Yohanan Alemanno

Yohanan Alemanno aka Johanan Alemanno aka Johan Ashkenazi aka The Universal Man aka Hakham Kolel

Constantinople / Eastern Orthodox Turkey 1435 – died after 1504

Qabalist; Neoplatonism; Renaissance humanist ; Sephardic, Italian Jewish alchemist; Alchemy; the Egyptians experimented with Knowledge, while King Solomon relied on Wisdom; tells the story of the Sacred Marriage between Solomon and the Queen of Sheba as the making of an heir to Sheba as well as transmuting gold; Letter and Number magick has planetary and metallic or academical properties in sympathy; “l'saref” means both to refine and combine; magical-talismanic Qabalist; Drawing Down G-d into the Torah scroll to imbue the written Divine NAMEs with power; Drawing that power into oneself called the magical formula horadat ha-ruhaniyyut; The Saturnization of Judaism, or astro-magic; Creating statues, or planting special Trees in a Grove representing the Seven Metals to bath in their Planet's radiation, then they speak in your Dreams; Creating Architecture containing such symmetry with the Divine it invites down the LIGHT of Creation into the structure like a talisman; inspired also by Josiphon: History of the Jews During the Period of the Second Temple, 1544; poises his arguments between a Meliẓ Yosher alLeshono aka “the felicitous interpreter” and the Dover Emet bi-Levavo aka “one who speaks the truth in his heart”;

Connections

Teachers

Judah Messer Leon aka Yehudah Messer Leon of Mantua; Aristotle; King Solomon; Abufalah the Alchemist; Japheth, son of Noah; Rabbi Abraham ben David, perhaps the RABaD aka Rabbi Abraham ben David of Posquiere, @ 1125 – 1198; Rabbi Meir, who could be Rabbeinu Meir ben Isaac of Carcassonne, author of the “Sefer ha-'Ezer” or Rabbi Abraham Ben Meir Ibn Ezra aka Rabbi Abraham Aben Ezra, 1089 — 1164 less likely Meir Poppers who is @ 1624- -1662; Ptolemy aka Claudius Ptolemy , reputed author of Centiloquium aka Sefer ha-Peri aka The Book of the Fruit aka Me'ah Dibburim aka the Hundred Dicta & The Almagest; Archimedes; Copernicus; Tycho Brahe aka Tigon; Ibn al-Sid al-Batalyawsi, author of Kitab al-Hada`iq, the Book of the Imaginary Circles, 1052– 1127; Abraham Abulafia; Joseph ben Abraham Gikatilla; Recanati aka Menahem ben Benjamin Recanati ; Yehudah Hayyat; Yitzhaq ben Yehi'el of Pisa; Plato; Proclus; Abraham de Balmes; annon. author of Beraita' de-Yosef ben 'Uzziel; Moses Narboni aka Rabeinu Moshe Narboni; Maimonides; David Qimhi, author of Mikhol; Isaac ben Moses ha-Levi aka Profiat Duran aka Rashbash aka Shlomo Ben Shimon Duran; Averroes; Joseph Ibn Kaspi; Levi ben Gershon aka Gersonides AKA RaLBaG; Euclid; Alfraganus aka Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Kathīr al-Farghānī, @ 800 -870; Rabeinu Shmuel Ibn Tibbon, author of Maamar Yikavu HaMayim; and De'ot ha-Filosofim; Al-Ghazali aka Algazelus aka Algazel aka Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ghazālī aka ابو حامد محمد ابن محمد الغزالي‎‎ @ 1058 – 1111; Solomon ibn Gabirol; Abu Bakr ibn Sa'igh, author of Quality of Conjunctions; Abu Hamed, author of Scales of Inquiries; Avicenna; Isaac Albalag; Rabeinu Shem Tov Ben Yosef Falaquera, author of Moreh HaMoreh ; Joseph ben Abba Mari ben Joseph ben Jacob Caspi, 1280 —1345 ; Sa'adya Gaon aka Ibn Shem Tov; Yehudah Romano; Ramban aka Nahmanides; Rashi; Joseph Dagaph; Petrus de Crescentiis, author of On Agriculture; Abu al-hasan 'Ali al-Mas'udi, author of Meadows of Gold aka Muruj al-Dhahab; his translator Samuel ibn Zarza, author of Meqor Hayyim, 1559; Abraham bar Hiyya, author of Hegayon ha-Nefesh, @ 1150; even Duns Scotus; Abu Bakr ibn Tufayl, author of Ḥai ben Yoktan;

