, author of Observationes Astrologicæ; Abaris the Druid; Thales of Miletus; Pythagoras; Herman Boerhaave, chemist;

Students

Oliver Joseph Lodge; Henry Rowlands, author of Mona Antiqua Restaurata: An Archaeological Discourse on the Antiquities, Natural and Historical, of the Isle of Anglesey, the Antient Seat of the British Druids, 1723 , 1655–1723; Michael Balfour; Isaac Bonewits; Ronald Heaver; Robert Cochrane; E. Raymond Capt; Nora Chadwick; Joy Chant; Robert Wentworth Little; Frederick Hockley; Kenneth R. H. Mackenzie; James Manchester, M.D, Druid; Grand Archdruid Rhodonn Starrus AKA Aerach Crann Crithaec (“Great Quaking Aspen”); Robert Hayes; Mrs. Hayes, 1st female initiate ; Dr. Juliet Ashley, Archdruid and founder of the Holy Order of the Golden Dawn in Philadelphia, also a student of A.E. Waite, 1939; inspired Order of Spiritual Alchemy ; Robert Johnson aka Aerach Crann Crithaec II; Dr. Betty Jean McCloud Reeves ; John Michael Greer, aka Creyr Glas Cynwyddon (“Blue Heron Loremaster”); George Watson MacGregor Reid; Nicholas Tereschenko; Lady Olivia Robertson; Br. George Steinmetz, photographer and author of “The Lost Word: Its hidden meaning” ; Robert Lomas; Christopher Knight; Dr. Nomad of Oxford; Chesh ; Christine Cleere of Gorsedd of Cor Gawr; John Mitchell, author of View over Atlantis, 1969; Lionel Lewis, 1922;

Friends

(& Enemies / Partners) Robert Hooke; Daniel Defoe; Jonathan Swift; Herman Moll, cartographer, (1654-1732) ; the buccaneers William Dampier (1651-1715) and Woodes Rogers (1679?-1732) ; Henry, Earl of Penbroke, patron; Tom Robinson, destroyed some of the Abury site, 1700; Lord Winchelfia; Lady Hertford; William Warburton, author of The Divine Legation of Moses; William Whiston, author of A New Theory of the Earth, 1696; Martin Ffoulkes aka Martin Folkes, Society of Antiquities; Roger Gale; Sir Hans Sloane; Miriam the Druidess; Emanuel Mendes da Costa; Tycho Wing; Edmund Weaver, almanac maker of British Telescope; Martin Clare,Freemason, author of A Defense of Masonry;

Enemies

(only in his mind): John Wood, the Elder, of Bath, author of The Origin of Building or, The Plagiarism of the Heathens Detected, 1741? 1746?, 1704 – 1754;

Organizations

Royal Society; vicar of All Saints' Church, Stamford; a Druidic Order; 1st secretary, the Society of Antiquaries of London, 1718: Freemasonry, from Salutation Tavern, Tavistock St; a founder ofThe Egyptian Society , 1741;

Author

biographer of Isaac Newton; Palaeographia Britannica or discourses on Antiquities in Britain no.I, Origines Roystonianae, or an account of the Oratory of lady Roisia, Foundress of Royston discovered in Royston in August 1742; Palaeographia Britannica or discourses on Antiquities in Britain no.II, or defense of Lady de Vere, Foundress of Roiston, against the Calumny of Mr. Parkin, rector of Oxburgh wherein his pretended answer is fully refuted: the former opinion further confirm'd and illustrated. To which are occasionally added, many curios matters in antiquity; 'Stonehenge', A Temple Restor'd to the British Druids, 1740; “Abury, A Temple of the British Druids”,1743 ; 'Itinerarium Curiosum', 1724, including the “Itinerarium Curiosum Centuria I: An Account of the Antiquitys and Remarkable Curiositys in Nature or Art observed in Travels through Great Brittan” ; combined as Stonehenge a temple restor'd to the British Druids [ & ] Abury, a Temple of the British Druids, with Some Others Described - wherein is a more particular account of the first and patriarchal religion; and of the peopling of the British Isles ( 2 volumes in one );

Quotes

“My intent is (besides preserving the memory of these extraordinary monuments, so much to the honour of our country, now in great danger of ruin) to promote, as much as I am able, the knowledge and practice of ancient and true Religion; to revive in the minds of the learned the spirit of Christianity … to warm out hearts into that true sense of Religion, which keeps the medium between ignorant superstition and learned free-thinking, between enthusiasm and the rational worship of God, which is no where upon earth done, in my judgement, better than in the Church of England”

External Resources

 

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