Students

his son Yitzhaq; Giovanni Pico della Mirandola; Johann Reuchlin; Jacob Baruch ben Moses Ḥayyim; Rabbi David Mal'akh “a pure Sephari”; Israel Serusi; Raphael Benjamin Hayyim Moreno; Jacob ibn Naim; Joseph Azubib; Jacob Barukh; Yehi'el Nissim of Pisa; Yitzhaq of Pisa; David ben Judah he-Ḥasid, author of Sod Pirḳe Avot ; Joseph ibn Tzayyah; Giordano Bruno; Dame Frances Yates; Gershom Scholem; D. P. Walker; Robert John Weston Evans aka R.J.W. Evans; Walter Benjamin; Stephane Mallarme; Georg Friedrich Creuzer; Ernst Cassirer; Franz Molitor; Arnaldo Momigliano; Jacob Burckhardt; Henry Thode; Umberto Cassuto, author of Ha-Yehudim be-Firenze bi-Tequfat ha-Renesans; Esther Eisenmann; Gershom Scholem ; Moshe Idel ; Elliot Wolfson; Jacob Baruch, publisher of Sha’ar ha-Heshek, 1790; Abraham Joseph Solomon Graziano;

Friends

Marsilio Ficino;Lodovico Lazzarelli; Jehiel of Pisa in Florence, 1497; Isaac de Lattes ; Abraham Yagel;

Enemies

(disagreed with) Elia del Medigo; Rabbi Abihu; Rav Yirah aka Yedidya Raphael Abulafia aka Yedidya Refaʾel Abū ʾl-ʿĀfiya of Beth El Yeshiva, whose dream halted a cholera epidemic, 1850 - 1871; Aaron Azriel;

Similarities

Abraham Farissol; Joseph Ibn Shraga; his student ;Elijah Menahem Halfan of Venice; Elijah Bahur Levita; Solomon Molcho; Joseph Taitachek; David Messer Leon; Isaac Abarbanel; his son Yehudah Abarbanel or Abravanel; Abner of Burgos; Pedro de la Caballeria; Paulus de Heredia; Reuven Tzarfati ; Yitzhaq Mor Hayyim; Yehudah Hayyat;

Organizations

Author

Hay ha-Olamim aka Eternal Life, on stages of human development ; Collectanea of Alemanno's notes exists as Ms. Oxford, Bodleiana 2234 (Reggio 23); Commentary on the Ten Sefirot; ; Sefer sha`ar ha-heshek aka Sefer Sha'ar ha Hesheq aka the Book of the Gate of Desire, 1790; Hesheq Sh’lomo aka Solomon’s Desire aka Cheshek Shlomo aka “Ḥesheḳ Shelomoh” aka The Delight of Solomon, on Song of Songs, printing only the 1st section as Sha'ar ha-Hesheq; Sefer ha-Maspun aka the Book of Treasure; Qabalistic text “'Ene ha-'Edah” aka The Eyes of the Congregation; “LiḲḲutim Collectanea aka Sefer ha-Liqqutim”; 'Einei ha-'Edah aka commentary on Genesis; Shir ha-Ma'alot; (tr) Eleazar Ben Judah of Worms's Commentary on the Sepher Yetzirah; (tr) Eleazar Ben Judah of Worms's Sepher Hasidim; Sefer ha-Meshiu; published separately, Shir ha-Ma’alot li-Shelomo on King Solomon; Zeh Kol ha-Adam, likely another manuscript of Ḥai ha-Olamim; Pekah Ko’ah, lost; not Melekhet Muskelet or Peri Megadim, those likely from his students; translated or compiled Sefer ha-Levanah and a Sefer Raziel from Latin;

Quotes

“The astrologer studies every one of the creatures in relation to one of the seven planets. In the same manner, the Kabbalist studies every word of the Torah, as stated before in connection with the commandments of the Torah. That is, he studies the sefirah to which it is related. The astrologer studies the movements and governance of the stars. In the same way the Kabbalist knows what will happen to people in the future by reference to the influence and influx of the sefirot. This is in accordance with the activities and movements of those who perform the commandments and divine service. This method is superior to that of the astrologer”

“Saturn is the true judge and the planet of Moses, peace be with him. The angel of Saturn is Michael, the great minister, so called because of his great power in divine matters, and he is the ministering angel of Israel. And the astrologers who have described Saturn say that it endows man with profound thought, law, and the spiritual sciences [holdimot ruhaniyyot], prophecy [neuu'ah], sorcery [kishshuf], and prognostication and the Shemittot and Yovelot. The Jewish people and the Hebrew language and the Temple are under its jurisdiction”

“The ancient sages said that all the Torah is but one name, and all its words are powerful names and each and every verse is an additional name”

“ When a man performs one of the commandments by means of one of his corporeal limbs, that limb is readied to become a seat and home for the supernal power that is its likeness. . . . Our patriarch Abraham Abulafia was the first to discover this wondrous science”

“[It] was so vast that they boasted of it in their books, which they attributed to Enoch, whom the Lord has taken, and to Solomon, who was wiser than any man, and to many perfect men who performed actions of intermingling various things and comparing qualities in order to create new forms [tzurot hadashot] in gold, silver, vegetables, minerals, and animals that had never before existed, and to create divine forms that foretell the future, laws, nomoi (Greek for Custom), and spirits of angels, of stars, and of devils by the changes of their constitution, which is the reason for the differences among men, be these differences great or small.”

External Resources

 

Do you want to help build the Hermeneuticon wiki? Apply to become an editor, and help contribute your knowledge toward increasing the shared wisdom of this resource for the wider community.

Send an email to the librarian via